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1

Random

Suggests an unpredictable result or outcome.

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2

Simulation

Technique for re-creating a random event, can be tactile (physically) or virtual (using a computer).

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3

Random Process

Scenarios where a single experiment's result is unpredictable, but repeating it shows a settled proportion for certain outcomes.

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4

Probability

Measure of the likelihood of a random event occurring, revealing long-term predictability.

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5

Sample Space

Collection of all possible outcomes denoted by S in a probability experiment.

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6

Event

Collection of outcomes from a probability experiment, denoted by capital letters like E.

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7

Fair Die

A die where each number has an equal chance of being rolled.

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8

Loaded Die

A die where some numbers are more likely to be rolled than others.

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9

Law of Large Numbers

As experiment repetitions increase, the observed outcome proportion approaches the outcome's probability.

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10

Probability Diagrams

Visual tools to represent and analyze the likelihood of outcomes and events, simplifying complex problems.

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11

Tables

Display frequency of outcomes in a two-way classification, aiding in organizing data and calculating probabilities.

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12

Tree Diagrams

Represent outcomes of a sequence of events, aiding in visualizing combined event probabilities.

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13

Venn Diagrams

Use overlapping circles to represent sets and their relationships, helpful in visualizing event combinations and relationships.

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