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Tags and Description

104 Terms

1

monarchy

la monarchie

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2

a monarch by divine right

un monarque de droit divin

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3

sovereign

souverain

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4

aristocracy

l'aristocratie

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5

oligarchy

oligarchie

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6

a tyrant

un tyran

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7

a despot

un despote

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8

despotism

le despotisme

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9

despotic

despotique

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10

an enlightened despot

un despote éclairé

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11

a dictator

un dictateur

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12

dictatorship

la dictature

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13

authoritarian

autoritaire

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14

authoritarianism

l'autoritarisme

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15

totalitarian

totalitaire

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16

totalitarianism

le totalitarisme

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17

a military junta

une junte militaire

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18

a coup, a coup d'état

un coup d'état

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19

a strongman

un homme fort

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20

a regime

un gouvernement autoritaire

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21

the Vichy/Pinochet regime

le régime de Vichy/ Pinochet

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22

a repressive regime

un régime répressif

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23

a political system

un régime politique

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24

to become more democratic

se démocratiser

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25

to take, seize power

prendre, s'emparer le pouvoir

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26

to come to power

arriver au pouvoir

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27

to come into office

arriver au pouvoir (démocratiquement)

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28

to be in power

être au pouvoir

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29

to remain, stay in power

rester au pouvoir

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30

to leave office

quitter le pouvoir

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31

to cling to power

s'accrocher au pouvoir

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32

the country's rulers

les dirigeants du pays

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33

good governance

la bonne gouvernance

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34

to misrule, mismanage

mal administrer, mal gérer

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35

misrule

mauvaise administration

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36

mismanagement

mauvaise gestion

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37

to hold a leader to account

tenir un dirigeant pour responsable

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38

to be accountable to the electorate

être responsable devant les électeurs

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39

accountability

la responsabilité

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40

corruption, sleaze, bribery

corruption

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41

corrupt

corrompu

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42

a bribe

un pot-de-vin

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43

to bribe sb

acheter, soudoyer qqn

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44

the rule of law

l'état de droit, le règne de la loi

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45

multi-party system

le multipartisme

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46

single-party system

un système de parti unique

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47

free and fair elections

des élections libres et régulières

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48

vote rigging, ballot rigging, electoral fraud

la fraude électorale

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49

the election was rigged

l'élection était truquée

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50

a political opponent

un opposant politique

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51

a dissident

un dissident

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52

to gag the opposition

museler l'opposition

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53

to declare a state of emergency

déclarer l'état d'urgence

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54

to trample the constitution

bafouer la constitution

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55

to censor

censurer

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56

censorship

la censure

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57

to block / restrict internet access

bloquer / restreindre l'accès à internet

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58

to circumvent, bypass censorship

contourner la censure

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59

human rights

les droits de l'homme

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60

human rights violations / abuses

des atteintes aux droits de l'homme

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61

a crime against humanity

un crime contre l'humanité

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62

the duty to interfere, to intervene

le devoir d'ingérence

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63

human-rights lobby

association de défense des droits de l'homme

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64

China's human rights record

le passé de la Chine en matière des droits de l'homme

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65

discontent

mécontentement, malaise

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66

to spark unrest

provoquer des troubles

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67

turmoil

de l'agitation

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68

an upheaval

un bouleversement

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69

to stir up trouble

formenter des troubles

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70

an insurgent

un insurgé

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71

an insurgency

une insurrection

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72

a demonstration, a protest march

une manifestation

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73

a demonstrator, a protester

une manifestant

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74

to hold /attend a rally

organiser / participer a un rassemblement

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75

a riot

une émeute

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76

a rioter

un émeutier, un casseur

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77

riots broke out

des émeutes ont éclaté

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78

anti-riots police

les CRS

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79

a Molotov cocktail, a petrol bomb

un cocktail molotov

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80

tear gas

du gaz lacrymogène

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81

a clash

un heurt, un affrontement

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82

a skirmish

une échauffourée

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83

a plot

un complot

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84

a plotter

un comploteur

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85

to revolt

se révolter

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86

to rebel

se rebeller

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87

a rebel

un rebelle

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88

a rebellion

une rébellion, une révolte

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89

to defy the authorities

défier les autorités

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90

an uprising

un soulèvement

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91

to rise up against

se soulever contre

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92

to overthrow, to topple a dictator

renverser un dictateur

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93

to oust a dictator

évincer un dictateur

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94

the overthrow of a dictator

le renversement d'un dictateur

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95

to depose a ruler

déposer un dirigeant

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96

to collapse

s'effondrer

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97

to restore democracy

restaurer la démocratie

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98

the downfall of a government

la chute d'un gouvernement

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99

ruthless repression

répression brutale

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100

to put down, to suppress a rebellion

réprimer une rébellion

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