Unit 1 English Literary Terms

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Transcendentalism

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46 Terms

1

Transcendentalism

movement of writers that promotes intuitive, spiritual thinking over scientific based thinking; appreciation of nature; spiritual perfection

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2

dark romantics

sub-genre of Romanticism; fascination with the supernatural

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3

aphorism

A short, memorable statement that expresses a general truth or moral principle. Often used to convey wisdom or provoke thought.

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4

catalog

a systematic list or inventory of items, often with vivid descriptions and categorization, used to enhance imagery, rhythm, and thematic exploration within a poem.

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5

Iambic Pentameter

each line has five pairs of syllables; each pair has unstressed and stressed syllable; "The Psalm of Life” and Thanatopsis

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6

meter

the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry

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7

rhythm

the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

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8

scansion

the analysis of a poem's meter, which involves identifying and marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line. It helps to determine the rhythmic pattern and structure of a poem.

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9

metric foot

a unit that has one stressed syllable and either one or two unstressed syllables

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10

simile

a figure of speech that compares two things that have something in common, using words like or as

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11

personification

a figure of speech in which an object, animal, or idea is given human characteristics

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12

imagery

the author's use of description and vivid language by appealing to the senses

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13

speaker

the voice of the poem / the narrator

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14

stanza

a well-defined group of several lines of poetry having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme

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15

blank verse

poetry that doesn’t rhyme, but uses meter (iambic pentameter)

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16

rhyme scheme

a poet's deliberate pattern of lines that rhyme with other lines in a poem or a stanza

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17

elements of romanticism

  • Values Imagination/Intuition over reason (shift from rationalism)

  • Profound love of Nature

  • Focus on the Individual over society

  • 5 I’s: Individuality, Intuition, Inspiration, Imagination, and Idealism

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18

allegory

An extended metaphor in which the characters, places, and objects in a narrative carry figurative meaning

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19

omniscient narrator

the all-knowing voice in a story

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20

characterization

the revealing of a character’s significant traits throughout literary work

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21

situational irony

opposite of what is expected actually happens

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22

stock character

a stereotypical character easily recognized by audiences from reoccurring appearences in literature

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23

static/flat character

character with no personality and no change view or ideals throughout the story; only there to serve the plot

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24

symbol

a person, object, place, event, or action that suggests more than its literal meaning

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25

Faust Legend

a guy who sells his soul to the devil in exchange for unlimited knowledge and riches

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26

Parable

a short tale that illustrates a universal truth

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dynamic/round character

a literary or dramatic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude (ex: Ebenezer Scrooge)

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28

theme/ moral message

an element of moral content, something to be conveyed by the author to the reader, and the meaning contained in a work

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29

tone

conveys the author’s attitude toward the subject, speaker, or audience

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30

mood

the emotional undertone that an author conveys in a work

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31

single effect

a felt sense, where a particular emotion is created in the reader

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32

elements of transcendentalism

  • Each individual has potential for spiritual perfection

  • Commune with nature/follow your “inner light”

  • If each indiv. achieves perfection, then the world will be perfect

  • Don’t let the world (day-to-day) get in the way.

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33

Brook Farm

an attempted Transcendentalist Utopia (A perfect town); one of many experiments in communal living that took place in the United States during the first half of the 19th century

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34

rhetoric

language designed to motivate, persuade, or inform

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35

emotional appeal

“Pathos”; to attempt to persuade the audience by evoking certain emotions

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36

logical appeal

to attempt to persuade an audience through the use of logic, reason, data, and facts

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37

paradox

a statement that appears to contradict itself, but upon further rumination, either reveals a deeper meaning or actually makes sense

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38

inductive reasoning

drawing conclusions by going from specific facts to general statements

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deductive reasoning

logical drawing of conclusions from general ideas to specific

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40

metaphor

a figure of speech that describes an object or action in a way that isn't literally true, but helps explain an idea or make a comparison

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41

repitition

a literary device in which a word or phrase is used multiple times

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42

catalog

a collection of people, objects, ideas, and other elements in list form within poetry or prose

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43

parallelism

a poetic technique where writers repeat grammatically similar words or parts of a sentence

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44

free verse

doesn’t use consistent meter, rhyme, or any rhythmic pattern

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45

slant rhyme

a rhyming scheme with words that sound similar but not exactly the same

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46

style/ experimental structure

the way in which an author uses language to convey their ideas and create a unique voice and tone; might break away from the traditional norms of poetry

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