English Vocab Unit 1-15

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Characterization

1 / 149

Tags and Description

150 Terms

1

Characterization

the act of creating or developing a character

New cards
2

Exposition

introduction to a story that includes setting, characters, conflict, and provides important background information

New cards
3

Falling Action

follows the high point/turning point of the story; happens as a result of the climax

New cards
4

Plot

the sequence of events in a literary work

New cards
5

Protagonist

the main character in a literary work

New cards
6

Antagonist

the person or force working against the main character

New cards
7

Rising Action

the events leading up to the story's climax

New cards
8

Resolution

the settling of the main/primary conflict in a piece of literature

New cards
9

Narrative Hook

the part of the story that catches the reader's interest & makes them want to go on

New cards
10

Irony

the differences appearance and reality, expectation and result, or meaning and intention

New cards
11

Allusion

a writer's indirect reference to a person, place or thing that the reader should know about

New cards
12

Diction

word choice; a writer's word choice

New cards
13

Dramatic Irony

occurs when the reader knows important information that a character does not know

New cards
14

Verbal Irony

when something is said and something opposite or nearly opposite is meant

New cards
15

Situational Irony

an unexpected event ~ an interesting surprise or coincidence

New cards
16

Setting

the location and time-period in which a story takes place

New cards
17

Climax

high point of interest or suspense in a story

New cards
18

Conflict

a struggle between opposing forces

New cards
19

Narrator

the person telling the story

New cards
20

Tone

the writer’s attitude toward his/her audience or subject

New cards
21

Theme

a central message or insight into life revealed through the literary work

New cards
22

Mood

the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage

New cards
23

Symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else

New cards
24

Figurative Language

writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally

New cards
25

Flashback

when the action in a work stops and the reader is returned to some previous time period or event

New cards
26

Foreshadowing

the use of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur

New cards
27

Imagery

the descriptive or figurative language used in literture to create word pictures

New cards
28

Suspense

the feeling of curiosity or uncertainty about the outcome of event

New cards
29

Oxymoron

the close combing of opposite terms or words to create an ironic effect

New cards
30

Dialogue

a conversation between characters

New cards
31

Hero / heroine

a character who exhibits extraordinary powers such as strength, courage, or intelligence

New cards
32

Inference

a conclusion drawn based on facts presented or gathered

New cards
33

Metaphor

a comparison not using like, as, or than

New cards
34

Simile

a comparison using like, as, or than

New cards
35

Motive

a character’s reason for behaving in a certain way

New cards
36

Onomatopoeia

a word whose sounds suggests or communicates its meaning

New cards
37

Personification

giving non-human or inanimate objects human characteristics

New cards
38

Hyperbole

a figure of speech in which an exaggeration is made for emphasis or humorous effect

New cards
39

Narrative

a written story told in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, or drama

New cards
40

Genre

a category or type of literature

New cards
41

Fiction

prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events

New cards
42

Nonfiction

prose writing that present and explains ideas or that tells about real people, places, objects or events

New cards
43

Historical Fiction

a fictional narrative set in an actually historical event or moments

New cards
44

Short Story

a brief work of fiction

New cards
45

Autobiography

a form of nonfiction in which a person tells his or her own life story

New cards
46

Biography

a form of nonfiction in which the writer tells the life story of another person

New cards
47

Essay

a short nonfiction work about a particular subject

New cards
48

Prose

the ordinary form of a written language (as opposed to poetry, drama, or song)

New cards
49

Expository

writing that gives information, discusses ideas or explains a process

New cards
50

Poem

piece written in verse: a complete and self-contained piece of writing in verse that is set out in lines of a particular length and uses rhythm, imagery, and often rhyme to achieve its effect

New cards
51

Speaker

the person doing the talking in a poem

New cards
52

Stanza

a group of words in a poem or song that convey/communicate a complete thought

New cards
53

Couplet

two consecutive lines of poetry that thyme

New cards
54

Extended Metaphor

a comparison or several comparisons sustained for several lines or for an entire poem

New cards
55

Monologues

a dramatic speech delivered by a single character in a play

New cards
56

Found Poem

a poem consisting of words, phrases, and/or lines that come directly from another text

New cards
57

Scansion

the analysis of a rhythmic structure

New cards
58

Sonnet

a fourteen-line lyric poem usually written in iambic pentameter

New cards
59

Iambic Pentameter

a five-beat poetic line w/ an alternating pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

New cards
60

Soliloquy

a long speech delivered by an actor alone on the stage; represents the character's internal thoughts

New cards
61

Ode

a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.

New cards
62

Sonnet

a 14-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter and following a strict pattern of rhyme

New cards
63

Anaphora

the repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginnings of two or more clauses or lines

New cards
64

End Rhyme

when the rhyming words come at the end of lines

New cards
65

Meter

a rhythmical pattern which is determined by the number and types of stresses or beats in each line

New cards
66

Rhyme

similar vowel and/or consonant sounds between two or more syllables or words

New cards
67

Rhythm

the pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language

New cards
68

Prologue

an introductory passage or speech before the main action of a play, novel or long poem

New cards
69

Narrative Poetry

poems that tell stories

New cards
70

Argument

a form of writing that presents a particular claim or idea and supports it with evidence

New cards
71

Claim

A statement essentially arguable, but used as a primary point to support or prove an argument

New cards
72

Evidence

the information that supports a position in an argument

New cards
73

Reasoning

the thinking or logic used to make a claim in an argument

New cards
74

Rhetoric

the art of expressive speech or discourse & skill in its effective use

New cards
75

Rhetorical appeal

emotional, ethical, and logical arguments used to persuade an audience to agree with the writer or speaker

New cards
76

Ethos

(ethical appeal) a rhetorical appeal that focuses on the character or qualifications of the speaker

New cards
77

Pathos

(emotional appeal) a rhetorical appeal to the reader's or listener's senses or emotions

New cards
78

Logos

(logical appeal) a rhetorical appeal to reason or logic

New cards
79

Logical Fallacy

a statement that is false because it is based on an error in reasoning

New cards
80

Bias

an inclination or mental leaning for or against something; prevents impartial judgment

New cards
81

Anecdote

a brief story used to illustrate a point

New cards
82

Concession

an admission in an argument that the opposing side has valid points

New cards
83

Credibility

the quality of being trusted or believed

New cards
84

Objective

based on factual information

New cards
85

Rebuttal

a reason why a counterargument is wrong

New cards
86

Subjective

based on a person's point of view, opinions, values, or emotions

New cards
87

Works Cited

a list of source material used in the preparation of a work or referred to in the text

New cards
88

Audience

those reached by books, magazines, newspapers, etc.

New cards
89

Persuasive

writing or speech that attempts to convince the reader/listener to adopt a particular opinion or course of action

New cards
90

Rhetorical Question

asked for effect ~ not meant to actually be answered

New cards
91

Mode

a form or manner of expression; style

New cards
92

Thesis Statement

a position/proposition that a person advances & maintains or offers to maintain w/argument

New cards
93

Editorial

an article that expresses a view on a matter of current interest or an expression of such an opinion that  resembles such an article

New cards
94

Counter Claim

a position taken by someone with an opposing viewpoint

New cards
95

Voice

distinctive qualities of a writer’s personality & style; includes diction, attitude & idea

New cards
96

Plagiarism

the unattributed use of another writer's words or ideas

New cards
97

Analogy

a comparison between 2 or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike

New cards
98

Primary Source

an original document or image created by someone who experiences an event first hand

New cards
99

Secondary Source

a discussion about or commentary on a primary source; the key feature of a secondary source is that it offers an interpretation of information gathered from primary sources

New cards
100

Annotated Bibliography

a list of sources used in research along with comments or summaries about each source

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7884 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(53)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard227 terms
studied byStudied by 81 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard113 terms
studied byStudied by 66 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 1189 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)