mmsc200 chapter 12

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adenoidectomy

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104 Terms

1

adenoidectomy

removal of the adenoids

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2

adenoid hypertrophy

excessive development of adenoids

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3

alveolar

pertaining to an alveolus

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4

alveolus/i

an individualized section of an air sac in the lung

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5

anosmia

loss of the sense of smell

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6

anthracosis

abnormal condition of coal dust in the lungs - black lung disease

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7

apex of the lung

uppermost portion of the lung

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8

apical

pertaining to the tip of an organ

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9

asbestosis

abnormal condition of fiber particles in the lungs

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10

asphyxia

deficient oxygen and increased carbon dioxide in the bloodstream

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11

asthma

chronic inflammation disorder, characterized by airway obstruction and caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction , and increased mucus production

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12

atelectasis

collapsed lung

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13

bacilli

rob-shaped bacteria that are the cause of tuberculosis

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14

base of the lung

the lower portion of the lung

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15

bronchial alveolar lavage

irrigation or washing of a bronchus by injecting fluid through a bronchoscope and then removing it to analyze contents

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16

bronchiole

small bronchial tubes

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17

bronchiolitis

inflammation of a bronchiole

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18

bronchogenic carcinoma

cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus

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19

bronchoscopy

visual examination of the bronchial tubes using an endoscope or bronchoscope

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20

bronchospasm

involuntary muscular contractions in bronchial tubes leading to narrowing of the bronchi

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21

chest tomograms

series of xray images that reveal the chest in depth

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22

chronic bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long period of time

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23

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

lung and bronchial tube conditions that block and damage airways and persist over a long period of time

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24

cilia

thin hairs that line the nasal passageways and tubes of the respiratory tract

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25

cor pulmonale

enlargement of the right side of the heart due to lung disease

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26

croup

acute viral infection in infants and children - barking cough, obstruction of the larynx

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27

cystic fibrosis

inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in mucous secretions that don't drain normally

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28

diphtheria

acute infection of the throat with the formation of a thick membrane that obstructs the throat and breathing

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29

dysphonia

abnormal voice or sound produced by speaking

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30

emphysema

hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls

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31

empyema

pus in the pleural cavity

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32

endotracheal intubation

tube is placed through the mouth and throat into the trachea to establish an airway

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33

epiglottis

thin piece of cartilage that covers the entrance to the voice box and windpipe when a person is swallowing

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34

epistaxis

nosebleed

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35

expectoration

coughing up of mucus or sputum from the throat and respiratory tract

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36

expiration

process of breathing out or exhalation

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37

exudate

fluid, cells, or other substances that slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or breaks in cell membranes

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38

glottis

slit-like opening between the vocal folds of the larynx

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39

hemothorax

blood in the chest surrounding the lungs

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40

hilar

pertaining to the hilum

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41

hilum of the lung

midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs

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42

hydrothorax

water or fluid that accumulates in the pleural space surrounding the lungs

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43

hypercapnia

increased levels of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream

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44

hyperpnea

increase in breathing rate

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45

hypoxia

deficiency of oxygen in tissues

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46

inspiration

act of breathing in or inhalation

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47

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx or voice box

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48

laryngoscopy

endoscopic visual examination of the larynx

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49

laryngospasm

involuntary contraction of muscles surrounding the voice box

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50

larynx

the voice box

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51

lobectomy

removal of a lobe or section of an organ such as the lung

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52

lung biopsy

surgical removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination of the cells

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53

lung cancer

malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchial tubes

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54

MRI of the chest

magnetic waves are used to produce images of the chest in all 3 planes of the body

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55

mediastinoscopy

endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum

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56

mesothelioma

rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and associated with asbestos exposure

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57

nasogastric intubation

placement of a tube through the nose into the stomach

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58

obstructive lung disease

narrowed airways result in resistance to airflow during breathing

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59

orthopnea

breathing is only comfortable when a patient is in an upright position

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60

palatine tonsil

one pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue of the back of the mouth

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61

paranasal sinuses

one of a pair of air cavities in the bones near the nose

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62

parietal pleura

outer layer of the pleura lying closest to the chest wall

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63

paroxysmal

pertaining to a sudden occurance

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64

percussion

tapping on the surface to determine the underlying structure

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65

pertussis

whooping cough - bacterial infection of the throat, larynx, and trachea

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66

phrenic nerve

carries impulses to the diaphragm from the brain

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67

pleural cavity

space between the pleura surrounding each lung

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68

pleural effusion

collection of fluid in the pleural cavity

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69

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura - pleuritis

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70

pneumonconiosis

abnormal condition of dust in the lungs

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71

pneumonectomy

the surgical removal of all or part of a lung

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72

pneumothorax

collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity between the pleura and surrounding the lungs

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73

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

a method of brain imaging that assesses metabolic activity by using a radioactive substance injected into the bloodstream

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74

pulmonary abscess

collection of pus in the lungs

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75

pulmonary angiography

xray imaging of the blood vessels of the lungs after the injection of contrast material

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76

pulmonary edema

collection of fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles of the lung

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77

pulmonary embolism

clot or material from a distant vein that blocks a blood vessel in the lung

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78

pulmonary fibrosis

formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lung

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79

pulmonary function tests

tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lung

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80

pulmonary infarction

area of dead tissue in the lung

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81

pulmonary parenchyma

essential parts of the lungs responsible for respiration

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82

pyothorax

puss collection in the pleural cavity

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83

rales

abnormal, fine, crackling sounds heard on auscultation where there is fluid in the alveoli

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84

restrictive lung disease

a condition in which lung expansion is limited by diseases that affect the chest wall, pleura, or lung tissue itself

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85

rhinorrhea

discharge of mucus from the nose

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86

rhonchi

loud, rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi that are obstructed by sputum

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87

sarcoidosis

chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs

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88

silicosis

silica glass dust collects in the lungs

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89

sinusitis

inflammation of paranasal sinuses

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90

spirometer

an instrument to measure breathing

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91

sputum

material expelled from the chest by coughing or by clearing the throat, phlegm

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92

sputum culture

collection and growth of phlegm to analyze the type of microorganisms present

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93

stridor

strained , high-pitched noisy breathing associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea

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94

thoracic

pertaining to the chest

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95

thoracoscopy

visual examination of the chest using small incision and an endoscope

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96

tonsillectomy

removal of the tonsils

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97

tracheal

pertaining to the trachea

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98

tracheal stenosis

narrowing of the trachea

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99

tracheotomy

incision into the trachea

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100

tube thoracostomy

chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion

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