medical terminology #2

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213 Terms

1

Aden/o-

gland

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2

Endocrinologist

specialist in the study of endocrine disorders

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3

Adren/o-

adrenal gland

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4

Adrenal/o-

adrenal gland

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5

Adrenopathy

disease of the adrenal gland

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6

Adrenalectomy

removal of the adrenal gland

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7

Hypophys/o-

Pituitary gland

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8

Pituitar/o- 

Pituitary gland

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9

Hypophyseal

related to the pituitary gland

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10

Hyerpituitarism 

increased secretions of the pituitary glands

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11

Hypopituitarism 

decreased secretions of the pituitary glands

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12

gonad/o

Gonads - (Reproductive organs: sex glands: ovaries and testes) 

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13

Oophor/o-

ovary

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14

Ovari/o-

ovary

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15

Oophoritis

inflammation of the ovary

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16

Ovarian 

related to the ovary

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17

Orch/o-

testis

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18

Orchi/o-

testis

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19

orchid/o-

testis

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20

test/o-

testis

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21

testicul/o-

testis

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22

orchitis

inflammation of the testis

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23

orchiopexy

surgical fixation of the testis

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24

orchidectomy

removal of the testis

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25

Pancreat/o-

pancreas

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26

pancreatectomy 

removal of the pancreas

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27

thyr/o-

thyroid gland

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28

thyroid/o-

thyroid gland

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29

thyroaden/o-

thyroid gland

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30

thyroidectomy 

removal of the thyroid gland

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31

thyroadenitis

inflammation of the thyroid gland

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32

Parathyroid/o-

parathyroid gland

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33

thym/o-

thymus gland

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34

thymoma

Tumor of the thymus gland

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35

Acromegaly

enlargement of the extremeties due to hypersecretion of the pituitary gland after puberty

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36

Dwarfism

Congenital hyposecretion  (undersecretion) of Growth Hormone which is secreted by the Pituitary gland, resulting in abnormally low stature (small size).

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37

Gigantism

Over secretion  (hypersecretion) of Growth Hormone from the Pituitary gland, resulting in excessive growth and height which is significantly above average.

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38

Diabetes Mellitus

disorder in the pancrease that causes increased of blood sugar

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39

Diabetes insipidus

Too little anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) produced by the pituitary gland – too much fluid excreted (polyuria)

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40

Polyuria

excessive urination

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41

Hypoglycemia

Condition of low blood sugar  level in the blood

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42

Hyperglycemia

Condition of high blood sugar  level in the blood

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43

Glycosuria

Glucose in urine

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44

Cretinism

Congenital (at birth)  lack of thyroid secretion.

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45

Goitre (thyromegaly)

Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland producing a swelling in the front part of the neck

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46

Myxedema

Severe form of adult hypothyroidism.

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47

Graves disease

Hyperthyroidism – over secretion of thyroid hormones

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48

Tetany

A condition that occur as a result of low blood calcium  (Hypocalcemia) - characterized by painful muscle spasms (cramps)

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49

Hypocalcemia

low blood calcium

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50

Calc/o

Calcium

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51

DM

Diabetes Mellitus

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52

ADH 

Anti diuretic hormone

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53

Cerebell/o-

Cerebellum

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54

Cerebellar

Pertaining to the cerebellum

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55

Cerebr/o-

Cerebrum

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56

Cerebral

Pertaining to the cerebrum

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57

Encephal/o-

Brain

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58

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain

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59

Medull/o-

Medulla oblongata

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60

Medullary

Pertaining to the medulla oblongata

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61

Myel/o-

Spinal cord

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62

Myelitis

Inflammation  of the spinal cord

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63

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

Clear fluid that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord

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64

Neur/o-

Nerve

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65

Neuropathy

Disease of nerves

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66

Alzheimer disease

Brain disorder marked by deterioration of mental capacity

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67

Cerebrovascular accident

CVA- 

Stroke

Damage to the blood vessels of the cerebrum leading to loss of blood supply to the brain

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68

Epilepsy

Chronic brain disorder marked by recurrent seizure activity

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69

Hemiplegia

Paralysis that affects one half of the body (right half or left half)

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70

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of four limbs (both legs and both arms)

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71

Paraplegia

Paralysis of the lower portion of the body (legs)

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72

Multiple sclerosis

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73

Destruction of the myelin sheath on the nerve cells with replacement of sclerotic (hard) tissue

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74

Syncope

Fainting.

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75

Computed tomography (CT) scan

cross sectional x-ray images 

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76

Magnatic resonance imaging (MRI)

magnatic waves that are used to create detailed images

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77

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

a test that detects electrical activity in your brain 

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78

AD

Alzehimer disease

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79

CNS

Central nervous system

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80

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid 

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81

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident (Stroke)

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82

MS

Multiple sclerosis

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83

Hem/o- or Hemat/o-

Blood

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84

-emia

Blood

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85

Erythro-

Red 

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86

Erythrocytes

Red blood cells-  (RBC)

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87

Leuko-

White

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88

Leukocytes

White blood cells (WBC)

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89

Thrombo-

Clotting

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90

Thrombocytes

Clotting cells (platelets)

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91

Hemolysis

destruction of red blood cells.

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92

Hematocrit

Separation of the blood components

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93

Hematopoiesis

Formation of blood

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94

Phag/ o –

eat, swallow

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95

Phagocyte:

Phago/ cyte :Cell that eats or swallows other cells

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96

Macrophage

Large phagocytes

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97

Coagulation

Process of blood clotting

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98

-Apheresis: 

Removal or carry away

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99

Plasmapheresis

Process to remove or separate the plasma from other blood components. It is used to treat autoimmune diseases

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100

Anemia:

Deficiency in Erythrocytes or Hemoglobin

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