Sectional Anatomy Unit 1

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Ordering Practioner

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Tags and Description

Before, During, After & Terminology of Anatomy and Sonography

70 Terms

1

Ordering Practioner

physician (doctor) PA, nurse practitioner who sees the patient and orders the exam

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2

Sonographer

performs and records ultrasound study

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3

reading physcian

provides final legal interpretation of ultrasound findings. creates final report

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4

Exam order

Ultrasound request form

Has patient identification (NAME and DOB)

Symptoms/Reason for exam

Has ICD 10 Code (Code of diagnosis or symptoms)

Type of exam requested

physician signature

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5

Patient chart (medical record)

Patient info (identifying and contact info)

medical history

physical exam results

symptoms

previous imaging results

lab results

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6

electronic medical record (EMR)

digital computerized medical record

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7

Standard precautions

treat every patient as though they may have a blood borne or infectious disease

clean/disinfect ultrasound system between patients

wear appropriate PPE

handwashing

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8

Curved transducer

Abdominal exam, trans abdominal pelvicl

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9

linear transducer

vascular and small parts

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10

sector transducer

cardiac

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11

endocavity transducer

transvaginal

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12

protocol

anatomic images and measurements required for the ordered exam

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13

Preliminary findings

technical observations, comments, may include worksheet of measurement

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14

PACS system

computerized method of storing,transmitting and displaying medical images

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15

DICOM

PACS are stored in this format

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16

Differential diagnosis

other possible cause of finding

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17
<p>anechoic</p>

anechoic

echo free appearance

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18

echo texture

sonographic appearance of tissue within the body

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19
<p>hypoechoic</p>

hypoechoic

less echogenic

darker than another structure

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20
<p>isoechoic</p>

isoechoic

the same echogenicity, the same shade as another structure

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21
<p>hyperechoic</p>

hyperechoic

more echogenic, brighter than another structure

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22

pulsed wave doppler

aka spectral (speed and direction of blood flow)

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23

Color doppler

presence and direction of blood flow

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24
<p>cystic</p>

cystic

fluid filled

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25
<p>solid</p>

solid

composed of tissue

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26
<p>Homogeneous</p>

Homogeneous

similar or uniform echo pattern

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27
<p>heterogeneous</p>

heterogeneous

irregular or mixed echo pattern

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28
<p>simple</p>

simple

uncomplicated, usually referring to cysts

anechoic, unilocular, thin smooth wall, no blood flow

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29
<p>complex</p>

complex

composed of both tissue and fluid

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30
<p>septations</p>

septations

thin membranes within a mass

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31

ipsilateral

on the same sideco

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32

contralateral

on the opposite side

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33

NPO

nothing by mouth

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34

neoplasm

any abnormal growth

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35

benign

non-cancerous

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36

malignant

cancerous

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37

diffuse disease

disease throughout an organ

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38

superior or cephalic

towards the head

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39

inferior or caudal

towards the feet

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40

anterior or ventral

front of body

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41

posterior or ventral

back of body

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42

medial

towards middle of body

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43

lateral

towards edge of body

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44

proximal

towards the heart

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45

distal

further from the heart

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46

subcostal

beneath or below the ribs

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47

intercoastal

between the ribs

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48

midline

vertical line- center of body

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49

midclavicular

vertical line- middle of clavicles

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50

xiphoid process

lower end of sternum

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51

umbilicus

belly button

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52

sternal notch

top of sternum

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53

iliac crest

top of hip bones

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54

symphysis pubis

joint of Lt and Rt pubic bones

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55

Right hypochondriac region

upper left

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56

epigastric region

top middle

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57

left hypochondriac region

top right

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58

right lumbar region

middle left

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59

umbilical region

middle middle

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60

left lumber region

right middle

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61

right iliac region

lower left

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62

hypogastric region

lower middle

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63

left iliac region

right bottom

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64

sagittal plane

longitudinal, long

divides body into left and right

the transducer is towards patients head

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65

transverse plane

divides body into superior and inferior

notch is towards machine

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66

coronal plane

divides body anterior to posterior

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67

Supine

laying on back, indicator towards machine

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68

prone

laying on belly, indicator towards machine

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69

left lateral decubitus (LLD)

patient lays on left side

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70

right lateral decubitus (RLD)

patients lays on right side

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