English Language Devices

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Abstract noun

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74 Terms

1

Abstract noun

Words that name things you cannot physically see or touch (something intangible)

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2

Adjective

A word that describes a noun

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3

Adverb

A word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective or verb, expressing manner, space, time or degree

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4

Alliteration

The occurrence of the same sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

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5

allusion

an indirect reference to a concept or theme without explicit mention

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6

anaphora

a word/ phrase which refers to a previously used word/ phrase

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7

antithesis

rhetorical device where contrasting concepts are placed together in a text, typically a sentence, to highlight how opposite they are

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8

archetype

the traditional/ typical idea of a concept

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9

Assonance

Resemblance of sound between syllables of nearby words, arising particularly from the rhyming of two or more stressed vowels, but not consonants.

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10

Asyndetic Listing

A list broken up by commas rather than conjunctions like 'and'

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11

Auditory imagery

Imagery pertaining to sounds, noises, music, or the sense of hearing.

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12

catalyst

a dramatic tool which is used to speed up the plot

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13

Cluster of 3

Three ideas, words or phrases, used closely, to emphasise an idea or point.

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14

Colloquial language

Informal or slang language which sounds like ordinary speech.

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15

Concrete noun

Nouns you can physically see and touch.

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16

Consonance

The recurrence of similar-sounding consonants in close proximity.

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17

Declarative sentence

A declarative sentence makes a statement and ends with a full stop. It's named appropriately because it declares or states something.

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18

Descriptive Language

Adjectives or adverbs which have been specially chosen, to help a reader see or picture what they are reading

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19

dichotomy

contrast of 2 beings that are opposed or distinctly different

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20

didactic

a moral message, meaning to give instructions

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21

dissonance

discordant combinations of sounds

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22

Direct address

This is when the text addresses the reader personally. This can be done through second person pronoun 'You'.

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23

dramatic irony

when the audience knows information the character doesn’t

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24

Dynamic verb

A verb that shows continued or progressive action on the part of a subject. They occur over a span of time.

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25

Emotive language

Words designed to make the reader feel something and have an emotional response to the text.

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26

epitome

the perfect/ ultimate embodiment of quality

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27

Exclamative sentence

A sentence type used to express surprise about something unexpected or extraordinary.

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28

Extended metaphor

Refers to a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph, or lines in a poem.

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29

Foil

A character who contrasts another.

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30

Gustatory imagery

Imagery related to the sense of taste.

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31

Hyperbole

Exaggerated statements or claims

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32

idealisation

imagining something better than it is in reality

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33

Imperative sentence

Imperative sentences are used to issue a command or instruction, make a request, or offer advice.

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34

Intensifier

A word that is used alongside an adjective to provide emphasis E.g. "very friendly" or "so bright".

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35

interjection

sudden remark, used often as an interruption or aside in the text

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36

Interrogative sentence

An interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question.

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37

Irony

A rhetorical device, literary technique, or event which appears, on the surface to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.

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38

Juxtaposition

Placement of two ideas closely together to emphasize comparison

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39

Metaphor

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

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40

Monosyllabic

A word or utterance consisting of one syllable.

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41

moral imperative

an instruction on what is right and wrong

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42

Noun

a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea

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43

Olfactory imagery

Imagery relating to odours, scents, or the sense of smell.

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44

Onomatopoeia

The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named.

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45

oxymoron

two opposing terms are placed next to each other

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46

pathetic fallacy

a kind of personification in which human emotions are projected onto nature (especially weather) often to create a mood

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47

Personification

The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.

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48

Plosives

Denoting a consonant that is produced by stopping the airflow using the lips, teeth, or palate, followed by a sudden release of air.

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49

poetic justice

normally accompanied with some sort of irony or when characters get what they deserve

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50

polysyndetic listing

listing using conjunctions such as “and”

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51

Pronoun

A word that takes the place of a noun

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52

repetition

repeating a word or phrase more than once

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53

Rhetorical Question

A question asked merely for effect with no answer expected.

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54

satire

critising/ making fun out of people/ situations through the use of humour, irony, imitation or exaggeration

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55

semantic field

group of words linked by a theme or topic throughout a text or passage

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56

Sibilance

Sibilance is a more specific type of alliteration that relies on the repetition of soft consonant sounds in words to create a hissing sound in the writing.

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57

Simile

Comparison of one thing with another thing using the words 'like' or as.

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58

Static verb

Verbs that express a state rather than an action. They usually relate to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses etc.

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59

Symbolism

The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.

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60

Synaesthesia

A technique adopted by writers to present ideas, characters, or places in such a manner that they appeal to more than one sense, like hearing, sight, smell and touch at a given time.

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61

Tactile imagery

Imagery pertaining to physical textures or the sense of touch.

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62

temporal deixis

language which references or manipulates time

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63

temporal references

Past, present, future, and references to specific times in texts

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64

tricolon

3 parallel phrases/ words placed in succession within a text, without interruption

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65

Verb

An action, state or occurance

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66

Visual imagery

Imagery pertaining to graphics, visual scenes, pictures of the sense of sight.

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67

Euphemism

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68

Motif

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69

Literary consonance

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70

Metonymy

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71

Enjambment

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72

caesura

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