AP Unit 1 families in Different societies

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独生子女

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154 Terms

1

独生子女

dú shēng zǐ nǚ (only child)

我女儿是独生子女。

<p>dú shēng zǐ nǚ (only child)</p><p>我女儿是独生子女。</p>
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家庭*

jiā tíng - family; household; home

每个人都有家庭。

<p>jiā tíng - family; household; home</p><p>每个人都有家庭。</p>
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四世同堂

sì shì tóng táng (four generations under one roof, idiom)

随着科技的进步,社会的发展,今天的中国,人们已经不再四世同堂,子女们都各自有着自己的房子。

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望子成龙

wàng zǐ chéng lóng (to hope that one's son will become successful)

即使是今天even today, 中国的家长们还是都望子成龙,望女成凤。

<p>wàng zǐ chéng lóng (to hope that one's son will become successful)</p><p>即使是今天even today, 中国的家长们还是都望子成龙,望女成凤。</p>
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望女成凤

wàng nǚ chéng fèng

to hope that one's daughter will become a phoenix (successful)

<p>wàng nǚ chéng fèng</p><p>to hope that one's daughter will become a phoenix (successful)</p>
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传宗接代

chuán zōng jiē dài

have a son to carry on the family name, continue the ancestral line

今天的中国北方,还是有很多男人希望有一个儿子,可以给他传宗接代。

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孝顺

xiàoshùn, to show filial piety; obedient and respectful to one's parents

我的女儿对我非常孝顺。

<p>xiàoshùn, to show filial piety; obedient and respectful to one's parents</p><p>我的女儿对我非常孝顺。</p>
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8

家长*

jiāzhǎng-the parent or guardian of a child

我们学校明天晚上开家长会。

<p>jiāzhǎng-the parent or guardian of a child</p><p>我们学校明天晚上开家长会。</p>
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家长制

jiā zhǎng zhì-Paternalism

家长制害苦了很多孩子。The patriarchal system has hurt many family children.

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计划生育

jìhuàshēngyù- Birth control, One child policy became law in 1978.

因为中国的计划生育,所以,我只有一个女儿。

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多子女

duō zǐ nǚ - more children

美国大多数的家庭是多子女。

<p>duō zǐ nǚ - more children</p><p>美国大多数的家庭是多子女。</p>
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四二一家庭*

sì èr yī jiā tíng-one child, two parents, and four grandparents family model.

四二一家庭的那个独生子女有很大的压力。因为要照顾爷爷奶奶,外公外婆和爸爸妈妈。

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溺爱

nì ài (to negatively spoil a child)

被父母溺爱了的孩子,长大以后是很可悲的。

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压力

yā lì- pressure, burden

高中毕业以前,学习压力很大。

<p>yā lì- pressure, burden</p><p>高中毕业以前,学习压力很大。</p>
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15

开放二胎

Kāifàng èr tāi-Open for the second child (policy, since 2015 ). 开放-to open, 胎-have babies

中国政府从2015年10月29日开放二胎。

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16

长幼有序

Zhǎng yòu yǒu xù-respect for seniority,长older,幼younger,序Orderly

This is the value of siblings in traditional Chinese families. 在中国,我们从小就懂得长幼有序,我得尊敬我的姐姐们,爱护我的妹妹。

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称呼

chēnghu-call; address, a form of address appellation

先生,怎么称呼您?我姓王!王先生您好!

<p>chēnghu-call; address, a form of address appellation</p><p>先生,怎么称呼您?我姓王!王先生您好!</p>
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人口*

rén kǒu - population

2020年1月,中国人口已经达到十四亿。

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增长

zēng zhǎng - increase; rise; grow

COVID-19延缓了全球经济的增长的速度。COVID-19 has delayed the growth of the global economy.

<p>zēng zhǎng - increase; rise; grow</p><p>COVID-19延缓了全球经济的增长的速度。COVID-19 has delayed the growth of the global economy.</p>
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20

控制

kòng zhì-control, contain

如果8月的时候,COVID-19被控制住了,我们就可以回到学校了!

<p>kòng zhì-control, contain</p><p>如果8月的时候,COVID-19被控制住了,我们就可以回到学校了!</p>
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21

传统

chuán tǒng-tradition; traditional

我们都要尊重别人的传统价值观。We all have to respect the traditional values of others.

<p>chuán tǒng-tradition; traditional</p><p>我们都要尊重别人的传统价值观。We all have to respect the traditional values of others.</p>
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22

长辈*

zhǎng bèi - older generation

我们要尊重长辈。尊重:respect

<p>zhǎng bèi - older generation</p><p>我们要尊重长辈。尊重:respect</p>
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晚辈*

wǎnbèi-younger generation

我们要爱护晚辈。

<p>wǎnbèi-younger generation</p><p>我们要爱护晚辈。</p>
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24

政府

zhèng fǔ-government 美国政府正在全力抗击COVID-19. 抗击fight

<p>zhèng fǔ-government 美国政府正在全力抗击COVID-19. 抗击fight</p>
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政策

zhèngcè-(n. policy)

因为中国的计划生育政策,所以很多独生子女都被溺爱坏了。

<p>zhèngcè-(n. policy)</p><p>因为中国的计划生育政策,所以很多独生子女都被溺爱坏了。</p>
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宠爱

chǒng'ài-to dote on; to favor 我太宠爱我的猫了!

<p>chǒng'ài-to dote on; to favor 我太宠爱我的猫了!</p>
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27

宝贝

bǎo bèi-treasured object; treasure; darling; baby; cowry; good-for-nothing or queer character

我叫我的学生是"宝贝",因为他们都是我的宝贝!

<p>bǎo bèi-treasured object; treasure; darling; baby; cowry; good-for-nothing or queer character</p><p>我叫我的学生是"宝贝",因为他们都是我的宝贝!</p>
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28

皇帝

huáng dì-emperor: forbidden city 是中国清代皇帝的家。

<p>huáng dì-emperor: forbidden city 是中国清代皇帝的家。</p>
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29

自私*

zì sī -selfish / selfishness 我的猫很自私,他总是想要我只爱他自己。

<p>zì sī -selfish / selfishness 我的猫很自私,他总是想要我只爱他自己。</p>
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30

孤独

gū dú-lonely

学校不上课的时候,我常常觉得很孤独。

<p>gū dú-lonely</p><p>学校不上课的时候,我常常觉得很孤独。</p>
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31

弱点

Ruò diǎn-weakness 我的弱点就是记得的英语单词很快又忘了。My weakness is that the English words I remember quickly forget again.

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32

出生

chū shēng (to be born) 我是2000年出生的。

<p>chū shēng (to be born) 我是2000年出生的。</p>
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父母

fù mǔ-parents; father and mother 父母都爱自己的孩子。

<p>fù mǔ-parents; father and mother 父母都爱自己的孩子。</p>
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34

讨论

tǎolùn - to discuss 我们今天讨论email response.

<p>tǎolùn - to discuss 我们今天讨论email response.</p>
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受到

shòu dào - to receive; to obtain; to get 因为是女儿,所以,她小时候受到了不公正的待遇。Because she is a daughter, she received unjust expenses as a child.

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条件*

tiáo jiàn - condition, qualification 我们学校的教学条件不错。

<p>tiáo jiàn - condition, qualification 我们学校的教学条件不错。</p>
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良好教育

Liáng hǎo jiào yù-Good education 老师们都希望孩子们都受到良好教育。

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存钱

cún qián (deposit, some money in the back, save up money) 中国人喜欢存钱。

<p>cún qián (deposit, some money in the back, save up money) 中国人喜欢存钱。</p>
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收入

shōurù (income; earnings) 我二姐的收入很低。

<p>shōurù (income; earnings) 我二姐的收入很低。</p>
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指出

zhǐ chū- point out, indicate

<p>zhǐ chū- point out, indicate</p>
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课后班

Kè hòu bān-after school class

<p>Kè hòu bān-after school class</p>
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心事

xīn shì - something weighing on someone's mind

我一边走,一边想心事,一头撞到树上了。

<p>xīn shì - something weighing on someone's mind</p><p>我一边走,一边想心事,一头撞到树上了。</p>
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心情

xīng qíng-mood

我今天的心情太好了!因为孩子们都来上课了!

<p>xīng qíng-mood</p><p>我今天的心情太好了!因为孩子们都来上课了!</p>
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校内*

xiào nèi-inside the school 我们应该有效地预防校内霸凌。We should effectively prevent bullying in schools.

<p>xiào nèi-inside the school 我们应该有效地预防校内霸凌。We should effectively prevent bullying in schools.</p>
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校外*

xiàowài (outside school)

<p>xiàowài (outside school)</p>
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新闻

xīn wén-news

我每天都看新闻。

<p>xīn wén-news</p><p>我每天都看新闻。</p>
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侄女

zhí nǚ (niece)

<p>zhí nǚ (niece)</p>
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指导

zhǐ dǎo v/n-to guide; guidance

我不懂的时候,就给老师打电话,请他指导我。

<p>zhǐ dǎo v/n-to guide; guidance</p><p>我不懂的时候,就给老师打电话,请他指导我。</p>
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49

尊重

zūn zhòng - to respect; to value

<p>zūn zhòng - to respect; to value</p>
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50

赚钱

zhuànqián to earn money

<p>zhuànqián to earn money</p>
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51

自然

zìrán - nature; natural

我们都热爱大自然。

<p>zìrán - nature; natural</p><p>我们都热爱大自然。</p>
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知识

zhī shi knowledge, information

知识就是力量。

<p>zhī shi knowledge, information</p><p>知识就是力量。</p>
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奶奶

nǎi nai - grandmother (father's-side)

<p>nǎi nai - grandmother (father's-side)</p>
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爷爷

yé ye (father's father)

<p>yé ye (father's father)</p>
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上飞机

Shàng fēi jī-on board,

<p>Shàng fēi jī-on board,</p>
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做瑜伽

zuò yú jiā; To do Yoga

<p>zuò yú jiā; To do Yoga</p>
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零用钱

líng yòng qián - allowance

<p>líng yòng qián - allowance</p>
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闹别扭

nào bièniu;to have a small conflict; to be at odds (with someone)昨天我的猫闹别扭,因为我不许他跟我一起吃饭。

<p>nào bièniu;to have a small conflict; to be at odds (with someone)昨天我的猫闹别扭,因为我不许他跟我一起吃饭。</p>
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可靠*

kě kào - reliable; dependable 这个朋友很可靠。

<p>kě kào - reliable; dependable 这个朋友很可靠。</p>
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60

安排

ān pái (to arrange, arrangement) 你去安排一下明天的聚会。

<p>ān pái (to arrange, arrangement) 你去安排一下明天的聚会。</p>
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大人

dà rén- adult

<p>dà rén- adult</p>
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62

道理

dào li - reason; sense 你这样做没有道理。It makes no sense for you to do this.

<p>dào li - reason; sense 你这样做没有道理。It makes no sense for you to do this.</p>
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儿童

ér tóng - children

<p>ér tóng - children</p>
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guāi - obedient, well-behaved (of children)

我的学生很乖!

<p>guāi - obedient, well-behaved (of children)</p><p>我的学生很乖!</p>
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guǎn to control 请你管一下你的狗,他在大叫!

<p>guǎn to control 请你管一下你的狗,他在大叫!</p>
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教育

jiàoyù (to educate; education, schooling) 每个人都有接受教育的权利。

<p>jiàoyù (to educate; education, schooling) 每个人都有接受教育的权利。</p>
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67

厉害

lì hai - fierce; strict; harsh 你好厉害!

<p>lì hai - fierce; strict; harsh 你好厉害!</p>
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68

美满

měimǎn - happy, perfectly satisfactory 美满的家庭happy family

<p>měimǎn - happy, perfectly satisfactory 美满的家庭happy family</p>
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虎妈*

hǔ mā;tiger mom 我过去是个虎妈,我女儿很怕我。

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育儿

Yù'ér parenting

<p>Yù'ér parenting</p>
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(pín: 1. to be poor, 2. excessively talkative in a rumbling manner about trivial matters ) 贫穷的人需要帮助。

<p>(pín: 1. to be poor, 2. excessively talkative in a rumbling manner about trivial matters ) 贫穷的人需要帮助。</p>
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72

省(下来)

Shěng( xià lái)save it (something or money)

他把省下来的钱给了贫困儿童。

<p>Shěng( xià lái)save it (something or money)</p><p>他把省下来的钱给了贫困儿童。</p>
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73

美国梦

Měi guó mèng-American dream 在我们学校教我心爱的学生,我觉得我实现了美国梦。

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74

童年

tóngnián - childhood

<p>tóngnián - childhood</p>
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快乐童年

kuai le tong nian - happy childhood

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衣食住行

yī shí zhù xíng-basic necessities of life

衣clothing食food住housing行transpotation

<p>yī shí zhù xíng-basic necessities of life</p><p>衣clothing食food住housing行transpotation</p>
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77

起跑线

qǐ pǎo xiàn -Starting line

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发生

fā shēng-to occur; to happen

<p>fā shēng-to occur; to happen</p>
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79

棍棒教育

gùn bàng jiào yù-stick parenting

棍棒 stick

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80

好看

hǎo kàn - good looking (or good to watch for movie, book, etc...)

<p>hǎo kàn - good looking (or good to watch for movie, book, etc...)</p>
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81

口水

kǒu shǔi-saliva

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82

口味

kǒu wèi - taste

<p>kǒu wèi - taste</p>
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83

nèn (adj, soft, tender)

<p>nèn (adj, soft, tender)</p>
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84

放心

fàng xīn (set one's mind at rest; feel relieved)

<p>fàng xīn (set one's mind at rest; feel relieved)</p>
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85

分别

fēn bié-respectively; separately

<p>fēn bié-respectively; separately</p>
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86

风俗*

fēngsú-common customs

<p>fēngsú-common customs</p>
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fú (good luck, fortune, blessing)

<p>fú (good luck, fortune, blessing)</p>
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感恩节

gǎn ēn jié

Thanksgiving

<p>gǎn ēn jié</p><p>Thanksgiving</p>
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咕噜肉

Gū lū ròu - Sweet and Sour Pork

<p>Gū lū ròu - Sweet and Sour Pork</p>
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90

姑妈

gūmā (Aunt - father's sister)

<p>gūmā (Aunt - father's sister)</p>
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关照

to take care; to keep an eye on; to look after; to tell; to remind

<p>to take care; to keep an eye on; to look after; to tell; to remind</p>
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关系*

guān xi (relationship, guanxi concept)

<p>guān xi (relationship, guanxi concept)</p>
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归来

guilai, to return; to comeback

<p>guilai, to return; to comeback</p>
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柜子

guìzi-cabinet

<p>guìzi-cabinet</p>
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红包

hóng bāo (red packet)

<p>hóng bāo (red packet)</p>
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火锅

huǒ guō - hot pot

<p>huǒ guō - hot pot</p>
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家教

jiājiào-private tutor

<p>jiājiào-private tutor</p>
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家务

jiāwù housework

<p>jiāwù housework</p>
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家乡

jiā xiāng - hometown

<p>jiā xiāng - hometown</p>
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饯行

jiàn xíng - to give a farewell dinner

<p>jiàn xíng - to give a farewell dinner</p>
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