Chapter 6 Section 4 Vocabulary

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Macromolecules

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Biology

9th

10 Terms

1

Macromolecules

Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic molecules together

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2

Polymers

Molecules made from repeating units of identical or nearly identical compounds called monomers that are linked together by a series of covalent bonds

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3

Carbohydrates

Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom. Shape = Carbon Rings. Elements = CHO

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4

Monosaccharides

The monomer of carbohydrates

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5

Lipids

Molecules made mostly of carbon and hydrogen that make up the fats, oils, and waxes. Shape = Linear. Elements = CHO

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6

Protein

A polymer made of monomers called amino acids that contains the elements carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Shape = Linear

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7

Amino Acids

Monomers of proteins

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8

Nucleic Acids

Complex macromolecules that store and transmit genetic information and contains hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Shape = Carbon Rings

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9

Nucleotides

Monomers that make up nucleic acids

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10

Fatty Acids and Glycerol

The building blocks of lipids.

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