Chapter 1: A Sociology Experiment (Introduction)

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41 Terms
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One

It took most of human history for us to reach a human population of _____ billion

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Marx

Believed owning slaves was incompatible with capitalism

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Labor

The only thing workers own in a capitalist economy

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Structure

Forces that impact our behavior and are produced by that behavior

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Slavery

DuBois thought this supported the growth of capitalism

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Sociology

The study of how societies are organized and influence behavior

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Smith

Argued that specialization of labor was essential to the wealth of nations

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Individual

Weber argued we should put this at the center of our social analysis

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Solidarity

Patterns of connections in a society

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Structural

Durkheim focused on these properties of society

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Economic

According to Marx, these types of relationships were the cause of conflict

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Capitalists

The group that owns factories and other means of producing goods

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Poverty

Addams' work brought attention to this social problem

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Mechanical

We'd expect a small village to have this pattern of connections

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Wages

Factory owners want to reduce this so they accumulate more wealth themselves

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Organic

The pattern of connections that emerges in more complex societies

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Mills

Coined the term "sociological imagination"

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Technological

These types of changes enabled the Industrial Revolution

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Women

Addams was one of the first scholars to study the experiences of this group

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Granovetter

He argued that people act differently as a group than they do as individuals

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Data

What science relies on to test whether our views of the world are correct.

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Norms

Expectations for behavior

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Weber

Focused on the role of culture in understanding human behavior

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Status

Social standing in relation to others

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Calvinism

Weber thought this cultural belief helped capitalism develop

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Class

Marx viewed this type of conflict defines a capitalist economy

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Durkheim

Scholar who wanted sociology to follow scientific methods

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Regulation

The idea that all groups have rules

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Anomie

A situation in which there are no clear expectations for social behavior

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Psychological

Type of non-economic reward or wage, such as admiration or prestige

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Disease

Riots can be viewed as a _____ that spreads through a population

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Integration

How tied you are to other people

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Manufacturing

The Industrial Revolution involved the rapid development of this

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Relational

Type of sociology that sees individuals as defined by their relationships with others

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Control

Workers generally want more of this at work

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Interpretive

Type of sociology that focuses on the meanings we give to our actions

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Division of Labor

Specialization into different jobs

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Alienation

A feeling of disconnection from others or our social environment

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Dependent

In a city, workers specialize and become more _____ on one another

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Eight

_____ thousand families owned the majority of slaves in the South

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Race

DuBois was one of the first scholars to seriously study this topic

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