English 1 Honors Final Review

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Rhyme Scheme

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Tags and Description

Semester 1

28 Terms

1

Rhyme Scheme

The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.

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2

Line

The most basic unit of poetry. It serves the same function as a sentence does in prose (regular writing).

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3

Stanza

Lines are grouped into these. It serves the same function as a paragraph does in prose (regular writing).

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4

Repetition

An instance where a word or phrase repeated to provide clarity and emphasis, highlighting deeper meanings in the text.

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5

Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonant sounds of adjacent or closely related words

Example: The __b__ig __b__ad __b__ear __b__ored the __b__aby __b__unnies __b__y the __b__ushes.

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6

Simile

A figure of speech comparing two unlike things using like or as

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7

Mood

A literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions.

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8

Tone

An author’s attitude towards his or her audience

  • Shown through DIDLS (Diction, Imagery, Details, Language, Syntax)

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9

Personification

A figure of speech in which an idea or thing is given human attributes and/or feelings or is spoken of as if it were human.

  • Example: The sun smiled down on us.

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10

Sonnet

A poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.

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11

Assonance

A literary device in which the repetition of similar vowel sounds takes place in two or more words in proximity to each other

Example: The r__ain__ in Sp__ain__ stays m__ainly in the plain__s.

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12

Theme

A universal idea, lesson, or message explored throughout a work of literature

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13

Metaphor

A comparison between two things that are otherwise unrelated

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14

Hyperbole

A figure of speech that is an intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect

  • Example: “It’s raining cats and dogs!”

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15

Understatement

Purposefully representing something as much less than it really is.

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16

Imagery

Usually, these words or phrases are used to create a picture in the reader’s mind through the use of language.

  • Appeals to our five senses (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell).

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17

Direct Characterization

The author directly shares the character’s traits with the audience

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18

Indirect Characterization

The author provides clues on a character based on what a character does and says.

  • This is shown through STEAL (Speech, Thoughts, Effects on Others, Actions, Looks)

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19

First-Person Point of View

The narrator is a character in the story referred to as I

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20

Third-Person Limited Point of View

The narrator reveals the thoughts of only one character, referring to that character as “he” or “she.”

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21

Third-Person Omniscient Point of View

The narrator knows all about the story’s events and reveals the thoughts of all characters

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22

Protagonist

The main character (can be good or bad)

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23

Antagonist

Person or thing who goes against the protagonist

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24

Foreshadowing

A literary device used to give an indication or hint of what is to come later in the story.

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25

Internal Conflict

A struggle within a person’s mind over a problem or question

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26

External Conflict

A conflict between a character and an external force

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27

Dramatic Irony

A situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character does not know.

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28

Rhetorical Question

Posing a question that doesn’t necessarily require an answer.

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