U.S Constitution

studied byStudied by 36 people
5.0(3)
get a hint
hint

president Pro Tempore

1 / 40

Tags and Description

Vocab #1

41 Terms

1

president Pro Tempore

senate presiding officer

New cards
2

executive

branch of government headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws and policies

New cards
3

Legislative

Branch of government that makes the nation's laws

New cards
4

Judicial branch

refers to courts

New cards
5

breaking diplomatic relations

to ask a foreign country to withdraw its diplomatic official from this country

New cards
6

Quorum

minimum number of members that must be present for the H of R or Senate to vote

New cards
7

statute laws

laws passed by congress

New cards
8

immunity

members of Congress can't be sued or prosecuted for anything they say in Congress

New cards
9

Emoluments

salaries

New cards
10

revenue

income raised by the government - taxes

New cards
11

Naturalization

procedure by which a citizen of a foreign nation becomes a citizen of the US

New cards
12

eminent domain

the power of a government to take private property for public use, usually with compensation paid to the owner

New cards
13

prohibition

the act or process of forbidding something

New cards
14

repeal

to cancel an act or law

New cards
15

adjourn

to transfer to another place

New cards
16

good behaivior

judges usually serve for life or until they choose to retire

New cards
17

arms

weapons

New cards
18

Counterfeiting

illegally imitating or forging

New cards
19

extradition

a person convicted of a crime or a person accused of a crime must be returned to the state where the crime was committed

New cards
20

suffrage

the right to vote

New cards
21

due process of law

ideas that the government must follow procedures established by law and guaranteed by the constitution

New cards
22

judicial review

the right of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates the Constitution

New cards
23

ratify

to give official approval to

New cards
24

constituents

people who live in the home state and districts as their members of Congress (people who the members of Congress work for)

New cards
25

elastic clause

directs congress to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for executing all the powers of government

New cards
26

necessary and proper laws

Laws must be related to one of the 17 enumerated powers

New cards
27

poll tax

the fee that persons were required to pay in order to vote in a number of southern states

New cards
28

bail

money that an accused person provides to the court as a guarantee that he or she will be present for a trial

New cards
29

checks and balances

the system in which each branch of government has a check on the other 2 branches so that no one branch becomes too powerful

New cards
30

Habeas Corpus

"you may have the body"

New cards
31

electors

one elected to an electoral college, voter

New cards
32

privilege and immunities

rights of citizens, guarantees each state's citizens equal treatment in all states

New cards
33

pocket veto

when the president fails to sign a bill within the 10 days allowed by the Constitution. Congress must be adjourned in order for a pocket veto to take effect

New cards
34

preamble

the introduction to a formal document

New cards
35

enumerated powers

powers belonging only to the federal government

New cards
36

impeach

to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office

New cards
37

common law

basic law that was based on over 5 centuries of judicial decisions

New cards
38

double jeopardy

when you may not be tried twice for the same crime

New cards
39

amendment

a change to the constitution

New cards
40

vacancy

open position

New cards
41

veto

constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 149 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 626 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(9)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard51 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)