SCOTUS precedent quiz

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Engel v. Vitale (1962)

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1

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

SC ruled school-sponsored prayer in public schools violated the establishment clause of the 1st Amendment

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2

Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)

school can't censor student speech unless it interrupts education

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3

United States v. Lopez (1995)

congress was using the commerce clause to justify the gun law that was overturned

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4

New York Times Co v. United States (1971)

right of free press against prior restraint from government

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5

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

all defendants facing imprisonment get a right to an attorney - 6th Amendment

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6

Baker v. Carr (1962)

"One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.

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7

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

ended legalized racial segregation in schools

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8

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

ensured "Separation but equal" doctrine, leading to Jim Crow Laws still being used

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9

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

illegal seized evidence could not be used in a state criminal trial - exclusionary rule

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10

D.C v. Heller (2008)

2nd amendments protects possession of a firearm in the federal district

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11

Oregon v. Smith (1988)

applicable laws not targeting specific religious practices do not violate the free exercise clause of the 1st Amendment

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12

Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986)

public school can limit student free speech if it is vulgar

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13

Roe v. Wade (1973)

right to decide whether to continue a pregnancy based on the 14th Amendment.

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14

New Jersey v. T.L.O (1985)

4th Amendments prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure is not limited to just the actions of law enforcement personnel; reasonable suspicion is less than probable clause

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15

Board of Education v. Earls (2002)

upheld constitutionally of mandatory drug testing by public schools of students in extracurricular activities

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16

Dred Scott v. Sandford

Declared that African Americans were not citizens and could not sue in federal court.

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17

Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)

prioritized free exercise of religion over students attending school

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18

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

Supremacy Clause: federal power - necessary improper clause in Article 1, Section 8 gave Congress power to establish a national bank

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19

Shaw v. Reno (1993)

racial reasons for redistricting is unconstitutional

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20

Schenck v. United States (1919)

SC invented "clear and present danger" to determine if a state could constitutionally limit an individual's free speech rights under the 1st Amendment

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21

McDonald v. Chicago (2010)

2nd amendment applies to state, local, and federal governments

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22

Marbury v. Madison (1803)

Established judicial review

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23

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

citizens must be informed of their constitutional right to an attorney and against self-incrimination prior to police questioning

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24

Korematsu v. United States (1944)

internment camps are legal during wartime; not necessary to address racial discrimination

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25

Texas v. Johnson (1989)

symbolic speech is protected under the 1st Amendment

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26

Reynolds v. United States (1879)

upheld state law on polygamy.

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27

In re Gault (1967)

Juveniles are entitled to Due Process protection under the 14th Amendment

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28

Youngstown v. Sawyer (1952)

curbed executive power and said Truman could not have seizure of steel mills

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29

Obergefell v. Hodges (2015)

Federally recongized same sex marriage

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30

Riley v. California (2014)

Police must obtain a search warrant to retrieve content from an arrested person's cell phone

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31

Barker v. Wingo (1972)

speedy and public trial by impartial jury

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32

Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier

public schools can limit student newspapers if it's inconsistent with the school's educational mission

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