Vocabulary for Humanities Unit 1: (copy)

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Homo sapiens

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Homo sapiens

Human kind

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Paleolithic age

They used basic stone and bone tools, as well as crude stone axes, for hunting birds and wild animals. (Earliest age)

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Egalitarian society

all individuals are born equal, and all members of society are said to have a right to equal opportunities.

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Fertile Crescent

a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates

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Bantu Migration

Bantu-speaking populations gradually left their original homeland of West-Central Africa and traveled to the eastern and southern regions of the continent.

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Pastoral Societies

a social group of pastoralists, whose way of life is based on pastoralism, and is typically nomadic.

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Caves of Lascaux

pice of Paleolithic Art that dates to arround 15,000 to 13,000 B.C.E

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Ziggurat

A pyramid shaped temple tower

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Sumer

The world's first civilization, founded in Mesopotamia, which existed for over 3,000 years.

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Babylon

the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia

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Hummarabi's Code

the first written code of laws (very gruesome)

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Cuneiform

A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.

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Nubia

an ancient region of northeastern Africa on the Nile; much of Nubia is now under Lake Nasser

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Pharoah

A ruler of ancient Egypt

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Queen Hatshepsut

New Kingdom ruler renowned for expanding Egyptian trade

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hieroglyphs

pictures and other written symbols that stand for ideas, things, or sounds

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bantu

a member of any of a large number of linguistically related peoples of Central and South Africa

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Harappa

a large ancient city of the Indus civilization, created in present-day Pakistan

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Aryan

Germanic people seen as the master race

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Vedas

Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.

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Vedic Age

A period in the history of India; It was a period of transition from nomadic pastoralism to settled village communities, with cattle the major form of wealth.

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Raja

a prince or king in India

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Caste system

a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity

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Jati

a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India

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Lawbook of Manu

A moral code prepared in the first century B.C.E. in India dictating the role of women in Indian society.

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Sati

The Indian custom of a widow voluntarily throwing herself on the funeral pyre of her husband.

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Lady Fu Hao

one of the many wives of King Wu Ding of the Shang dynasty and, unusually for that time, also served as a military general and high priestess

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Mandate of Heaven

a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source

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Oracle bones

The earliest known Chinese writing is found on these from ritual activity of the Shang period.

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Olmecs

These people were named the 'Rubber People', because they were surrounded by rubber trees that inhabited the land. Which Olmec cultural traditions influenced all societies of this era.

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Quipu

An arrangement of knotted strings on a cord, used by the Inca to record numerical information.

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Veneration of Ancestors

rituals designed to commemorate and venerate the spirits of one's deceased ancestors

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