Constitution Vocabulary

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Federalism

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19 Terms

1

Federalism

A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments

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2

Preamble

The introduction to the Constitution

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3

Judicial Review

The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional

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4

Impeach

To accuse a government official of misconduct in office

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5

Veto

To reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law

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6

Amend

To add to or change the Constitution

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7

Executive Branch

The branch that makes sure laws are followed; led by the President

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8

Judicial Branch

The branch that explains what the laws mean and how they apply in specific cases; led by the Supreme Court

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9

Legislative Branch

The branch that makes new laws; led by Congress

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10

Habeas Corpus

Constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment

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11

Ex Post Facto

A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed

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12

Extradition

A legal process whereby a state surrenders a person charged with a crime to the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed

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13

Articles of Confederation

The first constitution of the United States

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14

Great Compromise

The agreement at the Constitutional Convention which created two houses of Congress

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15

Inflation

A rise in prices due to a drop in the value of money

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16

Shays’ Rebellion

The event that led to the Constitutional Convention

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17

Separation of Powers

A system in which powers are divided between different branches of government

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18

Cabinet

The secretaries of the executive branch departments that advise the president

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19

Ratify

To officially approve

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