Gilded Age

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Homestead Act

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US History

24 Terms

1

Homestead Act

1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens who met certain requirements and paid a small fee

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2

Jacob Riis

Wrote "How The Other Half Lives" describing the deplorable conditions of the cities

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3

Great Plains

area of the country settled by farmers brought to the area from the east by the Trans. RR

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4

frontier

line between areas of settlement and those areas dominated by nature and Native Americans

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5

Klondike Gold Rush

in 1896 miners were attached to the area by discovery of precious metals

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6

American Indian Citizenship Act

Made all Indians citizens of the United States

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7

tenement

single room apartments often without heating, lighting or sewage

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8

Political Bosses

corrupt city government officials promising to provided services and jobs in exchange for votes

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9

Immigration

primary reason for growth in US cities by the early 1900s

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10

Ellis Island

vast government center in New York City where most immigrants were processed into the US

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11

cattle drive

movement by cowboys of cattle to rail stations in the north to connect to markets in the east

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12

Ghettos

neighborhoods dominated by a single nationality , language or cultural characteristics.

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13

New Immigrants

Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe

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14

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882 law that barred Asian laborers from entering the United States

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15

push-pull factors

war, famine, drought, economic opportunity, education

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16

Indian Wars

Little Big Horn, Wounded Knee, Sand Creek Massacre

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17

Dawes Act

divided reservation into individual plots, each family received 160 acres to farm hoping to establish pride in ownership

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18

political machine

unofficial city organization designed to keep a particular party or group in power

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19

Assimilation

Process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another culture

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20

Urbanization

the growth of cities

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21

Tammy hall

The most famous political machine designed to keep democrats in control of New York City

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22

Americanization

learning to dress, speak and act like other Americans

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23

Boss Tweed

Manipulated New York City politics for his own benefit

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24

Nativist

favoring native born Americans over immigrants

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