AHI 001B vocab midterm 1

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Tempera

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Art History

50 Terms

1

Tempera

egg based paint

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2

Aniconic

symbolic or suggestive rather than literally representational

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3

Vault

Curved ceiling

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4

4th century

300s

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5

Orant

a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer

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6

Sarcophagus

stone coffin

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7

Putto

A plump, naked little boy, often winged. In classical art, called a cupid; in Christian art, a cherub.

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8

ambulatory

curved, covered walkway

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9

Mosaic

picture made from chips of colored stone or glass

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10

Codex

an ancient manuscript text in book form.

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11

Vellum

Calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting.

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12

illuminated manuscript

a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.

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13

Diptych

a painting, especially an altarpiece, on two hinged wooden panels that may be closed like a book.

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14

exedra

recessed area, usually semicircular

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15

Pendentive

An inverted, concave, triangular piece of masonry serving as the transition from a square support system to the circular base of a dome.

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16

Minaret

the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day

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17

Mihrab

a niche in the wall of a mosque, at the point nearest to Mecca, toward which the congregation faces to pray.

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18

Icon

small portable paintings of holy figures

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19

Theotokos

One who gives birth to Christ

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20

Encaustic

A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.

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21

Iconoclasm

destruction of images

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22

Iconoclast

Breaker of images

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23

Iconophiles

lovers of images

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24

Greek cross plan

church plan in the form of a Greek cross, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length

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25

Squinch

a straight or arched structure across an interior angle of a square tower to carry a superstructure such as a dome.

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26

Relic

a part of a deceased holy person's body or belongings kept as an object of reverence.

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27

Gold Glass

decorative glass where gold leaf is fused between glass

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28

Tesserae

small pieces of stone or glass or other materials used to make a mosaic

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29

Frescos

painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints

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30

Caliph

Ruler

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31

Caliphate

the political-religious state comprising the Muslim community and the lands and peoples under its dominion

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32

Martyrium

a building or chamber used by the early Christians as a burial place

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33

Qibla

This wall in a mosque always faces Mecca.

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34

Minbar

pulpit in mosque, usually made from wood or stone

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35

Spoila

the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments

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36

Arcade

A series of arches supported by piers or columns.

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37

Maqsura

Enclosure in a mosque, situated near the mihrab and minbar, defined by a metal or timber screen, used by a ruler for purposes of protection and status

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38

Hypostyle

a hall whose roof is supported by columns

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39

Horseshoe arch

a round arch that widens before rounding off, used in Spanish Medical buildings

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40

Iwan

a rectangular vaulted space in a Muslim building that is walled on three sides and open on the fourth

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41

Sebka

Surface decoration based in a grid of rhombuses

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42

Stilted arch

An arch that springs above the impost. The space between is occupied by a vertical member

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43

Muqarnas

three-dimensional architectural ornament composed of tiers of niche-like elements, sometimes likened to stalactites

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44

Madrasa

a place to study law

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45

Mamluk

Muslim rulers of slave stock

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46

Nave

the central area of a church

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47

Clerestory windows

a row of windows high up in a church to admit light into the nave

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48

Apse

a large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof, typically at the eastern end, and usually containing the altar.

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49

Narthex

an antechamber, porch, or distinct area at the western entrance of some early Christian churches

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50

Transept

The part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle.

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