world geo- midterm

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longitude

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12/14/22

252 Terms

1

longitude

the Prime Meridian is a line of _______

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2

latitude

the equator is a line of ________

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3

parallels

lines of latitude are also known as _________

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4

meridians

lines of longitude are also known as _________

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5

east, west, north, south

lines of latitude run ______ to ______ and measure degrees _________ and ________

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6

north, south, east, and west

lines of longitude run _______ to _________ and measure degrees _________ and _________

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7

0-90

lines of latitude measure distance ____-____°

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8

0-180

lines of longitude measure distance ____-____°

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9

90

the north pole is at ______°N

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10

90

the south pole is at ___°S

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11

23.5, N

the Tropic of Cancer is at __°

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12

23.5, S

the Tropic of Capricorn is at _°

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13

location, place, region, movement, human-environment interaction

what are the 5 themes of geography?

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14

absolute location

the exact location of a place on Earth

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15

relative location

Gives the location of a place in relation to another

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16

human, physical

place has both _____ and ________ characteristics

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17

human characteristics

in a place - the human-made parts of life

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18

physical characteristics

in a place - the natural parts of earth

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19

movement

How people, place, and ideas can move

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20

region

An area that is grouped together based on common characteristics

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21

Human Environment Interaction

How humans adapt and interact with their environment

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22

adapt, depend, modify

what are the three types of human environment interaction?

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23

physical map

TYPES OF MAPS:shows the topography of a location

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24

thematic map

TYPES OF MAPS:shows the theme of a map

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25

political map

TYPES OF MAPS:shows the human-made features of a location

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26

flow-line map

TYPES OF MAPS:illustrates the movement of people, goods, animals, or ideas

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27

mental map

TYPES OF MAPS:drawn map of someone's perception of a place

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28

title

PARTS OF A MAP:tells the content of a map

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29

key/legend

PARTS OF A MAP:describes the meaning of symbols on a map

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30

compass rose

PARTS OF A MAP:shows direction on a map

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31

north, south, east, west

what are the cardinal directions?

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32

Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

what are the intermediate directions?

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33

map projections

cause distortions on a map (affects size, shape, distance, area, direction)

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34

geo-literacy

Pattern in which a geographer will find an answer to a question

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35

plate tectonics

The physical processes that create many of the Earth's physical features

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36

1

plates move about ___ inch per year

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37

pangea

Name of the large, single continent

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38

continental drift

Millions of years ago the Earth was one large continent that eventually divided and slowly drifted apart

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39

convergent

PLATE BOUNDARIES:two plates collides and push land upward creating mountains

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40

subduction

PLATE BOUNDARIES: plates slide underneath each other forming volcanoes and earthquakes

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41

divergent

PLATE BOUNDARIES:plates move apart and magma moves up through the cracks forming new crust

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42

transform

PLATE BOUNDARIES:plates slide past each other creating a crack and causing earthquakes

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43

weathering

Breaks down rock into smaller pieces called settlement

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44

erosion

A slow process that occurs when materials are moved by wind, water, or ice

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45

mechanical

TYPES OF WEATHERING:-construction, minimg, or drilling-tree roots that split concrete

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46

chemical

TYPES OF WEATHERING:change in composition of a rock

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47

wind erosion

TYPES OF EROSION:-Transport sediments to a new location-Landforms and dunes can be formed

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48

water erosion

TYPES OF EROSION:washes away landscapes such as beaches and coastal regions

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49

earthquakes

Sudden violent movement of tectonic plates along fault lines

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50

Volcanoes

Mountains formed by lava, or magma, which breaks through the Earth's crust

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51

ring of fire

One of the most prone areas on Earth for tectonic activity

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52

hydrosphere

FOUR SPHERES:the watery areas of earth such as oceans and lakes

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53

lithosphere

FOUR SPHERES:the uppermost layer of earth, the rocky portions such as mountains and volcanos

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54

atmosphere

FOUR SPHERES:a layer of gas that surrounds the earth containing the air we breathe and protecting us from radiation

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55

biosphere

FOUR SPHERES:the part of earth where life exists that is made up of the hydrosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere

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56

core

the innermost layer of the Earth made up of a super-hot but solid inner core and a super-hot liquid outer core

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57

solid

the inner core is a ______

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58

liquid

the outer core is a ______ that surrounds the inner core

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59

mantle

a thick middle layer of the Earth's interior structure consisting of hot rock that is dense but flexible and drives earth's movement

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60

crust

The outer layer of the Earth, a hard rocky shell forming the Earth's surface

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61

east, west

Earth rotates around its axis from __________ to _______

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62

23.5

Axis runs from the north to the south pole at a _____ degree tilt

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63

24

A full rotation takes ____ hours and directly affects night and day

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64

revolution

______ is the Earth's yearly trip around the sun

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65

365¼

revolution takes _______ days to travel around the sun

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66

solstice

Day in which the Sun is directly above the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn

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67

summer, winter

the solstice begins ______ or ______

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68

equinox

Day in which the Sun is directly above the Equator

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69

day, night

the equinox makes ______ and _______ equal

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70

spring, fall

the equinox begins _____ or ______

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71

leeward

the rain shadow effect causes dryness on the ______ side of the mountain

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72

trade, prevailing

the rain shadow effect is caused by ______ and _____ winds

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73

low/tropical

ZONES OF LATITUDE:lies between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

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74

low/tropical

ZONES OF LATITUDE:between 0-30 degrees North and South of the equator

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75

mid/temperate

ZONES OF LATITUDE:lies between the tropics and the poles

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76

mid/temperate

ZONES OF LATITUDE:lies between 30-60 degrees north and south

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77

high/polar

ZONES OF LATITUDE:encircles the north and south pole

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78

high/polar

ZONES OF LATITUDE:between 60-90 degrees

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79

diagonally

wind patterns blow ______ due to Earth's tilt and rotation from west to east

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80

Coriolis effect

Wind and air curves as it goes across Earth's surface

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81

trade winds

WIND PATTERNS:prevailing winds in low latitudes

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82

westerlies

WIND PATTERNS:prevailing winds in mid-latitudes

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83

easterlies

WIND PATTERNS:winds found at the poles

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84

poles

warm water flows toward the ______

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85

equator

cool water flows toward the _________

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86

weather

The condition of the atmosphere at a specific location and time

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87

climate

Weather conditions over a long period

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88

global warming

The gradual heating of Earth's surface that is caused by humans

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89

greenhouse effect

A natural process of the Earth regulating its temperature

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90

greenhouse effect

climate change is caused by the ________

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91

culture

The way of life of a group of people

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92

learned behavior

culture is a ________

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93

culture

Blueprint of how a person is supposed to behave to be in that group

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94

language

How people communicate information and experiences

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95

monotheistic

belief in one God

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96

polytheistic

belief in multiple gods

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97

traditional

belief in nature

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98

christianity, judaism, islam, hinduism, buddhism

what are the 5 major world religions?

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99

Christianity, Islam, Judaism

What are the 3 monotheistic world religions?

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100

Christianity

WORLD RELIGIONS:savior - Jesus

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