P2 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS

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139 Terms

1

Law

a body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controlling authority and having binding legal force

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2

Common Law

encompasses principles and rules based on ancient usages and customs

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3

Legislation

all the laws and statutes put into place by elected officials on federal, state, county, and city governments

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4

Tort of negligence

may help to illustrate the common law basis of our current law system

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5

Tort

a wrongful act

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6

Tort of negligence

originated on the liability of those who professed to be competent in certain public calling

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7

Tort

a civil wrong for which the law provides a remedy

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8

Tort Action

filed to recover damages for personal injury or property damage occurring from negligent conduct or intentional misconduct

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9

Intentional Torts

result when an act is done with the intention of causing harm to another

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10

Unintentional Torts

result when an act is done without the intention of causing harm to another

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11

Communication

the best tool to lessen or decrease the risk of allegations of intentional torts

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12

Medical Term

most commonly encountered in medical imaging and a broad term that in most jurisdictions encompasses negligence, failure to obtain informed consent, and breach of patient confidentiality

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13

Negligence

can be found only if a duty is owed, that duty is breached, and demonstrable harm has resulted from the breach

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14

Statute

may create a duty, and may establish a duty of professionals

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15

Common Law Principles

have been adapted to meet the changes in society

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16

Statutory Law

includes all laws enacted by federal, state, county, or government

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17

Judicial Decisions

are previous cases that either interpret statutes or adopt and adapt common law principles

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18

Human Law and Divine Law

two branches of the law

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19

Public Law

deals with the acts that affects the society of general public as a whole

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20

Private Law

deals with acts that affects the rights and obligations of individuals or group of individuals, business, and provides for laws to resolve disputes in private matters

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21

Criminal Law

are laws that involves threat or harm to lives, properties, or moral welfare of the people

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22

Political Law

relate to every aspect of the electoral and political process, including the right to vote, campaign financing, and presidential election laws

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23

Civil Law

is concerned with the rights and duties of persons

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24

Labor Law

mediates the relationship between workers, and employing entities, trade unions and the government

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25

Commercial Law

the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales

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26

Remedial Law

a branch of law which prescribes the method of enforcing rights or obtaining redress for their invasion

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27

Sources of the Law

Constitution, Judiciary, Legislature, and Administrative

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28

Constitution

presidential decree and republic act

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29

Judiciary

department of justice, supreme court, and court of appeals

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30

Legislature

Congress

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31

Administrative

executive power of president

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32

Administrative

deals with licensing and regulation which can include suspension and revocation of license

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33

Criminal

addresses the wrongs against the state that includes fines, restitution, community service, and incarceration

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34

Civil

addresses wrongs committed by one party harming another and can include monetary damages to compensate for loss and to punish

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35

Assault

a deliberate act wherein one person threatens to harm another without consent and the victim feels the attacker has the ability to carry out the threat

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36

Battery

touching the victim without consent

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37

Administrative

executive power of president

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38

False Imprisonment

the unlawful confinement of a person within a fixed area or secluded in an area

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39

Negligence

an unintentional tort involving duty, breach of duty, and causation, and the most common tort involving imaging professionals

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40

Informed Consent

a written assent of a patient to receive a proposed treatment

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41

Lawsuit

begins when a plaintiff files a complaint against the defendant with the court

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42

Pleadings

each party in a lawsuit files initial papers that contains an explanation of each party’s side of the dispute

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43

Complaint

describes what the defendant did or failed to do that caused harm to the plaintiff holding the defendant responsible for that harm

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44

Answer

provides the defendant’s side of the dispute

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45

Civil

addresses wrongs committed by one party harming another and can include monetary damages to compensate for loss and to punish

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46

Assault

a deliberate act wherein one person threatens to harm another without consent and the victim feels the attacker has the ability to carry out the threat

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47

Negotiators, mediators, and arbitrators

often used to bring objectivity to the negotiations and encourage the parties to settle the lawsuit

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48

Post-Decision Appeal Process

a party dissatisfied with the result may appeal to the higher court to review the trial court proceeding where the decision may be reversed or review

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49

Summon

a writ commanding an authorized person to notify a party to appear in court to answer a complaint made against him

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50

Subpoena

an order that requires a person to attend at a specific time and place to testify as a witness

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51

Subpoena Duces Tecum

a court order that forces a witness to testify in a trial with necessary documents

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52

Search Warrant

a warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to search for objects or people involved in the commission of a crime and produce them in court

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53

Warrant of Arrest

a written order form a magistrate commanding someone to take the body of the person accused, to be dealt with according to the law

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54

Felonies

acts or omissions punishable by law

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55

Deceit or Dolo

deliberate intent

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56

Fault or Culpa

results from imprudence, negligence lack of foresight

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57

i

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58

Ignorantia Legis Neminem Excusat

ignorance of the law excuses no one

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59

Obligation

act of binding oneself to do something

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60

Jurisprudence

philosophy of science of law

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61

Constitutional Law

state the principle and provisions for establishment of specific law

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62

Legislature

the congress body responsible for enacting laws

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63

Statutory Law

law enacted by this body

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64

Judiciary System

responsible for reconciling controversies and conflicts

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65

Good Samaritan Law

law that holds physicians and radtechs harmless when rendering aid to a person in emergency situation

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66

Narcotic Law

law with its primary purpose is to control and suppress the illegal use and distribution of narcotics

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67

Will

a legal declaration of a person’s intention upon death

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68

Testator

one who makes the will

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69

Litigation

process of the lawsuit

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70

Euthanasia

mercy killing is the act of painlessly putting to death of person who is suffering from incurable or dispressing disease

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71

Mala Inse

act is a wrongful from the very beginning

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72

Mala Prohibita

a law that prohibits the act

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73

Legal Right

a claim which can be enforces by legal means against a person whose duty is to respect it

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74

Civil Case

complainant or defendant

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75

Criminal Case

plaintiff or accused

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76

Due Process

a fair and orderly process which aims to protect and enforce a person’s right

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77

Hearsay Evidence

rumors not admissible as evidence

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78

Perjury

the willful telling of a lie under oath

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79

Dying Declaration

considered hearsay unless the dying person is a victim of a crime

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80

Holographic Will

a will which is written, dated and signed by the hand of the testator himself

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81

Breach of Contract

the failure, without legal cause to perform any promise which forms the whole part or parts of a contract

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82

Cause

a ground of legal action

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83

Consent

approval, permission or agreement

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84

Consideration

the price, motive or matter of inducement of a contract and refers to a fee, salary or reward

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85

Abortion

the expulsion of the product of conception before the fetus is viable

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86

Crime

an offense against persons or property against the public

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87

Slander

untruthful oral statement about a person that subjects him to ridicule or wrong defamation

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88

Libel

untruthful written statement about a person that subjects him to ridicule; there must be a second person to hear or read the comment

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89

Invasion of Privacy

a wrong that involve the right of person to be let alone

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90

Fraud

will and purposeful misconduct that could or has caused loss or harm to person or property; false presentation of some fact

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91

Misdemeanor

punishable with fines and imprisonment or both for less than a year

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92

First Degree Murder

illegally killing another person with motive

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93

Second Degree Murder

killing another person without previous deliberation

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94

Deceit

the fraudulent withholding or misrepresenting of facts whereby a person is misled to this injury

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95

Decedent

a person whose property is transmitted through succession, whether or not he left a will

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96

Undue Influence

influenced used directly to procure the will and which amounts to a coercion destroying the free action of the testator

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97

Criminal Intent

the intention to commit a crime

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98

Doctrine of Force Majeure

act of God; no person shall be held responsible for those events which could not be foreseen on for which, though foreseen, were inevitable like natural calamities

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99

Doctrine of Respondent Superior

let the master answer for the acts of the subordinate

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100

Doctrine of Res Ipsa Loquitur

the defendant is presumed to be negligent where the instrumentality causing another’s injury was in the defendant’s control

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