Chapter 1

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110 Terms

1

I roman numeral value

stands for one

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2

V roman numeral value

stands for five

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3

X roman numeral value

stands for ten

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4

L roman numeral value

stants for fifty

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5

C roman numeral value

stands for one hundred

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6

D roman numeral value

stands for five hundred

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7

M roman numeral value

stands for one thousand

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8

I roman numeral arabic value

1

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9

II roman numeral arabic value

2

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10

III roman numeral arabic value

3

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11

IV roman numeral arabic value

4

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12

V roman numeral arabic value

5

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13

VI roman numeral arabic value

6

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14

VII roman numeral arabic value

7

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15

VIII roman numeral arabic value

8

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16

IX roman numeral arabic value

9

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17

X roman numeral arabic value

10

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18

XIX roman numeral arabic value

19

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19

XX roman numeral arabic value

20

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20

XXII roman numeral arabic value

22

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21

XXIV roman numeral arabic value

24

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22

XXVIII roman numeral arabic value

28

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23

XXX roman numeral arabic value

30

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24

XXXII roman numeral arabic value

32

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25

XXXIII roman numeral arabic value

33

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26

XXXIV roman numeral arabic value

34

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27

XL roman numeral arabic value

40

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28

XLIII roman numeral arabic value

43

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29

XLIV roman numeral arabic value

44

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30

L roman numeral arabic value

50

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31

LX roman numeral arabic value

60

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32

LXX roman numeral arabic value

70

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33

LXXX roman numeral arabic value

80

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34

XC roman numeral arabic value

90

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35

C roman numeral arabic value

100

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36

D roman numeral arabic value

500

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37

M roman numeral arabic value

1,000

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38

what is the mean in A:B=C:D

B and C

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39

what is the extreme in A:B=C:D

A and D

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40

Antibiotic

A substance that harms or kills micro organisms, like bacteria and fungi

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41

Antitoxin

A substance that acts against a toxin in the body

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42

Data

Information that is entered into and stored in a computer system

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43

Hormones

Chemicals produced by the body that regulate body functions in processes

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44

Human genome

The complete set of genetic material contained in a human cell

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45

Materia medica

Generally pharmacology but also refers to the drugs in use

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46

Panacea

A cure all

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47

Pharmaceutics

Of or about drugs also a drug product

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48

Pharmacology

The study of drugs

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49

Synthetic

Combining simpler chemicals into more complex ones, creating a new chemical not found in nature

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50

The first physician known by name was

Imhotep

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51

Hippocrates approach to medicine was based on

Careful observation

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52

The ancient Greek goddess of medicinal herbs was

Panacea

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53

Aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of the

White willow tree

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54

What was the first effective local Anesthetic

Cocaine

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55

The pharmaceutical manufacturing industry devote about… Of its income to research and development

1/6

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56

What protects against illegal? Copying of new discoveries

Patenting

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57

The FDA is required to

Monitor a drug for any adverse effects

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58

The length of time, from the beginning of development of a new drug to the FDA approval is often more than

Ten years

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59

Who showed that heat can be used to kill microorganism is associated with food spoilage

Pasteur

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60

Who discovered penicillin can kill some bacteria

Fleming

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61

The area of greatest employment for pharmacists is

Community pharmacies

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62

to become a pharmacist in the United States…

An individual must graduate from an accredited college of pharmacy, pass a licensing exam and perform experiential training working under a licensed pharmacist

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63

Medicare modernization act (MMA) expanded the role of the pharmacist to

MTM services

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64

Pharmacy computer systems generally offer

Labeling, pricing, prescriber profile

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65

Another name for aspirin is

Acetylsalicylic acid

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66

Digitalis is used to treat

Heart disease

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67

Progesterone is used for

Birth control

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68

Penicillin is

An antibiotic

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69

Insulin lowers

Blood sugar

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70

Gardasil is

A vaccine

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71

Another name for procaine Is

Novocain

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72

The law that requires pharmacist to provide counseling services to Medicaid patients is the

Omnibus budget reconciliation act

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73

MTM services are associated with which law

Medicare modernization act (MMA)

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74

sumerians living between the tigris and euphrates rivers around 4,000 B.C. believed that…..

demons were the cause of illness

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75

in many cultures physicians were…

priests and sometimes considered gods or demigods

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76

when and where was the active ingredient in the willow bark derived by chemists

1800s in the mediterranean

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77

what was the deadliest disease in the world

malaria

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78

what was the treatment for malaria

quinine made from the bark of the peruvian cinchona tree

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79

what was the name for the treatment of malaria

jesuit’s powder

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80

the indians of andes chewed…

coco leaves for their medicinal effects which included increased endurance

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81

what year was cocaine shown to be the first effective local anesthetic

1884

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82

who discovered that cocaine was an effective local anesthetic

carl koller, a vietnamese surgeon

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83

how many natural medications derived from plants did ancient Sumerians use

about 250, many of which are still used in present time

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84

what year did the chinese emperor Shen Nung begin eating plants and other natural materials to determine which were poisonous and which were beneficial

around 3,000 B.C.

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85

who was the first known practitioner of trial and error drug testing

chinese emperor Shen Nung

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86

how many herbs did chinese emperor Shen Nung establish that could be used in health treatments and herbal medicine

365

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87

true or false: herbal medicine remains a major component of chinese medicine today

true

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88

in what year did the indian physician Charaka write the Charaka Samhita

100 A.D.

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89

how many herbal drugs were described in the Charaka Samhita

over 500 herbal drugs, these have also been known and used in India for many centuries

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90

who was the greatest Islamic physician

Avicenna

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91

What caused Avicenna to become the greatest Islamic physician

wrote a five volume encyclopedia, one volume of which devoted to natural medications and another to compounding drugs from individual medications

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92

in what year did the Indians of Mexico have a well established pharmacology

by 1500, they had more than 1,200 drugs which was clearly a result of hundreds of years of medical practice

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93

which plant became popular in Europe for kidney and bladder alignments

the sarsaparilla

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94

what year did the British physician William Withering publish his study

1785

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95

what is British physicians William Withering’s study

the foxglove plant and the drug it contained, digitalis

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96

foxglove had been used since ancient times in various remedies but…

Withering described a process for creating the drug from the dried leaves of the plant and established a dosage approach

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97

what year was the hormone progesterone created

1943

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98

who discovered the hormone progesterone

Russell Marker

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99

progesterone….

was the first reliable birth control from a species of Mexican yam

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100

what year did Alexander Fleming discover a fungus that produced a chemical that kills bacteria

1928

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