Holocaust Vocabulary

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27 Terms

1

holocaust

a fast burning fire that destroys everything in its past

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2

genocide

the systematic killing of a target group of people

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3

selection

the euphemism used by Nazis when they chose who would live and die

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4

final solution

the euphemism for Hitler's plan to murder all Jews

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5

Judenrein

"free from Jews"

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6

antisemitism

racist hatred and fear of Jewish people

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7

myth

a false narrative used to spread misinformation/lies about a group of people

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8

prejudice

A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often an ethnic or racial minority

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9

stereotype

a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea or label of a particular type of person or thing

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10

indifference

lack of interest, concern, or sympathy for fellow human beings

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11

dehumanization

the act of viewing and treating others deemed "inferior" or "unsuitable" as nonhumans; dangerous because it liberates people to commit crimes against humanity without consideration or remorse

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12

objectification

the action of degrading someone to the status of a mere object

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13

Nazi

Hitler's racist political party

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14

gestapo

secret police in charge of silencing political opposition to Hitler

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15

SS

the Schutzstaffel -- the elite paramilitary forces in charge of Jewish removal and concentration camps

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16

Ghetto

separate section of a city or town where Jews were forced to live in overcrowded housing

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17

Euthanasia Program

The Nazi program of systematically killing people deemed superfluous or threatening to Germany's racial health because of their physical or mental disabilities

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18

euphemism

an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive; for instance, "collateral damage" is used to cover up "war murder"

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19

Dr. Mengele

"the Angel of Death" doctor who performed unethical experiments on prisoners

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20

Auschwitz

the largest death camp, located in Poland

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21

Birkenau

reception center for Auschwitz

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22

Kapo

prisoners put in charge of the camps

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23

Roma

Also known as "Gypsies," 200 thousand of this ethnic group in Europe was exterminated by the Nazis

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24

55 million

the approximate number of WWII casualties

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25

6 million

the number of Jews Hitler exterminated; two-thirds of the 9 million European Jews

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26

700,000

European Jews who emigrated to Israel after the Holocaust

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27

250,000

Number of mentally and physically disabled persons murdered

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