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silk roads

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40 Terms

1

silk roads

trading route bringing luxury goods from Asia to Europe

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2

crusades

series of military campaign by European Christians

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3

mongol empire

controlled most of Asia and protected the silk road

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4

magnetic compass-rudder-junk

modern inventions promoting trade by sea in the Indian Ocean Trade Network

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5

kashgar

biggest western city on Silk Road

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6

lateen sail

triangle sail developed in the Indian Ocean Trade Network

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7

Indian Ocean

divided as area where trading is around connecting Africa to Southeast Asia

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8

Calicut

huge trading center on West coast of India

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9

Indian Ocean Slave Trade

trading slaves and African customs

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10

Muslim and Chinese merchants

significant traders of Indian Ocean Trade Network

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11

Spice Islands

modern day Malaysia and Indonesia where spices/clothes were exported

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12

Caravanserai

station where people/animals can rest

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13

flying cash

system to use paper money along Silk Roads

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14

Genghis Khan

leader of Mongol Empire

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15

siege weapons

devices designed to attack walled cities

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16

Golden Horde

describes Mongols that were influenced into modern-day Russia

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17

Yuan Dynasty

dynasty ruled by the Mongols

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18

White Lotus Society

organization that kicked the Mongols out of China

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19

Ming Dynasty

dynasty after the Yuan Dynasty (1368-1644 A.D.)

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20

Mongol women

has a more independent life

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21

monsoon winds

large annual winds across Indian oceans

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22

Muslim traditions

traders spread trade through marriage

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23

Swahili city-states

little towns created on coast of Africa due to Indian Ocean Trade Network

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24

Zheng He

Muslim admiral that sail fleets from China

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25

Trans-Saharan trade routes

traded gold, ivory, and salt using camels

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26

Mali

considered most powerful trading society in Africa

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27

Timbuktu

largest city in Mali

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28

Sundiata

founding ruler of Mali kingdom

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29

Songhai Kingdom

takes power after Mali Kingdom fades

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30

Mansa Musa

brought fame/fortune to Mali Kingdom

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31

diffused by trade

religion/culture is spread by traders

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32

Japan and Korea

influenced by China where Confucianism and Buddhism spread

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33

Khmer Empire

Hindus and Buddhists lived together

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34

Swahili

Bantu/Arabic language

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35

Constantinople

Christian city developed into thriving port (modern-day Istanbul)

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36

Ibn Battuta

Muslim scholar/traveler who wrote about his journeys

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37

Margery Kempe

English traveler who wrote about Jerusalem

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38

champa rice

quick-maturing rice that increased population

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39

environmental degradation

when an increase of population puts pressure on natural resources

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40

trading networks

carried goods, knowledge, and plague

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