Brooke D English Flashcards (Izzy edits)

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Freytag's Pyramid

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English Midterms Term Study Guide

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Freytag's Pyramid

beginning of story(exposition or en media res), inciting incident, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement

<p>beginning of story(exposition or en media res), inciting incident, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement</p>
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Conflict

A struggle between opposing forces

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rising action

Events leading up to the climax

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Climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point

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falling action

Events after the climax, leading to the resolution

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Resolution/Denouement

End of the story where loose ends are tied up

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initiation story

A narrative in which the main character, usually a child or adolescent, undergoes an important experience that prepares him or her for adulthood.

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Archetypal plot

universal plot that recurs in literature

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Protagonist

main character

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Antagonist

A character or force in conflict with the main character

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flat character

A character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story

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round character

A character who demonstrates some complexity and who develops or changes in the course of a work

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static character

A character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end

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dynamic character

A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action

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foil character

A character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters, bringing out the distinctive qualities in each.

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Flashback

A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events

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Exposition

a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.

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in medias res

in or into the middle of a plot; into the middle of things

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Narrator

Person telling the story

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first person narrator

a narrator within the story who tells the story from the "I" perspective

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third person narrator

a narrator outside of the action who tells the story from the he/she vantage point

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omniscient narrator

a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters

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Setting

The time and place of a story

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Theme

Central idea of a work of literature

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Allegory

a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

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figurative language

Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.

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Metaphor

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

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Simile

A comparison of two unlike things using like or as

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Symbol

A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

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Foreshadowing

A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.

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Sophocles

Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex

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the chorus

A group of characters in Greek tragedy (and in later forms of drama), who comment on the action of a play without participation in it.

What they do in story -> Beauty of poetry and dancing Communicates mood and central themes of drama Relieves (or builds) tension Converses with and gives advice to characters Gives background on preceding events

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Choragos

leader of the chorus

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situational irony

An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected

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dramatic irony

when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't

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Skene

building used as dressing room

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Proscenium

stage forward of curtain

açade of the skene—often served as “scenery” for play, i.e., front of temple or palance

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Parados

entrance of the chorus

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deus ex machina

In literature, the use of an artificial device or gimmick to solve a problem.

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Thespis

first actor

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Dionysus

God of wine

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tragic hero

A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy

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tragic flaw

A weakness or limitation of character, resulting in the fall of the tragic hero.

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Hubris

excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance

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Hamartia

a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine

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joy before catastrophe

happiness before tragedy

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verisimilitude

the appearance of being true or real or events on stage are believable

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Peripeteia

a sudden reversal of fortune or change in circumstances, especially in reference to fictional narrative.

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mutability

changeability

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Chatharsis

the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.

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moment of recognition

when the hero realizes the consequences of his actions

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