Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

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Mnemonics

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25 Terms

1

Mnemonics

Tools that help memory retrieval, such as patterns, rhymes, or sayings, used in spelling to recall word structure.

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2

Hear with your Ear

Technique of sounding out words to break down their structure and aid in spelling.

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3

Homophones

Words that sound the same but have different spellings and meanings, like witch/which and through/threw.

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4

Punctuation

Rules for punctuating sentences, including capitalization, full stops, exclamation marks, question marks, commas, apostrophes, and round brackets.

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5

Question mark are known as

Interrogative sentences

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6

What does apostrophes signify?

Apostrophes signify possession or omission in a sentence

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7

What are round brackets used for ?

They are used to add information to a sentence

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8

Sophisticated punctuation

Additional punctuation marks like ellipsis, colon, semi-colon, and separating lists.

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9

Grammar

Overview of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, connectives, and sentences.

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10

Simple sentences

Sentences with one main clause.

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11

Compound sentences

Sentences with multiple main clauses joined by a conjunction.

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12

Complex sentences

Sentences with an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

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13

Subjects and objects

The subject performs the action or is being described, while objects receive the action of the verb.

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14

Clauses

Main clauses contain a verb and a main idea, while subordinate clauses provide extra information in complex sentences.

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15

Common rule to remember past tense

add -ed to a verb

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16

Common rule to remember continous tense

add -ing to a verb

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17

Define verb

Verbs describe the action or state of the subject

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18

Define Adverb

Adverbs describe the extra details of verbs and adjectives

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19

Define Prepositions

Prepositions are words that show the relationship between a noun or pronouns

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20

Define Connectives

Connectives are words that help to join sentences, clauses and phrases together

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21

What does object answer?

It answers the question “what” or “whom” after the verb

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22

Define Semicolon

A semi-colon is used to organize the group information so that it is understandable by the reader

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23

Subordinate Clause

Subordinate clauses are not complete ideas and therefore can not function as independent sentences. 

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24

Define Commas

Commas are used to separate words in a clause or list in a sentence

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25

Exclamation mark is often used to

add emphasis, outrageous or to show excitement

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