Honors World History Chapter 4B: The Roman Empire

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"Rome in peace"

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1

"Rome in peace"

What does "Pax Romana" mean?

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2

Praenomen

What was your first name known as in Rome?

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3

Nomen

What was your second name known as in Rome?

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4

Cognomen

What was your third name known as in Rome?

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5

Agnomen

What was your fourth name known as in Rome?

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6

Princeps

What name was given to the first citizens of Rome?

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7

Augustus

What title given by the Senate was a title of dignity associated with Roman gods?

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8

Created a stable currency based on gold and silver coins

How did Augustus increase trade? (Reason #1)

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9

Freed the Mediterranean Sea of piracy

How did Augustus increase trade? (Reason #2)

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10

Made Greek and Latin universal languages

How did Augustus increase trade? (Reason #3)

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11

Placed qualified men into government positions regardless of social standing

How did Augustus remove corruption? (Reason #1)

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12

Reorganized the provincial government to weed out corruption

How did Augustus remove corruption? (Reason #2)

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13

Placed limits on extravagant living

How did Augustus remove corruption? (Reason #3)

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14

Punished immorality

How did Augustus remove corruption? (Reason #4)

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15

Created police, firefighting, and postal services

How did Augustus build infrastructure? (Reason #1)

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16

Ordered a census

How did Augustus build infrastructure? (Reason #2)

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17

Promoted family life and morality

How did Augustus build infrastructure? (Reason #3)

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18

Cicero

Who was the greatest orator of his day?

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19

Rhetoric

What are the rules of speech and writing known as?

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20

Virgil

Who wrote "Aeneid" and was known as the "Homer of Rome"?

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21

Horace

Who was known as the "Poet of the Augustan Age" and used satire to warn against materialism?

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22

Ovid

Who wrote "Metamorphoses" but was exiled?

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23

Livy

Who wrote a 142-volume history of Rome?

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24

Juvenal

Who used bitter satires to discuss the problems of the empire?

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25

Tacitus

Who wrote "Annals," a book that was pessimistic about the problems of the empire?

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26

Library of Alexandria

Which library in Egypt was the center of Greek learning?

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27

Plutarch

Which Greek biographer wrote about important Greek and Roman leaders?

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28

Galen

Which Greek physician was the medical authority of the MIddle Ages?

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29

Ptolemy

Which Greek astronomer and mathematician came up with the theory of a geocentric universe?

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30

August 24, AD 79

When did Mount Vesuvius erupt? Include the month, day, and year.

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31

Portrait busts and relief sculptures

Which two art styles did the Romans excel in?

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32

Arches and vaults

What did the Romans use to enclose large spaces with domes?

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33

Aqueducts

What bridges delivered water to cities from larger reservoirs?

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34

Colosseum

Which amphitheater took around ten years to build and was originally named the Flavian Amphitheater?

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35

Actors

Who were the unwilling participants in the Colosseum?

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36

Epicureanism

Which philosophy avoids fear and pain throughout life?

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37

There is nothing to fear in god.

What was the first main principle of Epicureanism?

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38

There is nothing to fear in death.

What was the second main principle of Epicureanism?

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39

Good is easily obtained.

What was the third main principle of Epicureanism?

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40

Evil is easily endured.

What was the fourth main principle of Epicureanism?

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41

Stoicism

Which philosophy was founded by Zeno?

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42

Seneca

Who tutored Nero and believed that Stoicism was the solution to Rome's problems?

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43

Pursue courage

The highest good any person could do, according to Stoicism, was to _____ _____, have dignity, do your duty, have simplicity, and be in service to others.

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44

Have dignity

The highest good any person could do, according to Stoicism, was to pursue courage, _____ _____, do your duty, have simplicity, and be in service to others.

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45

Do your duty

The highest good any person could do, according to Stoicism, was to pursue courage, have dignity, _____ _____ _____, have simplicity, and be in service to others.

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46

Have simplicity

The highest good any person could do, according to Stoicism, was to pursue courage, have dignity, do your duty, _____ _____, and be in service to others.

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47

Be in service

The highest good any person could do, according to Stoicism, was to pursue courage, have dignity, do your duty, have simplicity, and _____ _____ _____ to others.

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48

Marcus Aurelius

Which devout Stoic was the last emperor of the Pax Romana?

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49

Pontifex maximus

According to Roman emperor worship, who was the only one who knew how to appease the gods?

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50

Greatest priest

What does "pontifex maximus" mean in Roman emperor worship?

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51

Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and the rest of the world

Where did Jesus want his disciples to be witnesses of Him?

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52

They were scared that Rome would punish them.

Why did the Jewish leaders persecute Christians? (Reason #1)

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53

They thought they were losing power.

Why did the Jewish leaders persecute Christians? (Reason #2)

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54

Paul

Which Roman citizen, Jewish leader, and Tarsus citizen persecuted the Christians?

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55

"Haters of humanity"

Because they didn't follow along in Greek and Roman culture, what did the Romans call the Christians?

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56

Nero

Under which emperor did Christian persecution begin?

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57

Dismissed Christian soldiers from the army

What did Diocletian do to Christians during his rule? (#1)

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58

Ordered that Christian churches be destroyed

What did Diocletian do to Christians during his rule? (#2)

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59

Burnt copies of Scripture

What did Diocletian do to Christians during his rule? (#3)

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60

Sacrificed them to pagan gods or killed them

What did Diocletian do to Christians during his rule? (#4)

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61

Constantine

Which Roman emperor claimed to have seen a vision of a cross before battle and made Christianity legal?

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62

AD 313

In what year was the Edict of Milan passed? Include BC or AD.

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63

Restored seized property

What did Constantine do after making Christianity legal? (#1)

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64

Made Sunday a legal holiday

What did Constantine do after making Christianity legal? (#2)

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65

Contributed to new churches

What did Constantine do after making Christianity legal? (#3)

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66

Encouraged the acceptance of Christianity

What did Constantine do after making Christianity legal? (#4)

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67

Arius

Which deacon taught that Christ wasn't God and denied His deity?

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68

AD 325

When was the council of Nicaea formed?

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69

Theodosius I

Who made Christianity the official and exclusive religion of the Rome Empire?

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70

They feared retaliation.

Why did people in Rome convert to Christianity after Theodosius I made it the exclusive religion of Rome? (#1)

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71

It was popular.

Why did people in Rome convert to Christianity after Theodosius I made it the exclusive religion of Rome? (#2)

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72

They truly converted.

Why did people in Rome convert to Christianity after Theodosius I made it the exclusive religion of Rome? (#3)

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73

Monasticism

What is the lifestyle of withdrawing from all worldly cares and practicing strict discipline and religious exercise?

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74

Lots of inefficiency and waste

What contributed to political disorder in the Roman Empire? (#1)

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75

Unstable leadership

What contributed to political disorder in the Roman Empire? (#2)

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76

Corrupted military

What contributed to political disorder in the Roman Empire? (#3)

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77

Political turmoil, assassination, civil war

How did the cycle of political disorder go in Rome?

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78

Depleted treasury

What contributed to Rome's economic troubles? (#1)

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79

Increased taxes

What contributed to Rome's economic troubles? (#2)

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80

Inflation

What contributed to Rome's economic troubles? (#3)

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81

Bureaucrcy

What is a government made up of many departments and a division of unelected officials?

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82

Less silver and gold in coins

What contributed to inflation in the Roman Empire? (#1)

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83

Bartering system

What contributed to inflation in the Roman Empire? (#2)

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84

Augusti

What name was given to Diocletian's co-emperors?

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85

Caesars

What name was given to the each of the augusti's heirs?

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86

Gave the death penalty to those who charged others more than they should

How did Diocletian attempt to bring about economic stability? (#1)

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87

Added gold and silver coins back into the economy

How did Diocletian attempt to bring about economic stability? (#2)

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88

Reformed the tax system

How did Diocletian attempt to bring about economic stability? (#3)

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89

Byzantium

Also known as "New Rome," what capital city was eventually renamed Constantinople?

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90

Roman Empire

What name was given to the western half of the empire after Theodosius I split it?

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91

Byzantine Empire

What name was given to the eastern half of the empire after Theodosius I split it?

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92

Germanic tribes

What name is given to people groups who speak a particular dialect?

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93

Angles, Saxons, Franks, Vandals, and Goths

Name the five Germanic tribes.

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94

Barbarians

What name was given to those who didn't share Greek and Roman culture?

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95

Huns

Which fierce, nomadic tribe was from Asia?

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96

Attila

Who led the Huns?

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97

Visigoths

Which tribe was from Central Europe and crossed the Danube River?

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98

Alaric

Who led the Visigoths?

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99

Battle of Adrianople

In what battle in AD 278 did the Visigoths defeat the Roman army and kill their emperor?

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100

AD 410

When did the Visigoths plunder Rome? Include only the year.

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