EGYPTIAN LITERATURE

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FACTS, LITERATURES & DYNASTIES

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Cairo

Capital of Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

Civilization that lasted longer than any other in human history?

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3000 years

Span of Ancient Egypt civilization.

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Life after Death

Egyptian believes in the...?

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Religion

System of concepts that are of importance to a certain community making statements concerning the supernatural or sacred; broader term.

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Myth

one component or aspect of religion; associated with Greek myths and ancient greek religion.

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River of Nile (Nile River)

Body of water which flows through harsh and arid desert. Gave the civilization of Egypt its life.

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Hieroglyphs

Writing system; mixtures of pictures and glyphs or symbols and was used for trading for goods.

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Ancient Egypt

Ruled by 30 dynasties and Pharaohs; Egypt's Dynastic Period

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Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt

Two Kingdoms dividing the Egypt

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Lower Egypt

North part; richer kingdom and trade with the lands of Mediterranean sea

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Upper Egypt

South part; very narrow strip of land to be cultivated while the rest of the land was dry desert

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Nubia

People of Sudan

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Early Dynasty (3100 - 2680)

Ruled by King Narmer who united the 2 kingdom

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Old Kingdom (2680 - 2180)

3rd to 6th dynasty; Period of Structure/Building. Best for the building of the great pyramids.

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First Intermediate (2180 - 2055)

7th to 11th dynasty; Coffin text. At the end of this period, King Mentuhotep II regained the control over the whole egypt.

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Middle Kingdom (2055 - 1650 BC)

12th to 14 dynasty; Golden Age Ruled by Cleopatra and Time of Moses

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Second Intermediate (1650 - 1550)

15th to 16th dynasty; Hyksos conquered the Lower Egypt

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New Kingdom (1550 - 1069)

17th to 19 dynasty; Hyksos were driven out and Pharaohs regained over LE and UE. Developed a very powerful civil service of Royal Officials.

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Late Period (c. 1000 - 32 AD)

Egypt was divided again and by 700 BC; frequently invaded by Nubians who formed new dynasty. Followed by Assyrians, Persians, Greek and lastly Romans

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Ptolemy

Alexander the Great's General

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Atum

First God

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Shu

God of Air

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Tefnut

Goddess of Moisture

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Geb

God of Earth

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Nut

Goddess of Sky

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Osiris

Son of Geb and Nut; God of Underworld

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Isis

Goddess of Magic; Mother of Horus

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Seth

God of Evil, Desert and Storm; Husband of Nephthys

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Nephthys

Goddess of Mourning and Death; Mother of Anubis

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Horus

King of Egypt who killed God of Evil, Desert and Storm to get the crown of his Father

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Egyptian

started the first culture to develop literature

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The Book of the Death

Collection of Prayers; The greatest Literature Extra ordinary collection of prayers, invocations, and religious formula

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Religious Literature

Earliest body of text; hymns and spell sculptures at the walls of chambers in the pyramids (pyramid texts)

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Tales

True or Fictional; narrative with beginning and ending made to be interesting and exciting with vivid details

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Wisdom Literature

Maxims belong to the genre of didactic; Ptahhotep

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Ptahhotep

Piece of advice for maintaining "social order"

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Pessimistic Literature

undesirable outcome is anticipated from a given literature; The Dispute between a Man and his BA

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BA

Soul

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The Dispute between a Man and his BA

Piece presenting a conversation between a narrator and his soul on the difficulties of life and how one is supposed to live in it.

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Love Songs

deals as an intense emotional experience felt by all.

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Sister Without Peer

written in several parts as a dialog between a young man; first part was sung by the young man.

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Richard Parkinsons

who quoted "greatest forgotten treasure of Ancient Egypt"?

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Poetry

historical accounts and biographies inscribed on the insides of tomb often given idealized accounts of Egyptian life. Gives real insight into human nature and its imperfections.

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Pharaohs

ruler of egpyt that made laws and controlled the lands and its resources believed that they are gods in the afterlife

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Viziers

assistants; helper of pharaohs to govern chief administrators of ancient egypt who oversaw the treasury and the court system, among other duties

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Priests

powerful intellectual leaders; preserved the culture of the egyptian civilization, cared for the temples and officiated in the religious rituals and sacrifices to the many gods

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Scribes

special class of literate professionals; performed important bureaucratic duties such as record keeping, tax accounting and the management of public works

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Craftmen and Artists

Ancient Egypt produced many skilled painters, sculptors, metalworkers, potters, woodworkers, and shipbuilders Worked in shops close to the palace of the pharaoh

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Peasants

primarily responsible for growing crops; used to construct irrigation works, quarry stone and help build tombs and temples.

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Slaves and Servants

Foreigners captured in war or traded to the egyptians; forced to work in the fields or perform hard labor and other worked as domestic servants

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