GCSE HISTORY - COLD WAR 1945-1972 (dates)

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When was the Tehran conference?

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1

When was the Tehran conference?

28th November to 1st December 1943

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2

When was the Yalta conference?

4th December to 11th February 1945

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3

When did Roosevelt die?

12th April 1945

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4

When did Hitler kill himself?

30th April 1945

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5

When did Germany surrender?

8th May 1945

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6

When was the Potsdam conference?

17th July to August 2nd 1945

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7

When was the bombing of Hiroshima?

6th August 1945

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8

When was the bombing of Nagasaki?

9th August 1945

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9

When did Japan surrender?

14th August 1945

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10

In what year were the secret telegrams?

1946

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11

When did Churchill give the Iron Curtain speech?

5th March 1946

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12

When was the Truman Doctrine put in place?

12th March 1947

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13

When was the Marshall Plan put in place?

5th June 1947

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14

When was cominform set up?

5th October 1947

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15

When was comecon set up?

25th January 1949

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16

When was NATO formed?

4th April 1949

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17

When was the Warsaw Pact formed?

14th May 1955

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18

In what years was the Berlin Blockade?

1948 to 1949

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19

When was Bizonia created?

29th May 1947

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20

When was Trizonia created?

1st August 1948

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21

When was the Deutschmark introduced to Bizonia?

23rd June 1948

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22

When did Stalin start the Berlin Blockade?

24th June 1948

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23

When did the airlift into Berlin begin?

26th June 1948

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24

When did Stalin call of the blockade?

May 1949

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25

In what years was the Korean War?

1950 to 1953

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26

When did North Korea invade South Korea?

25th June 1950

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27

When did the US send troops to help South Korea?

July 1950

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28

When did China invade Korea?

October 1950

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29

When did the Korean war end in a stalemate with the Korean Armistice being signed?

27th July 1953

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30

When did Vietnam become independent?

1945

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31

When did Vietnam split into North and South?

1954

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32

When was the Tet offensive?

January 1968

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33

When was the ceasefire (Vietnam war) signed in Paris?

1973

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34

When did Mao Zedong announce the founding of the People's Republic of China?

1949

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35

When was the Sino-Soviet treaty signed?

14th February 1950

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36

When did the USSR successfully launch Sputnik 1?

4th October 1957

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37

When did the Russian Yuri Gagarin become the first man in space?

12th April 1961

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38

When did Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first men to walk the moon?

20th July 1969

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39

In what year was the Manhattan project?

1942

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40

When did the USSR create an atom bomb?

August 1949

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41

When did the USA develop the hydrogen bomb?

November 1952

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42

When did Stalin die?

March 1953

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43

In what year did Khrushchev take power?

1955

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44

When was the Geneva summit?

July 1955

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45

In what year did the process of de-stalinisation begin?

1956

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46

When was the hardline Stalinist Rakosi get removed after protests in Hungary?

July 1956

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47

When were the protests demanding that Nagy becomes leader?

October 1956

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48

When was a statue of Stalin pulled down by protesters in Budapest?

23rd October 1956

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49

When did Nagy become leader?

24th October 1956

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50

When did Soviet troops leave Hungary and Krushchev allowed Nagy to be leader?

28th October 1956

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51

When did Nagy say that Hungary will leave the Warsaw Pact?

3rd November 1956

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52

When did Soviet troops enter Budapest with 1000 tanks and 20000 Hungarians were killed, with Nagy being replaced by the hardline Kadar?

4th November 1956

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53

When did Khrushchev denounce Stalin's policies?

1956

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54

When did Khrushchev say the death of Rajk was an injustice and reinstate Nagy as leader, replacing Rakosi?

1956

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55

When were 1000 tanks sent into Hungary by the Red Army?

4th November 1956

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56

In what year did the U2 planes start flying?

1956

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57

When was Gary Powers shot down in the U2 spy plane?

1st May 1960

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58

When was the Berlin Wall put up?

13th August 1961

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59

When did Soviet tanks pull up to Checkpoint Charlie (Berlin Wall) and refuse to allow access to the East?

27th October 1961

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60

When did Batista's army try to fight Fidel Castro in the Sierra Maestra mountains?

July 1958

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61

When did Castro enter the Cuban capital, Havana?

8th January 1959

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62

When did JFK break off relations with Cuba?

January 1961

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63

When was the Bay of Pigs?

April 1961

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64

When was JFK informed of the missile build up in Cuba?

16th October 1962

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65

When did JFK decide on a blockade of Cuba?

20th October 1962

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66

When did Kennedy announce the blockade of Cuba and call on the Soviet Union to withdraw its missiles?

22nd October 1962

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67

When did JFK receive a letter from Khrushchev saying that Soviet ships would not observe the blockade?

23rd October 1962

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68

When did the Cuban blockade begin?

24th October 1962

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69

When did JFK receive a letter from Khrushchev saying that the missiles were purely defensive?

26th October 1962

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70

When did JFK receive a letter from Khrushchev revising his proposals saying that if the US removes the missiles from Turkey, the USSR would remove the missiles from Cuba? (an American U2 plane is shot down over Cuba. JFK is advised to launch an attack)

a.m. 27th October 1962

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71

When did JFK decide to delay the attack on Cuba? (he accepts terms of Khrushchev from 26th Oct letter)

p.m. 27th October 1962

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72

When did Khrushchev accept JFK's offer?

28th October 1962

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73

When did Kennedy announce the end of the Cuban missile crisis?

28th October 1962

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