Chapter 19: Climate Change and Ozone Depletion

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Carbon

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18 Terms

1

Carbon

present as CH4 in permafrost soils and lake bottoms.

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2

Over the past 900,000 years

Glacial and interglacial periods

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3

Over the past 10,000 years

Interglacial period

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4

Over the past 1,000 years

Temperature has been stable

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5

Over the past 100 years

Temperature changes; methods of determination

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6

Global warming

rapid rate of increasing temperatures

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7

Thick, light-colored low-altitude clouds

decrease surface temperature

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8

Thin, cirrus clouds at high altitudes

increase surface temperature

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9

Prolonged droughts

grasslands become dustbowls

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10

Organisms that increase global warming

Insects, fungi, and microbes

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11

Monsoons

Climatic systems anywhere in which the moisture increases dramatically in the warm season

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12

Jet Stream

Current of fast-moving air found in the upper levels of the atmosphere

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13

Global change

changes in the biological, physical, and chemical properties of Earth

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14

Global climate change

changes in average climate (long-term weather patterns over years or decades)

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15

Monsoons

Climatic systems anywhere in which the moisture increases dramatically in the warm season

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16

Jet Stream

Current of fast-moving air found in the upper levels of the atmosphere

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17

Global change

changes in the biological, physical, and chemical properties of Earth

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18

Global climate change

changes in average climate (long-term weather patterns over years or decades)

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