Television Production NOCTI Exam

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Production Assistant

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112 Terms

1

Production Assistant

an entry-level position. For many it is their first industry job.

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2

Talent

the name for anything performing or appearing in front of the camera

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3

Floor Manager

personnel in charge of making sure everybody is in place and all equipment is ready during a LIVE show. They will also cue talent

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4

Sound Engineers

operate the audio console during the show. Also called mixer

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5

Switcher

(also called vision mixer) device used to select between several different video sources and in some cases compositing video sources together to create special effects

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6

Bus

a row of buttons with each button representing a video source. Pressing a button will select a video to play live

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7

Executive Producer

provides the financial backing for a production

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8

Camera Control Unit

CCU, regulates all the elements of the camera signal. (such as focus, white balance, and color balance)

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9

Broadcasting

depends on cooperate (advertising) or public funding (donations and grants)

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10

Subscription TV

depends on monthly fees from the audience to fund programming

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11

Arbitron

survey organization that keeps track of who's watching what and at what time

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12

Ratings

info of who, what, and when are watching

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13

Shares

a tally of how many people are watching a given program

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14

Demographics

measure of what type of people are watching (race, age, gender, etc.)

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15

Primetime

(between 8-11pm) is the time mot people are at home and watching

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16

Commercials

generate income for the broadcaster to pay for the cost of producing or acquiring the program

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17

Focus Groups

screen a show and meet to discuss likes and dislikes

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18

Concept

the initial idea for a show

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19

Treatment

a brief narrative description of what a program will be

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20

Storyboard

a comic book styled sequence of drawings that will help the crew understand the director's vision

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21

Outline

the scene by scene development of the events in your teleplay

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22

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

an organization to license Radio and Television stations. They determine the standards and practices

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23

American Society of Composer and Performers (ASCAP) and Broadcast Music Inc. (BMI)

two organizations (full name and letters) that license music rights to show producers

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24

Release Form

all persons appearing in a film must sign this which gives the film maker the right to use the face and likeness of the performer in the finished film

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25

Copyrighted Material

intellectual property belonging to the copyright holder. Permission must be obtained before using their work

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26

Synchronization Rights

permission by the music copyright holder for you to use that music under a scene in your film

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27

Lower Third

graphic used to identify an on-camera speaker (his name appearing under him)

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28

Crawl

a title moving along the bottom of the screen left to right (Cali term)

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29

Roll

stack of titles that run up the screen (Cali term)

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30

Spotlight

creates sharp directional beam of light onto a controlled specific area of the subject

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31

Floodlight

creates even washes of light over whole set

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32

Fill light

reduces shadows

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33

Contrast Ratio

the difference between the brightest and darkest area of the frame

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34

Three Point Lighting

accomplished with the use of three lights; key, fill, and rim (also called back or hair light)

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35

Barn Doors

mechanical flaps on the sides of lighting instruments that open and close on hinges to control shape of the light and where it falls

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36

Fresnel Lights

light fixtures with lenses in front of the bulb. These lenses have concentric rings etched into the glass and they smooth out the edge of the pool of light they create, softening it

<p>light fixtures with lenses in front of the bulb. These lenses have concentric rings etched into the glass and they smooth out the edge of the pool of light they create, softening it</p>
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37

Gels

plastic sheets of specific colors placed over lighting instruments that tint the light a specific hue or color

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38

LED Lamp

light emitting diode

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39

Tones

frequency or pitch, used by audio engineers to adjust playback equipment so accompanying media is at a comfortable volume for the audience

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40

Lavier Microphones

small mics that are hidden in necktie clips in upper shirt button holes

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41

Background Music

supports narrative or and enhances the mood of the scene

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42

Transponder

both a transmitter and a receiver (like walkies)

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43

Dollying

moving the camera and the tripod forward or away from an object on Z

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44

Trucking

moving the camera and the tripod from side to side on X parallel to the picture plane

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45

Panning

to swivel (pivot) or rotate the camera on X horizontally

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46

Tilting

moving the camera lens up and down on Y without moving the tripod

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47

Pedestaling

moving the camera up and down on Y, lowering and raising the base

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48

Headroom

blank space left between the top of the object or subject and the upper edge of the frame

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49

Leadroom

term for the space left in front of a person moving on X toward the edge of the frame

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50

OTS

abbreviation of "over the shoulder"

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51

CU

abbreviation of "close up"

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52

ECU

abbreviation of "extreme close up"

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53

ELS

abbreviation of "extreme long shot"

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54

MS

abbreviation of "medium shot"

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55

Cutaway or Insert

avoid jump-cuts

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56

RCA Cable

yellow, red, and white cables that carries both audio and video signals

<p>yellow, red, and white cables that carries both audio and video signals</p>
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57

XLR Cable

rubberized cable that carries audio signal

<p>rubberized cable that carries audio signal</p>
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58

14" Phone Jack

used to carry audio signal (used for headphones)

<p>used to carry audio signal (used for headphones)</p>
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59

BNC Cable

used to carry video signal only

<p>used to carry video signal only</p>
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60

Streaming video

viewed over the internet

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61

Keyframe

point of which something changes (speed, direction, scale, color, exposure)

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62

ALPHA Channels

determines transparency. Looks just like RGB color channels except it's value doesn't represent color value, but rather transparency

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63

RGB Color Space

any additive color space based on the RGB color model defined by three chromaticities of the red, green, and blue additive primaries

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64

Chrominance

measure of color

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65

Luminance

measure of light

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66

Interactive Video

gives viewer control over how and what is seen when viewing a program

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67

Teleprompter

a monitor with lines written on it for the talent to read from

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68

3 Camera Set Up

three cameras feeding live streams to the switcher where the newsreader (anchor) is looking at whichever camera LIVE while speaking to the audience

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69

W=(VA)

the formula for watts (watts, amps, and voltage)

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70

Character Generator

a machine containing graphic design elements that allows texts and graphics to be superimposed "live" over the talent during 3 camera shoot by CG Operator

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71

Slates

clappers or sticks used at beginning of each shot to identify the take

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72

Electronic News Gathering (ENG)

sports/news item captured live in the field

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73

Shot Logs

list of camera takes written down on the location during the shoot

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74

Raw Footage

unedited takes on the camera roll or SD card

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75

Striking

refers to dissembling an set after wrapping

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76

Floor Plan

used by the director to block camera shots

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77

Set Dressing

items on a set such as pictures, lamps, etc, that are not props because they aren't handled or referred to by performers

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78

Production Schedule

list of start times for the major events in the production (shoot dates, locations, wrap dates, editorial dates, etc)

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79

Zebra Stripes

diagonal parallel lines in the viewfinder or monitor to indicate that that portion of the frame has reached maximum exposure

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80

Auditions

help determine skills/capabilities of a performer

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81

Proper Z Blocking

arranging people and props along the z-axis in close proximity and toward/away from the camera.

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82

Moire Effect

occurs on costumes or set elements that have high contract stripes and delicate patterns

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83

Body, Lens, and Viewfinder

the three major parts to studio cameras

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84

Aperture

hole in the iris of a lens

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85

F-stop

calibrated ring on the lens indicating the aperture setting

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86

Charged Couple Device (CCD)

most common light-sensitive imaging surface on a video camera. Splits the white light into its red, green, and blue components

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87

Spreader

(aka as spider) used to stabilize tripod legs by applying to the bottom. Prevents from moving too far apart under a heavy camera load

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88

GYB Arm

camera support or rig that allows the operator to pedestal, pan and tilt the camera during the move (aka crane)

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89

Quick Release Plate

tripod mechanism that facilitates quick and accurate mounting and dismounting of the camera to the tripod head

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90

Deep Depth of Field

all objects in the scene on Z are rendered in sharp focus

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91

Shallow Depth of Field

only thin band on Z is rendered in sharp focus

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92

White Balance

set to ensure colors are recorded correctly before shooting

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93

Time-Base Corrector

synchronizes a tape source to house sync to ensure that all cameras and recorders are taking frames at the same time

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94

Shot Gun Microphone

unidirectional mic that hears very little to its left and right , little behind it, and everything in front of it

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95

Cardiod Microphone

records in a heart shaped pick up pattern

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96

Feedback

happens when an audio loop occurs between the speaker and the microphone attached to it

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97

AVU Meter

used to monitor audio recording levels and quality

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98

Crossfading

in AUDIO, fading one sound down while simultaneously fading another sound to replace it

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99

Crossdissolving

in PICTURE, fading one image while replacing it withe another imahge

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100

Capturing

transferring digital video from tape or SD card to a hard drive

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