A&P Origin, Insertion, Action

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Masseter- Origin

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120 Terms

1

Masseter- Origin

Zygomatic Bone and Arch

<p>Zygomatic Bone and Arch</p>
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2

Masseter- Insertion

Ramus and Angle of mandible

<p>Ramus and Angle of mandible</p>
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3

Masseter- Action

Close jaw/ elevate mandible

<p>Close jaw/ elevate mandible</p>
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4

Temporalis- Origin

Temporal Fossa

<p>Temporal Fossa</p>
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5

Temporalis- Insertion

Coronoid Process (mandible)

<p>Coronoid Process (mandible)</p>
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6

Temporalis- Action

Close Jaw/ Elevate mandible

<p>Close Jaw/ Elevate mandible</p>
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7

Sternocleidomastoid- Origin

Manubrium (sternum) and medial clavicle

<p>Manubrium (sternum) and medial clavicle</p>
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8

Sternocleidomastoid- Insertion

Mastoid process (temporal bone)

<p>Mastoid process (temporal bone)</p>
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9

Sternocleidomastoid- Action

neck flexion, rotate skull to opposite shoulder

<p>neck flexion, rotate skull to opposite shoulder</p>
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10

Quadratus Lumborum- Origin

iliac crest and lumbar fascia

<p>iliac crest and lumbar fascia</p>
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11

Quadratus lumborum- Insertion

TP of lumbar vertebrae

<p>TP of lumbar vertebrae</p>
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12

Quadratus Lumborum- Action

extension and lateral flexion of vertebral column

<p>extension and lateral flexion of vertebral column</p>
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13

Erector spinae (iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis)- Action

extend spine

<p>extend spine</p>
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14

iliocostalis

most lateral

<p>most lateral</p>
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15

Longissimus

intermediate

<p>intermediate</p>
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16

Spinalis

most medial

<p>most medial</p>
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17

Rectus Abdominis-Origin

Pubic crest and symphysis

<p>Pubic crest and symphysis</p>
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18

Rectus Abdominis- Insertion

Xiphoid process and ribs 5-7 (costal cartilage)

<p>Xiphoid process and ribs 5-7 (costal cartilage)</p>
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19

REctus Abdominis- Action

flex and rotate vertebral column

<p>flex and rotate vertebral column</p>
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20

Obliques (external and internal)- Action

flex and rotate vertebral column

<p>flex and rotate vertebral column</p>
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21

Transverse Abdominis- Action *deepest muscle of abdominal wall, horizontal fibers

compress abdominal contents

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22

Diaphragm- Action

flattens during respiration

<p>flattens during respiration</p>
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23

External Intercostals-Action

elevate rib cage/ inspiration

<p>elevate rib cage/ inspiration</p>
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24

Internal intercostals- Action

depress rib cage/ expiration

<p>depress rib cage/ expiration</p>
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25

Pectoralis Major- Origin

medial clavicle, sternum, ribs 1-7 (cartilage)

<p>medial clavicle, sternum, ribs 1-7 (cartilage)</p>
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26

Pectoralis Major- Insertion

Intertubercular sulcus of humerus

<p>Intertubercular sulcus of humerus</p>
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27

Pectoralis Major- Action

Shoulder flexion and adduction

<p>Shoulder flexion and adduction</p>
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28

"Serratus Anterior ""boxer's muscle""- Action"

Abduct scapula (protraction), stabilize scapula against rib cage

<p>Abduct scapula (protraction), stabilize scapula against rib cage</p>
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29

Rhomboids (major and minor)- Origin

SP C7-T5

<p>SP C7-T5</p>
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30

Rhomboids- Insertion

Medial border of scapula

<p>Medial border of scapula</p>
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31

Rhomboids- Action

Adduct scapula (retraction)

<p>Adduct scapula (retraction)</p>
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32

Trapezius (upper, middle, lower)- Origin

external occipital protuberance

<p>external occipital protuberance</p>
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33

Trapezius- Insertion

lateral clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula

<p>lateral clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula</p>
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34

Trapezius- Action

Adduct and elevate scapula

<p>Adduct and elevate scapula</p>
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35

Latissimus Dorsi- origin

SP T7-12, inferior 4 ribs, iliac crest

<p>SP T7-12, inferior 4 ribs, iliac crest</p>
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36

Latissimus Dorsi- Insertion

intertubercular sulcus of humerus

<p>intertubercular sulcus of humerus</p>
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37

Latissimus Dorsi- action

Extension and Adduction of Humerus

<p>Extension and Adduction of Humerus</p>
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38

Deltoid (anterior, middle, posterior)- Origin

Lateral Clavicle, Acromion, Spine of Scapula

<p>Lateral Clavicle, Acromion, Spine of Scapula</p>
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39

Deltoid- Insertion

Deltoid Tuberosity

<p>Deltoid Tuberosity</p>
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40

Deltoid (anterior)- Action

Shoulder flexion

<p>Shoulder flexion</p>
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41

Deltoid (middle)- Action

Shoulder abduction

<p>Shoulder abduction</p>
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42

Deltoid (posterior)- Action

Shoulder extension

<p>Shoulder extension</p>
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43

"Rotator cuff ""SITS"" muscles"

Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Subscapularis

<p>Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Subscapularis</p>
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44

Supraspinatus- Origin

Supraspinous Fossa (scapula)

<p>Supraspinous Fossa (scapula)</p>
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45

Supraspinatus-Action

Initiate abduction of humerus

<p>Initiate abduction of humerus</p>
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46

Infraspinatus- Origin

Infraspinous Fossa

<p>Infraspinous Fossa</p>
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47

Infraspinatus-Action

lateral rotation of humerus

<p>lateral rotation of humerus</p>
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48

Teres Minor- Origin

lateral border of scapula

<p>lateral border of scapula</p>
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49

Teres Minor- Action

lateral rotation of humerus

<p>lateral rotation of humerus</p>
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50

Insertion of all "SIT"

greater tubercle of humerus

<p>greater tubercle of humerus</p>
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51

Subscapularis- Origin

subscapular fossa

<p>subscapular fossa</p>
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52

Subscapularis- Action

medial rotation of humerus and adduction

<p>medial rotation of humerus and adduction</p>
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53

Subscapularis- Insertion

Lesser tubercle of humerus

<p>Lesser tubercle of humerus</p>
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54

Triceps Brachii (long, medial, lateral head)-Origin

infraglenoid tubercle (below glenoid of humerus)

<p>infraglenoid tubercle (below glenoid of humerus)</p>
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55

Triceps Brachii (long, medial, lateral head)-Origin

posterior humerus (radial groove)

<p>posterior humerus (radial groove)</p>
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56

Triceps Brachii (ALL)- Insertion

Olecranon of ulna

<p>Olecranon of ulna</p>
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57

Triceps Brachii (ALL)- Action

elbow extension

<p>elbow extension</p>
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58

Biceps brachii (long head)- Origin

supraglenoid tubercle

<p>supraglenoid tubercle</p>
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59

Biceps Brachii (short head)- Origin

coracoid process

<p>coracoid process</p>
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60

Biceps Brachii ( long and short head)- Insertion

radial tuberosity (proximal radius)

<p>radial tuberosity (proximal radius)</p>
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61

Biceps Brachii- Action

elbow flexion

<p>elbow flexion</p>
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62

Brachialis and Brachioradialis -Action

elbow flexion

<p>elbow flexion</p>
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63

Pronator Teres (superficial)- Origin

medial epicondyle (humerus)

<p>medial epicondyle (humerus)</p>
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64

Pronator Teres- Action

pronation

<p>pronation</p>
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65

Flexor Carpi Radialis- Origin

medial epicondyle (humerus)

<p>medial epicondyle (humerus)</p>
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66

Flexor Carpi Radialis- Insertion

ventral surface of 2nd metacarpal (thumb side)

<p>ventral surface of 2nd metacarpal (thumb side)</p>
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67

Flexor Capri Radialis- Action

Wrist Flexion

<p>Wrist Flexion</p>
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68

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis- Origin

medial epicondyle (humerus)

<p>medial epicondyle (humerus)</p>
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69

Flexor digitorum superficialis - Insertion

ventral surface of middle phalanges (2-5)

<p>ventral surface of middle phalanges (2-5)</p>
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70

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis- Action

flex phalanges

<p>flex phalanges</p>
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71

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus- Origin

lateral epicondyle (humerus)

<p>lateral epicondyle (humerus)</p>
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72

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus- Action

wrist extension

<p>wrist extension</p>
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73

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus- Insertion

dorsal surface of 2nd metacarpal (thumb side)

<p>dorsal surface of 2nd metacarpal (thumb side)</p>
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74

Extensor Digitorum- Origin

lateral epicondyle (humerus)

<p>lateral epicondyle (humerus)</p>
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75

Extensor Digitorum- Insertion

Dorsal surface of middle phalanges (2-5)

<p>Dorsal surface of middle phalanges (2-5)</p>
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76

Extensor Digitorum- Action

Extend Phalanges

<p>Extend Phalanges</p>
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77

Iliopsoas also does what

flex trunk at hip

<p>flex trunk at hip</p>
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78

Iliopsoas (psoas major)- Origin

lumbar vertebrae

<p>lumbar vertebrae</p>
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79

Iliopsoas (iliacus)- origin

iliac fossa

<p>iliac fossa</p>
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80

Iliopsoas (both)- Insertion

Lesser trochanter

<p>Lesser trochanter</p>
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81

Sartorius- Origin

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine

<p>Anterior Superior Iliac Spine</p>
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82

Sartorius- Insertion

proximal medial tibia

<p>proximal medial tibia</p>
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83

Rectus Femoris- Origin

Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine

<p>Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine</p>
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84

Rectus Femoris- Insertion

Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon

<p>Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon</p>
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85

Gluteus Maximus- Origin

iliac crest, posterior iliac fossa

<p>iliac crest, posterior iliac fossa</p>
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86

Gluteus Maximus- insertion

Gluteal tuberosity on femur

<p>Gluteal tuberosity on femur</p>
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87

Hamstrings (semi group and biceps femoris)- origin

Ischial tuberosity

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88

Hamstrings (Semitendinosus)- Insertion

proximal medial tibia via pes anserine tendon

<p>proximal medial tibia via pes anserine tendon</p>
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89

Hamstrings (semimembranosus)- Insertion

medial condyle of tibia

<p>medial condyle of tibia</p>
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90

Hamstrings (Biceps Femoris [long head])- Insertion

Fibula head

<p>Fibula head</p>
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91

TFL- Origin

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine, iliac crest (anterior)

<p>Anterior Superior Iliac Spine, iliac crest (anterior)</p>
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92

TFL- Insertion

IT band

<p>IT band</p>
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93

Hip Abductors

Gluteus medius, minimus, Sartorius

<p>Gluteus medius, minimus, Sartorius</p>
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94

Pectineus-Origin

superior pubic ramus

<p>superior pubic ramus</p>
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95

Pectineus- Insertion

Proximal Medial femur to linea tendon

<p>Proximal Medial femur to linea tendon</p>
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96

Gracilis- Origin

inferior pubic ramus

<p>inferior pubic ramus</p>
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97

Gracilis-Insertion (HIP Adductor)

Proximal medial tibia via pes anserine tendon

<p>Proximal medial tibia via pes anserine tendon</p>
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98

Adductor Magnus, Brevis, Longus- origin

Ischial ramus and inferior pubic ramus, body of pubis

<p>Ischial ramus and inferior pubic ramus, body of pubis</p>
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99

Adductor Magnus, Brevis, Longus- Insertion

Adductor tubercle

<p>Adductor tubercle</p>
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100

Lateral Hip Rotators

Piriformis, Superior gemellus, Inferior Gemellus, Obturator Internus

<p>Piriformis, Superior gemellus, Inferior Gemellus, Obturator Internus</p>
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