ACT English Basics/Practice Sentences

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49 Terms

1

independent clause

basically, a complete sentence

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2

dependent clause

cannot stand on it's own. ex: "when I went to Europe" "because I am a teacher" "after I called the doctor"

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3

Possessive of "it"

its

ex: its collar

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4

Contraction of "it is"

it's

It's hot today.

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5

Which is not a correct form?

its, it's, its'

its'. This form does NOT exist.

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6

They're

They are

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7

Their

Possessive, ex: their books

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8

There=

a place, ex: I live there.

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9

Rewrite this with a possessive form of "teacher": The salary of this teacher is very high.

This teacher's salary is very high.

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10

Rewrite this with a possessive form of "teachers": The salaries of these teachers are very low.

These teachers' salaries are very low.

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11

Correct? This is they're friend Bob.

No. Their friend. (possessive) CORRECT: This is their friend Bob.

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12

Who's=?

Who is

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13

Whose=?

Possessive, ex: whose hat is this?

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14

When do you use a semi-colon?

On the ACT, it's the same as a period.

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15

When do you use a colon?

Independent clause (sentence first): THEN a list or explanation (what follows the colon can be a complete sentence but does not have to be.)

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16

Are the commas correct? Jacksonville is Florida's largest city by land area, however, it is not the largest by population.

NO. Run-on/comma splice. Use a semi-colon or period before "however."

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17

Need a comma? I went to the store that sells all the vintage toys.

NO COMMA before or after "THAT"

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18

Is the comma correct? My mother is a doctor, and my father is a teacher at the city's largest private lower school.

Yes. The comma is used to separate two sentences connected by one of the FANBOYS.

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19

What are the FANBOYS?

Conjunctions that can be used to connect two independent clauses (complete sentences). For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

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20

Is the comma correct? When I went to Chicago, the weather was terrible.

YES. The comma is separating a dependent clause (when...) + an independent clause, in that order.

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21

Is the comma correct? The weather was terrible, when I went to Chicago.

NO. NO COMMA between an independent clause + a dependent clause (if in that order). Correct: The weather was terrible when I went to Chicago.

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22

Are the commas correct? Jacksonville, which is a very large city, has a variety of cultural landmarks.

YES. Comma sandwich. "which is a very large city" is non-essential in the sentence.

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23

Are the commas correct? I like apples, pear, and bananas.

Yes. Commas separating items in a list of 3 or more. ____, ____, and ____

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24

Is the comma correct? I like dogs that have black spots, and cats with orange stripes.

NO. NO COMMA separating a list of only 2 things.

INCORRECT: ______, and _______

CORRECT: ______ and ____

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25

Is the comma correct? The snarling, drooling raccoon in the cage scared me.

YES. The comma is separating 2 adjectives whose order CAN be reversed. EX: "The drooling, snarling raccoon in the cage scared me." (Also acceptable)

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26

Is the comma correct? The big, red ball bounced into the street.

NO. NO COMMA separating adjectives whose order CANNOT be reversed. (We don't say red big ball.) CORRECT: The big red ball bounced into the street.

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27

Is the comma correct? Jacksonville is a very large city, some cities are even bigger.

NO. You must use a period or semi-colon to separate 2 independent clauses (2 complete sentences). CORRECT: Jacksonville is a very large city; some cities are even bigger. OR Jacksonville is a very large city. Some cities are even bigger. OR Jacksonville is a very large city, but some cities are even bigger.

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28

Is the comma correct? Jacksonville is a very large city, and has a variety of cultural landmarks.

NO. NO COMMA because "has a variety of cultural landmarks" is NOT an independent clause/complete sentence. It has no subject. CORRECT: Jacksonville is a very large city and has a variety of cultural landmarks.

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29

Is the comma correct? The man in the red coat, will definitely miss the bus.

NO. NO COMMA between a subject and a verb. Correct: The man in the red coat will definitely miss the bus.

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30

Is the comma correct? She is one of the greatest painters, of all time.

NO. "of" is a preposition. NO COMMA before or after a preposition. CORRECT: She is one of the greatest painters of all time.

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31

Is the comma correct? The forest was filled with snarling, animals.

NO. NO COMMA between an adjective and a noun. CORRECT: The forest was filled with snarling animals.

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32

Is the first comma correct? I attended a liberal arts college, (which I enjoyed a great deal), but I earned my graduate degree at a large university.

NO. NO COMMA before an open parenthesis. The second comma comes before a FANBOYS and independent clause so it IS correct. CORRECT: I attended a liberal arts college (which I enjoyed a great deal), but I earned my graduate degree at a large university.

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33

If you use who...

You can check that "he", "she", or "they" could replace "who" in the phrase. Ex: I knew the man who called the talk show. ("HE called the talk show"--YES, that is correct.)

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34

If you use whom...

You can check that "him", "her", or "them" could replace "whom" in the phrase. Ex: The student whom I called on Tuesday did not attend the class. ("I called HIM on Tuesday"--YES, that is correct.)

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35

After a preposition, should you use "who" or "whom"?

ALWAYS use "whom." Ex: "of whom" "to whom" "with whom" because we say "of him" "to him" and "with him", NOT "to he"...

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36

neither...

neither...nor...

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37

either...

either...or...

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38

as...

as...as...

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39

not only...

not only...but (also)...

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40

Is the comma correct? I went to see Matt Damon's latest film, "The Bourne Ultimatum," at the theater last night.

YES--> the title is non-essential because we would all be able to figure out which movie based on it being Matt Damon's latest film.

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41

Is the comma correct? I went to see my friend, Jane, last night.

NO-->Because I hopefully have more than one friend, we do not know which friend without her name. Jane is essential information. CORRECT: I went to see my friend Jane last night.

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42

Correct? Would of

NO, INCORRECT. There is no such phrase in English. CORRECT: would have

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43

Correct? could of, should of

NO, INCORRECT. There is no such phrase in English. CORRECT: could have, should have

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44

Correct? must of

NO, INCORRECT. There is no such phrase in English. CORRECT: must have

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45

Whether (this)...

Whether (this)...or (that)...

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46

If a verb form is underlined...

...check subject-verb agreement, then tense.

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47

pronoun

he, she, it, they, him, her, them...

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48

If a pronoun is underlined...

check what it refers to....should it be singular or plural? Is there an answer choice with a more specific and logical noun? Does it make sense in the sentence...he vs him, she vs her, etc?

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49

Correct this sentence: I like swimming, dancing, and to hike.

Parallel structure: I like swimming, dancing, and hiking.

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