Period 5 Gov Test

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The three levels of government are:

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The three levels of government are:

Judicial, Executive, Legislative

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The legislative branch is represented by:

Congress

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Congress consists of:

Senate and House of Representatives

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The people congressmen represent are:

Constituent

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Which can the legislative branch do?

Power to make laws

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The judicial branch is represented by:

Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts, and Special Courts

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The executive branch is represented by:

president, executive departments, executive offices, and independent federal agencies.

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What can the executive branch do?

Power to carry out or enforce the laws and to direct foreign policy.

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How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

nine; including the Chief Justice

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What can the judicial branch do?

Power to see that the laws and the manner of their enforcement conform to the Constitution

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What is a check the executive branch has over the legislative branch?

The president can veto laws the legislative branch makes with a Presidential Veto.

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What is a check the legislative branch has over the executive branch?

The legislative branch can override a veto with enough votes.

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What is a check the judicial branch has over the legislative branch?

The judicial branch can declare laws unconstitutional.

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What is a check the legislative branch has over the judicial branch?

The legislative branch confirms the president's nominations for judicial positions.

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What is a pocket veto?

An indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative sessions.

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How many electoral votes are needed to win the presidency?

270/538

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Who was the first president to be impeached?

Andrew Johnson

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What do executive orders do?

Clarify existing laws and direct administrative agencies

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How can executive orders be blocked?

By congress passing a bill to neutralize it or by the supreme court deeming it unconstitutional.

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Who was the first president to resign?

Richard Nixon

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What article in the constitution deals with the executive branch?

Article 2; states that the president is responsible for and in charge of enforcing laws made by congress.

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How many executive cabinets are there?

15

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How many presidents have been protestant christian?

All but one

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Why was the 22nd amendment created?

limit the number of times someone could be elected or serve as president. (FDR was elected 4 times)

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What powers does the legislative branch have?

Makes all laws, declares war, regulated interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies.

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How many times has congress declared war since 1941?

0

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What amendment allowed for U.S. Senators to be voted by direct voters?

17th Amendment

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How many Senate members are allowed per state?

2

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Each senator is elected to office for a period of how many years?

6 years

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True or False: congress has the power to change its size

True

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How many seats does the House of Representatives and the Senate have?

House of Representatives has 435 seats, while the senate has 100

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How many seats do the three classes of the Senate have?

Classes 1 and 2 have 33 seats, and class 3 has 34 seats.

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What fraction of the Senate must agree to reach a supermajority?

2/3 (67 senators)

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When does the Senate convene a new "congress"?

Every 2 years

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What was considered the first landmark supreme court case?

Marbury v. Madison (1803): Marshall held that the Supreme Court could overturn a law passed by Congress if it violated the Constitution, legally cementing the power of judicial review.

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How long are supreme court justice terms?

They never end; Judges can serve until they are either impeached or retired.

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What is the average level of education for a supreme court justice?

Some sort of education in law

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Do state courts set the precedent for each state's constitutions?

The constitution and laws of each state establish the state courts.

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Who determines the number of supreme court judges?

Congress

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What are the three ways a federal supreme court judge can be removed from their postition?

Retirement, death, and impeachment

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Who is the current Chief Justice?

John Roberts

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What was important about Plessy v. Ferguson?

Enshrined the doctrine of “separate but equal” as a constitutional justification for segregation

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True or False: Supreme Court justices can’t be impeached.

False

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Who was the latest justice nominated to the court?

Ketanji Brown Jackson

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What is Federalism?

The decision of the Founders to split power between state and national governments.

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What are checks and balances?

A system to prevent the concentration of power in one branch or one individual.

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