Anthropology Review

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how many bones make up the human skeleton

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1

how many bones make up the human skeleton

206

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2

how many bones make up the fetal skeleton

300

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3

which bone is most commonly used to determine height of the deceased

femur

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4

more than half _____

___ of the bones are found in the hands and feet

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5

sagittal structure on a skull can be used to determine a persons

age

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6

compared to the male, the mandible of a female is

round

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7

compared to the male, the female skeleton will have a pelvis that is

wider and a pubic angle greater than 90 degrees

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8

_____ can be determines by measuring specific long bones and calculating from known equations

height

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9

when identifying victims of disasters, approx 93% of identifications are made on the basis of what?

dna analysis and dental records

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10

a physical anthropologist

studies skeletal remains

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11

field of science that involves retrieving and identifying skeletal remains

forensic anthropology

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12

what 4 things do we want to know about a skeleton

-sex

-height

-age

-biological ancestor

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13

teeth are

most useful for developing a profile of a person

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14

to determine sex u examine

the skull, pelvis, humerus and femur

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15

to determine age and height u examine

teeth, bone growth, cranial structure and length of femur bones

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16

to determine race u examine

the skull

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17

ct scan

visualizes internal

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18

x-ray

visualizes bone structure

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19

mass spectrometer

trace elements, health

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20

scanning electron microscope

see very small details

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21

dna analysis

samples of bones

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22

bone is made up of

calcium

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23

things that can be mistaken for bone:

wood, metals, sheetrock, plaster

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24

how to tell if something is a bone

shape, structure, texture, chemical composition

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25

the human body is very

unique!! :)

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26

when u find out if its bone, now u need to determine if it is

human

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27

the most unique bones in humans are the

skull, vertebral column, hands, feet and pelvis

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28

human teeth have

generalized incisors that are not large or small

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29

humans have ____ thumbs

opposable

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30

carpal and tarsal bones

are distinct and unfused

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31

humans have 5 distinct metacarpal and metatarsal bones on each

hand AND foot

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32

humans have _____ lumbar vertebrate

5

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33

humans have very large

hip bones (coxal bones)

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34

humans have a distinctive

triangular shaped scapula

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35

how much of a % are males larger than females?

6%-10%

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36

the pelvis is broader in a ____ due to the birth canal

female

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37

triangular pubic arch means the gender is

male

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38

rounded pubic arch means the gender is

female

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39

the brow ridge is more prominent in

males

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40

the jaw bone is more square in

males

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41

the mastoid process is the

bone behind the ear

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42

the mastoid process is more prominent in

males

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43

race can only be determined by

the cranium

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44

to determine age in a adult humans, scientists study

wear and decay on teeth

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45

symphyseal face of pubis starts out rough and it becomes

smooth with age

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46

forensic odontology aka

forensic dentistry

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47

no 2 individuals have identical

dentitions

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48

identification can sometimes be made from 1 ____

tooth

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49

teeth are the most ______ part of the human body

durable

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50

teeth may remain after decomposition, for example

a fire

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51

during the postmortem exam and the antemortem records,

a statement is to be made about each tooth

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52

things that independent of body structure

hair color, eye color and lips

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53

the functions of the skeletal system are to

protect, support and to produce blood cells

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54

compact bones is made up of

bone cells, calcium phosphate and matrix

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55

hardest structure in the body

enamel

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56

adults have ____ teeth

32

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57

babys have ____ teeth

20

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58

fontanels

are soft spots on the skull

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59

facial reconstruction is

when facial features are built on a skull to assist in identification

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60

the function of the red bone marrow is to

make blood cells

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