Poetry vocab

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Allusion

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30 Terms

1

Allusion

an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.

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2

Anadiplosis

repetition of a prominent and usually the last word in one phrase or clause at the beginning of the next (as in "rely on his honor—honor such as his?")

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3

Antithesis

a contrast or opposition between two things.

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4

Alliteration

the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

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5

Assonance

in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible

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6

Asyndeton

the omission or absence of a conjunction between parts of a sentence.

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7

Cacophony

a harsh discordant mixture of sounds.

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8

Caesura

a pause near the middle of a line.

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9

apostrophe (poetry definition)

an exclamatory passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person (typically one who is dead or absent) or thing (typically one that is personified).

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10

Chiasmus

a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form

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11

Connotation

an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.

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12

Consonance

the recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity

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13

Diction

the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing.

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14

didactic poetry

Poetry that instructs, either in terms of morals or by providing knowledge of philosophy, religion, arts, science, or skills

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15

Ellipsis

the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues.

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16

Paradox

a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true.

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17

Enjambment

the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.

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18

Epithet

an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.

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19

Personification

the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.

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20

Epistrophe

the repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences.

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21

Anaphora

the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.

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22

Euphony

the quality of being pleasing to the ear, especially through a harmonious combination of words.

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23

Hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

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24

Zeugma

a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses or to two others of which it semantically suits only one

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25

Jargon

special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand.

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26

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

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27

Oxymoron

a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

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28

Polysyndeton

the deliberate insertion of conjunctions into a sentence for the purpose of "slow[ing] up the rhythm of the prose" so as to produce "an impressively solemn note."

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29

Simile

a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid

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30

Onomatopoeia

the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named

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