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The Byzantine Empire
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An ancient empire located near the black sea. Has lots of trade routes. Held major cities like Constantinople.
Wife of Emperor of Byzantine, Justinian.
Emperor of Byzantine
Constantinople (“the city”)
A city in The Byzantine Empire, the main city.
The Islamic prophet, known in Islam as the final prophet. Created Islam.
A city in Saudi Arabia, known as the holiest place for Muslims.
The all powerful god in Islam.
An Arabic religion. Made by Muhammad, the last and greatest prophet.
A very big Islamic pilgrimage city. Known for where Muhammad went.
The Five Pillars of faith
The method to live a good life and become closer to god in Islam. (Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, Haij)
The Islam holy book
The sacred cube shaped black stone in Mecca
System of law that regulates the family life, moral conduct, and business and community life of Muslims.
The pilgrimage Muhammed took from Mecca to Medina.
A code of various laws made under the rule of Justinian in the Byzantine Empire
A spiritual struggle with ones self and their sin in Islam.
Shia & Sunni
Different branches of Islam. (Sunni- believes that everyone should take after Muhammad/ Shi'a- believe that Muhammeds son-in-law Ali should have succeeded Muhammad)
Dynasty of rulers who ruled an empire. Their capital was Baghdad, and they were killed by Mongols.
The capital of The Abbasid Dynasty.
A political arrangement with a small central monarchy ruling over smaller states.
A Byzantine place of worship, now a mosque.
Council of Nicea
A council for bishops in the city of Nicea.
The devotion of one's life to living an asteic life.
Schism of 1054
The schism that split Christianity into 2, Roman Cathlioc and Eastern Orthodox.
Eastern Orthodox Church
Developed after the Schism of 1054. It is the second largest church and it is governed by bishops.
Indo-European people in Europe, mainly christian.
A religious and political leader. He was the chief ruler and regarded as the successor of Muhammad.
The ruling family of Caliphate.
The Caliph of Baghdad. He was known as a very good leader and lead during the start of the Islamic golden age
Muslim ruled area on the peninsula of modern day Spain and Portugal.
The first wife of Muhammad and first Islamic follower, also a very successful business woman.
An Islamic word for educational institution.
The first emperor of Holy Rome.
Holy Roman Empire
A political entity all across Medieval Europe.