The Parts of Speech

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a content word that can be used to refer to a person, place, thing, quality, or action

Proper noun

a noun that denotes a particular thing; usually capitalized (Cairo, World Trade Center, Monday)

Common noun

a noun that denotes any or all members of a class (city, building, male, female, scientist)

Abstract noun

a quality (freedom, kindness)

A compound noun

two or more words used in a single noun (toothpick, merry-go-round)

The parts of a compound noun may be written as _______, as _________, or as ___________

one word, two or more words, hyphenated word


a function word that is used in place of a noun or noun phrase


something going before, when the pronoun depends on a noun

Relative pronouns

who whom whose which that

Interrogative pronouns

who whose what whom which

Demonstrative pronouns

this that these those

Singular First Person pronouns

I my mine me

Plural First Person pronouns

we ours us

Singular Second Person pronouns

you your yours

Plural Second Person pronouns

you your yours

Singular Third Person pronouns

he his him she her hers it its

Plural Third Person pronouns

they their theirs them

Singular indefinite pronouns

each either neither one everyone everybody no one nobody anyone anybody someone somebody

Plural indefinite pronouns

several few both many

These pronouns can be either singular or plural

some all most any none These pronouns are SINGULAR when THEY REFER TO A SINGLE WORD These pronouns are PLURAL when THEY REFER TO A PLURAL WORD

The word any and none may be singular even when __________ if ___________and plural if ____________

they refer to a plural word (if) the speaker is thinking of each item individually (and plural if) the speaker is thinking of several things as a group

How should a pronoun agree in a sentence

Pronouns should agree in number, person, and gender with their antecedents. If the antecedent is singular, the pronoun should be singular. If the antecedent is plural, the pronoun should be plural.

Use a singular pronoun to refer to:

each, either, neither, one, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, or somebody

Two or more singular antecedent join by _____ or _____ should be referred to by a singular pronoun

or (or) nor

Two or more antecedents joined by ______ should be referred to by a plural pronoun


Concrete Noun

an object that can be percieved through senses (cloud, thunder)