Fallacies of Argument

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Fallacy of Dichotomy

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13 Terms

1

Fallacy of Dichotomy

makes the argument either/or

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2

Post Hoc

because something happened first, the following event was the effect

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3

slippery slope

a dramatic chain reaction will occur if a certain action is taken

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4

invalid analogies

an extreme comparison of two unalike things

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5

straw man

sets up overly weak or vague version of opponent’s argument and brutally tears it down

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6

Ad Populum

because something is popular, it is right

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7

Appeal to Ignorance

because there is no evidence against a claim, it must be true.

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8

Faulty Generalization

too broad of a claim based on the sample size

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9

Personal Attack

attack the character of the opponent in the argument

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10

Circular Reasoning

repeats the claim in different words but with same meaning

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11

Red Herring

distracts from the argument by bringing up an irrelevant point

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12

Fallacy of Composition

part of an issue is true so the whole thing is true

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13

appeal to tradition

this is what we’ve done before, this is what we’ll do now

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