english 10 honors- VOCABULARY final review

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Tags and Description

final on 5/23

40 Terms

1

allocate

to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute

synonyms: assign, allot, distribute

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2

ardent

very enthusiastic, impassioned

synonyms: intense, fervent, avid

antonyms: indifferent, stolid, phlegmatic, apathetic

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3

assiduous

persistent, attentive, diligent

synonyms: industrious, unremitting, sedulous

antonyms: lazy, lackadaisical, shiftless

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4

brash

prone to act in a hasty manner; impudent

synonyms: rash, impetuous, brazen

antonyms: prudent, wary, circumspect

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5

capricious

subject to whims or passing fancies

synonyms: impulsive, fickle, unpredictable, mercurial

antonyms: constant, steady, unwavering

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6

chastise

to inflict physical punishment as a means of correction; to scold severly

synonyms: discipline, censure

antonyms: commend, reward

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7

copious

abudant; plentiful; wordy, verbose

synonyms: ample, profuse, bountiful

antonyms: inadequate, meagr, scanty, conscise

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8

deviate

(v) to turn aside; to stray from a norm (n) one who departs from a norm; (adj) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional

synonyms: diverge, veer, swerve

antonyms: conform to, abide by; (adj) orthodox

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9

emaciated

unnaturally thin

synonyms: withered, shriveled

antonyms: plump, obese, corpulent

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10

exult

to rejoice greatly

synonyms: revel, glory

antonyms: mope, sulk, regret, rue, lament

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11

gnarled

knotted, twisted, lumpy

synonyms: knotty, misshapen, contorted

antonyms: smooth, unblemished, straight

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12

indemnity

a payment for damage or loss

synonyms: compensation, reparation

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13

inkling

a hint; a vague notion

synonyms: clue, intimation, suggestion

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14

limpid

clear, transparent; readily understood

synonyms: lucid, intelligible

antonyms: murky, opaque

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15

omnipotent

almighty, having unlimited power or authority

synonyms: all powerful

antonyms: powerless, impotent, weak

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16

palatable

agreeable to the taste or one’s sensibilities; suitable for consumption

synonyms: edible, appetizing, attractive

antonyms: inedible, distasteful, disagreeable

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17

poignant

deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell

synonyms: heartrending, melancholy

antonyms: unaffecting, bland, vapid, insipid, funny

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18

rancor

bitter resentment or ill-will

synonyms: animosity, enmity, bitterness

antonyms: goodwill, harmony, rapport, amity

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19

sophomoric

immature and overconfident; conceited

synonyms: pretentious, superficial, fatuous

antonyms: mature, judicious, k

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20

spontaneous

arising naturally; not planned or engineered in advance

synonyms: unpremeditated, unplanned, impromtu

antonyms: premeditated, planned, contrived

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21

acquiesce

to accept without protest; to agree or submit

synonyms: comply with, accede, consent, yield

antonyms: resist, protest

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22

allure

(v) to entice, tempt; to be attractive to; (n) a strong attraction; the power to attract, charm

synonyms: (v) beguile, tantalize (n) temptation, enticement

antonyms: (v) repel, turn off (n) repellent

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23

askew

twisted to ne side, crooked; disapprovingly

synonyms: awry, lopsided, cockeyed

antonyms: straight, symmetrical

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24

blithe

cheerful, lighthearted; casual, unconcerned

synonyms: carefree, nonchalant, indifferent

antonyms: glum, mororse, despondent, depressed

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25

contentious

quarrelsome, inclined to argue

synonyms: argumentative, disputatious, combative

antonyms: agreeable, amiable, affable, pacific

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26

covet

to desire something belonging to another

synonyms: carve, yearn for, hunger for

antonyms: disdain, scorn, despise

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27

crestfallen

discouraged, dejected, downcast

synonyms: despondent, disconsolate

antonyms: elated, cheerful, self-satisfied, cocky

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28

disheveled

rumpled, mussed; hanging in disorder

synonyms: untidy, disarranged, tousled

antonyms: tidy, well-groomed

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29

exponent

(n) one who advocates, speaks for, explains, or interprets; (math) the power to which a number, symbol, or expression is to be raised

synonyms: defender, champion, interpreter

antonyms: critic, adversary, faultfinder, detractor

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30

garrulous

given to much talking, tediously chatty

synonyms: talkative, loquacious

antonyms: reticent, mum, taciturn, laconic

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31

insuperable

incapable of being overcome

synonyms: invincible, insurmountable

antonyms: surmountable, conquerable

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32

lamentable

to be regretted or pitied

synonyms: deplorable, regrettable, distressing

antonyms: praiseworthy, commendable, laudable

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33

misnomer

an unsuitable or misleading name

synonyms: misnaming, malapropism

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34

profess

to affirm openly; to state belief in; to claim, pretend

synonyms: assert, proclaim, purport

antonyms: disclaim, disavow, repudiate

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35

respite

a period of relief or rest

synonyms: interval, intermission, lull, breather

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36

retribution

a repayment; a deserved punishment

synonyms: recompense, requital, just deserts

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37

sinuous

winding, having many curves; lithe and flexible

synonyms: twisting, convoluted, supple

antonyms: direct, unbending, stiff, rigid

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38

sonorous

full, deep, or rich in sound; impressive in style

synonyms: resonant, resounding, grandiloquent

antonyms: tinny, reedy, harsh, grating

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39

vanguard

the foremost part of an army; the leading position in any field

synonyms: forefront, cutting edge, trailblazers

antonyms: rear guard, stragglers, laggards

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40

wastrel

a wasteful person, spendthrift; a good-for-nothing

synonyms: loafer, idler, profligate

antonyms: skinflint, tightwad

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