PHYL-141L Exam Review #1

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Right hypochondriac region

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Health

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1

Right hypochondriac region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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2

liver and gallbladder

What organ(s) can be found in this region?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in this region?</p>
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3

Epigastric region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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4

stomach

What organ(s) can be found in this region?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in this region?</p>
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5

Left hypochondriac region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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6

spleen and diaphragm

What organ(s) can be found in this region?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in this region?</p>
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7

left lumbar region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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8

umbilical region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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9

right lumbar region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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10

small and large intestine

What organ(s) can be found in these regions?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in these regions?</p>
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11

Right iliac/inguinal region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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12

appendix and cecum

What organ(s) can be found in these regions?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in these regions?</p>
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13

Hypogastric region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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14

urinary bladder

What organ(s) can be found in these regions?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in these regions?</p>
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15

left iliac/inguinal region

What is this region called?

<p>What is this region called?</p>
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16

colon

What organ(s) can be found in these regions?

<p>What organ(s) can be found in these regions?</p>
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17

Nucleus

What holds genetic information (DNA)?

<p>What holds genetic information (DNA)?</p>
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18

cytoplasm

What contains fluid called cytosol and holds other organelles together

<p>What contains fluid called cytosol and holds other organelles together</p>
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19

plasma membrane

What has protective barrier with selected permeability?

<p>What has protective barrier with selected permeability?</p>
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20

Ribosomes

tiny bodies composed of RNA and protein. floating free or attached to the ER. site of protein synthesis

<p>tiny bodies composed of RNA and protein. floating free or attached to the ER. site of protein synthesis</p>
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21

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)

Membranous system of tubules that extends throughout the cytoplasm. two varieties: rough and smooth.

<p>Membranous system of tubules that extends throughout the cytoplasm. two varieties: rough and smooth.</p>
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22

Mitochondria

the powerhouse of cell; contains enzyme that oxides food to produce cellular energy (ATP)

<p>the powerhouse of cell; contains enzyme that oxides food to produce cellular energy (ATP)</p>
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23

cytoskeleton

provides cellular support; function in intracellular transport

<p>provides cellular support; function in intracellular transport</p>
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24

-Microfilament -Intermediate filament -microtubule

3 types of cytoskeleton (cytoskeletal elements)

<p>3 types of cytoskeleton (cytoskeletal elements)</p>
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25

Microfilament

largely of actin; contractile protein; important in cell mobility especially in muscle cells

<p>largely of actin; contractile protein; important in cell mobility especially in muscle cells</p>
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26

intermediate filament

stable element composed of a variety of proteins; resist mechanical forces acting on cell

<p>stable element composed of a variety of proteins; resist mechanical forces acting on cell</p>
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27

microtubule

form the internal structure of centrioles; help determine cell shape

<p>form the internal structure of centrioles; help determine cell shape</p>
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28

Mitosis Meiosis

Two cell division

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29

Mitosis

Production of 2 identical daughter cells through cytokinesis

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30

meiosis

Production of 4 genetically different daughter cells (only in reproductive organs)- 2 set of stages

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31

Interphase

What phase is this?

<p>What phase is this?</p>
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32

early Prophase

What phase is this?

<p>What phase is this?</p>
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33

late Prophase

What phase is this?

<p>What phase is this?</p>
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34

metaphase

What phase is this?

<p>What phase is this?</p>
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35

anaphase

What phase is this?

<p>What phase is this?</p>
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36

telophase/cytokinesis

What phase is this?

<p>What phase is this?</p>
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37

osmosis

The flow of water across a selectively permeable membrane

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38

Hypotonic solution

net water gain; cell swells

<p>net water gain; cell swells</p>
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39

Hypertonic solution

net water loss; cell shrinks

<p>net water loss; cell shrinks</p>
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40

isotonic solution

no net loss or gain

<p>no net loss or gain</p>
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41

endocytosis

transportation into cell

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42

-phagocytosis -pinocytosis -receptor-mediated endocytosis

Endocytosis: 3 Types

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43

phagocytosis

cell eating; cell engulfs material (ex: macrophages and other white blood cells)

<p>cell eating; cell engulfs material (ex: macrophages and other white blood cells)</p>
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44

pinocytosis

cell drinking; cell “gulps” drop of extracellular fluid containing dissolved molecules & is non-specific (ex: cells that line the intestines)

<p>cell drinking; cell “gulps” drop of extracellular fluid containing dissolved molecules &amp; is non-specific (ex: cells that line the intestines)</p>
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45

receptor-mediated endocytosis

specific mechanism of endocytosis that involves receptor proteins on the plasma membrane (ex: absorption of hormones, insulin, and enzymes)

<p>specific mechanism of endocytosis that involves receptor proteins on the plasma membrane (ex: absorption of hormones, insulin, and enzymes)</p>
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46

long bone

name the bone

<p>name the bone</p>
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47

radius

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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48

ulna

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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49

short bone

name the bone

<p>name the bone</p>
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50

carpal bone

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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51

flat bone

name the bone

<p>name the bone</p>
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52

parietal bone

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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53

irregular bone

name the bone

<p>name the bone</p>
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54

vertebra

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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55

sesamoid bone

name of bone

<p>name of bone</p>
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56

patella

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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57

sutural bone

name of bone

<p>name of bone</p>
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58

suture

what is this?

<p>what is this?</p>
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59

proximal epiphysis

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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60

diaphysis

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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61

distal epiphysis

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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62

spongy bone

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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63

compact bone

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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64

articular cartilage

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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65

endosteum

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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66

yellow bone marrow

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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67

compact bone

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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68

periosteum

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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69

perforating (sharpey's) fiber

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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70

nutrient arteries

this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?

<p>this is a structure of a long bone (humerus), what is this part called?</p>
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71

osteon (haversian system)

this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?

<p>this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?</p>
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72

canaliculi

this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?

<p>this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?</p>
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73

osteocyte in a lacuna

this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?

<p>this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?</p>
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74

lamellae

this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?

<p>this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?</p>
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75

central canal

this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?

<p>this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?</p>
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76

lacunae

this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?

<p>this is a microscopic structure of a compact bone, what is this part called?</p>
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77

canal or meatus

this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?</p>
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78

process

this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?</p>
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79

sinus

this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?</p>
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80

foramen

this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?</p>
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81

fissure

this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the skull, what is this?</p>
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82

head

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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83

tubercle

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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84

sulcus

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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85

tuberosity

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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86

diaphysis

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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87

trochlea

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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88

condyle

this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the humerus, what is this?</p>
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89

trochanter

this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?</p>
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90

head

this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?</p>
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91

neck

this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?</p>
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92

diaphysis

this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?</p>
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93

facet

this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?</p>
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94

condyle

this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the femur, what is this?</p>
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95

crest

this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?</p>
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96

fossa

this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?</p>
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97

line

this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?</p>
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98

spine

this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?</p>
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99

ramus

this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?

<p>this is the main surface features of the pelvis, what is this?</p>
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100

skull

this is the anterior view for the axial portion, what is this?

<p>this is the anterior view for the axial portion, what is this?</p>
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