Keystone Preparation

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Authors Purpose

1 / 121

Tags and Description

122 Terms

1

Authors Purpose

What’s the authors opinion?

What info did they include/leave put?

Was that on purpose?

What’s the connotation of the authors word choice?

What’s the overall tone?

New cards
2

Figurative Language

Tools or techniques that writers use to make their writing more interesting or easier to understand.

New cards
3

Purpose of Figurative Language

To explain abstract emotions such as love, grief, envy and happiness

New cards
4

Fiction vs. Nonfiction

Fiction is from Imagination, while nonfiction is based on facts.

New cards
5

Purpose of Personification

Gives human-like characteristics to non-human like things to help the reader relate to and better understand the text. Makes the text more engaging for the reader.

New cards
6

Purpose of Allusion

Making reference to something in order to make a comparison. The author uses this to make the text more understandable and relatable.

New cards
7

Purpose of Metaphor

Helps the readers understand, pay attention, and remember messages. Doesn’t use like or as.

New cards
8

Purpose of Flashbacks

This gives the readers insight into the characters history/background that provide more context for the story. Adds more plot to the story.

New cards
9

Purpose of Simile

A comparison using like or as. Used to compare different nouns. Makes text more interesting.

New cards
10

Purpose of Foreshadowing

Hints as to what will happen later in the plot. To create suspense and tension. Keeps the reader engaged. Reader ego boost.

New cards
11

Purpose of Satire

The usage of exaggeration to criticize. Readers can understand the purpose of the story through the authors opinion.

New cards
12

Purpose of Hyperbole

An exaggeration or overstatement. Not meant to be taken seriously. Used to get a point across.

New cards
13

Purpose of Imagery

Helps convey an image in the readers mind. Makes the story more captivating and engaging.

New cards
14

Purpose of Irony

Serve as a way to teach lessons. Adds humor or can create tension. Makes the text more re

New cards
15

Keystone Exam: Constructed Response Grading

  • CCARS - Clear, Consistent, Accurate, Relevant, Specific

  • ANSWER THE PROMPT

  • Identify the two pieces/elements that need to be answered

  • Include reference to TWO pieces of evidence

  • Thesis statement is 1st sentence

  • One paragraph

New cards
16

Main Idea

The central point or thought the author wants to communicate to readers.

The key information.

New cards
17

How to find the main idea

  • Find the topic

  • Ask yourself: “What does the author want me to know about the topic?” or “What is the author

    teaching me about the topic?”

  • Use these clues:

    1- Read the first and last sentences of the paragraph

    2- Pay attention to any idea that is repeated in different ways

    3- Look for a sentence that states the main idea

    4- Look for reversal transitions at the beginning of sentences

    5- At times the main idea will not be stated directly

    6- Once you feel sure that you have found the main idea, test it

New cards
18

Connotation

The feeling a word evokes

The way a word feels

Help understand the tone of a passage

New cards
19

Denotation

dictionary definition of a word, literal

New cards
20

Main Idea vs Theme

The main idea is what the book is mostly about. The theme is the message, lesson, or moral of a book.

New cards
21

Satire

  • A joke but used to as commentary

  • Use to highlight comedy/humor AND social activism

  • Satire is the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice or folly

  • Poking fun in order to provide humor while also criticizing the object to evoke change

New cards
22

Purpose of Satire

Promote change THROUGH comedy

New cards
23

Affix

One or more letters occurring as a bound form attached to the beginning, end, or base of a word and serving to produce a derivative word or an inflectional form (e.g., a prefix or suffix).

New cards
24

Allegory

A form of extended metaphor in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning may have moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas such as charity, greed, or envy.

New cards
25

Alliteration

The repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words. initial sounds in neighboring words

New cards
26

Allusion

An implied or indirect reference in literature to a familiar person, place, or event

New cards
27

Analysis

The process or result of identifying the parts of a whole and their relationships to one another.

New cards
28

Antonym

A word that is the opposite in meaning to another word

New cards
29

Argument/Position

The position or claim the author establishes. Arguments should be supported with valid evidence and reasoning and balanced by the inclusion of counterarguments that illustrate opposing viewpoints.

New cards
30

Bias

The subtle presence of a positive or negative approach toward a topic.

New cards
31

Biography

A written account of another person's life.

New cards
32

Character

A person, animal or inanimate object portrayed in a literary work.

New cards
33

Characterization

The method an author uses to reveal characters and their various traits and personalities(e.g., direct, indirect).

New cards
34

Climax

The turning point in a narrative; the moment when the conflict is at its most intense. Typically, the structure of stories, novels, and plays is one of rising action, in which tension builds to the climax.

New cards
35

Compare/Contrast

Place together characters, situations, or ideas to show common and/or differing features in literary selections.

New cards
36

Conflict/Problem

A struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions.

New cards
37

Context clues

Words and phrases in a sentence, paragraph, and/or whole text, which help reason out the meaning of an unfamiliar word.

New cards
38

Cultural Significance

The generally accepted importance of a work representing a given culture.

New cards
39

Defense of a claim

Support provided to mark an assertion as reasonable.

New cards
40

Dialect

Support provided to mark an assertion as reasonable.

New cards
41

Dialogue

New cards
42

Diction

New cards
43

Differentiate

New cards
44

Drama

New cards
45

Dramatic script

New cards
46

Rhyming pattern

The pattern of sounds that repeats at the end of a line or stanza

New cards
47

Meter

Describes the rhythm (or pattern of beats) in a line of poetry.

New cards
48

Prose

Any written work that follows a basic grammatical structure

New cards
49

Stanza

A group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse

New cards
50

Syntax

The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language

New cards
51

Free verse

Poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter

New cards
52

Sonnet

A poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line

New cards
53

Ballad

A verse form consisting of three main stanzas and one concluding stanza called an envoi, each of which culminates in a repeated last line

New cards
54

Heroic couplet

A pair of rhyming iambic pentameters, much used by Chaucer and the poets of the 17th and 18th centuries such as Alexander Pope.

New cards
55

Draw Conclusion

New cards
56

Elements of fiction

New cards
57

Elements of nonfiction

New cards
58

Evaluate

New cards
59

Explain

New cards
60

Explicit

New cards
61

Exposition

New cards
62

Fact

New cards
63

Falling action

New cards
64

Fiction

New cards
65

First person

New cards
66

Flashback

New cards
67

Focus

New cards
68

Foreshadowing

New cards
69

Generalization

New cards
70

Genre

New cards
71

Headings, Graphics, and Charts

New cards
72

Hyperbole

New cards
73

Imagery

New cards
74

Implict

New cards
75

Inference

New cards
76

Informational Text

New cards
77

Interpret

New cards
78

Irony

New cards
79

Key/Supporting Details

New cards
80

Key Words

New cards
81

Literary Device

New cards
82

Literary element

New cards
83

Literary form

New cards
84

Literary movement

New cards
85

literary nonfiction

New cards
86

main idea

New cards
87

metaphor

New cards
88

monologue

New cards
89

mood

New cards
90

motif

New cards
91

multiple meaning words

New cards
92

narrative

New cards
93

narrator

New cards
94

nonfiction

New cards
95

opinion

New cards
96

personification

New cards
97

plot

New cards
98

POV

New cards
99

prefix

New cards
100

propaganda

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 31 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard87 terms
studied byStudied by 64 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard61 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard57 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)