Unit 4 Vocab Terms

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American Colonization Society (1816)

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American Colonization Society (1816)

An American organization founded in 1816 by Robert Finley to encoiurage and support the migration of freeborn blacks and emancipated slavers to the continent of Africa

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War of 1812

conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Ghent.

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Dorothea Dix

Activist who drastically changed medicinal field / an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums.

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The 2nd Great Awakening (1825-1835)

Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States

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Nullification Crisis (1812)

Enacted protective tariffs / Under Jackson. Caused by the Tariff of 1828 (taxing rate was 48%). South Carolina is not going to pay that tax. Jackson supported states rights but sends troops into South Carolina to enforce the tariff of 1828. Nullified the Force act - congress allows Jackson to send troops to South Carolina.

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Manifest Destiny

The idea that the United State sis destined by God, it advocates believed to expand the dominion and spread democracy and capitalism’s across the entire North American continent

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Whig Party (1834)

A political party n the United States during the middle of the 19th century, alongside the democratic party. 2 major parties

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Seneca Falls Convention (1848)

First’s Women’s Right Convention

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Monroe Doctrine (1823)

Best known as the U.S policy towards the Western Hemisphere / Warned European nations that the U.S would not tolerate further colonization or puppet

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Tariff of Abominations (1828)

A protective tariff pass in the early 19th century to support growing domestic industries by raising the cost of imported goods

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Frederick Douglass

Publication of his first book (American Book) and became such a powerful voice

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Judiciary Act of 1801

Expanded, federal jurisdiction, eliminated supreme court justices circuit duties and created 16 federal circuit judgeships

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Trails of Tears (1838)

A series of force displacements of approximately 60k American Indians of the five civilized tribes between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government / ethnic cleansing

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Panic of 1837

The financial crisis in the united states that touch off a major depression which lasted till the 1840s / profits prices and wages, went down

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Lowell Factory System

A labor production invented by Farris Cabot Lowell in Massachusetts by 19th century

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Indian Removal Act (1830)

authorizing the president, Andrew Jackson to grant lands west of Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing borders / American demanded for Indian nations land increased

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Missouri Compromise of 1820

admitted Missouri as a slave state of Maine as a non-slave state at the same time

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Louisiana Purchase (1803)

accusation of a territory of Louisiana by the United States from the French first republic in 1803

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Embargo Act of (1807)

legislation by the United States Congress in December 1807, that closed all U.S ports to all exports and restricted imports from Britain

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