Western Classical Tradition from 1910

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Western Classical Tradition from 1910

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Western Classical Tradition from 1910

This era marks a transition from late Romanticism to modernism

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2

Aaron Copland

Composer of Saturday Night Waltz and Hoedown

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3

Saturday Night Waltz

is a section from Copland's ballet "Rodeo," premiered in 1942, depicting American cowboy life.

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4

Ternary form (ABA)

Form of Saturday Night Waltz

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5

modal

Saturday Night Waltz ix a mix of diatonic and ____ harmonies, sometimes bitonal or polytonal.

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6

Moderato waltz

Tempo of Saturday Night Waltz

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7

Hoedown

a lively dance celebrating American frontier spirit that features rhythmic drive and folk-inspired melodies, reflecting Copland's interest in American vernacular music.

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8

Rondo form

Form of Hoedown (ABACADA)

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9

Mixolydian

____________ mode, typical of American folk music.

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10

brass and percussion

Timbre of Hoedown is orchestral with prominent ____________, evoking a rustic atmosphere.

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11

John Adams

(b. 1947), American composer known for his eclectic style and rhythmic complexity.

Influenced by minimalism, jazz, and contemporary American culture.

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12

Steve Reich

Known for his innovative use of repetition and phase shifting techniques.

Influential in the development of minimalism as a distinct musical style.

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13

Terry Riley

(b. 1935), American composer known for his improvisational techniques and minimalist compositions.

Pioneered the use of tape loops and electronics in minimalist music.

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14

Malcolm Arnold

(1921-2006), English composer known for his symphonies, ballets, and film scores. Influenced by jazz, folk music, and modernist techniques.

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15

Peter Maxwell Davies

(1934-2016), Scottish composer known for avant-garde and experimental works. Committed to challenging musical conventions and exploring new forms of expression.

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16

Benjamin Britten

(1913-1976), English composer known for operas, choral works, and orchestral compositions. Established a unique voice in British music, blending lyricism with modernist techniques.

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17

John Tavener

(1944-2013), English composer known for spiritual and minimalist compositions.

Explored religious themes and transcendent experiences in his music.

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18

Eastern Orthodox

John Tavener gained recognition for his choral works and minimalist compositions.

Influenced by ___________ spirituality and minimalism.

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19

resonance

Timbre used by John Tavener is Choral and orchestral textures, focusing on ____________ and spiritual depth.

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20

avant-garde

Peter Davies is using complex and irregular rhythm influenced by folk dance rhythms and _________ techniques.

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21

Atonal

Peter Davies’ tonality is ______ with occasional tonal centers for contrast and expressive effect.

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22

jazz

Arnold uses varied, often rhythmic vitality and syncopation influenced by ____.

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23

open-ended

RIley often uses ________ structures with repetitive loops or improvisatory sections.

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24

Western Classical Tradition

The era saw developments in music theory, including new approaches to harmony, rhythm, and form. These innovations continue to influence contemporary composition and analysis.

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25

dissonance

In this era, composers sought new expressions and broke away from traditional tonality, exploring _____________ and polytonality

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