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________ was a collection of isolated city- states, each with a totally different culture and tradition.
Music consisted mainly of ________, rondeaux, and virelais.
________ symbolizes world turned upside down.
________: same concept but a recurring melody segment.
Jacques de liege
________- objected to imperfect duple division and use of syncopation.
________ can be marked with roman numerals at the start of each one.
________ saw people begin to separate science from religion and church from state and become creative (literacy, painting, secular music)
________ are florid in the upper voices but devoid of syncopation.
________ decorate the ends and sometimes beginnings of lines, end of every line is marked by a cadence (landini cadence)
________: equal rhythm; tenors laid out in segments of identical rhythm.
________ the same range as tenor and is also isorhythmic but has its own talea.
________ is set to lively, graphically descriptive words.
________: two voices alternate in rapid succession, one resting while the other sings.
Tenor cantus firmus
________ is the melody, divided into taleae of different lengths for each section.
________ is longer, rhythms more complex, whole line moves so slowly in comparison to upper voices that it is more of a foundation than a melody.
Philippe de vitry
________ wrote at least five motets in the roman de fauvel, using isorhythm.
French and ________ of the late fourteenth century became more refined and complex to cater to the tastes of increasingly polished performers and educated elite.
Thirteenth century ballate
________ were monophonic dance songs with choral refrains.
________ has flamboyant manuscript with lots of decorations.
Fixed forms (formes fixes) apply to secular music of the ________.