APUSH Period 3 Review

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French and Indian War

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85 Terms

1

French and Indian War

War with French over land in Ohio River Valley

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2

British Colonies

Protestant

Families

Population boom

Trade and cash crop economy

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3

New France

Catholic

Mostly men

Slow population growth

Fur trade

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4

Causes of French and Indian War

Competition for land in the ORV

Competition for resources

Growing population in British colonies leads to expansion

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5

Benjamin Franklin

Albany Congress

Helped draft Dec of Ind

Representative at constitutional convention

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6

Albany Congress

Meeting to help unite colonies against French

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7

Join or Die

Benjamin Franklin made to encourage colonies to unite against French

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8

George Washington

Served in French and Indian War

Americas first president

Farewell address

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9

Treaty of Paris

Ended F&I war

America gains large amounts of French land

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10

Effects of French and Indian War

Pontiacs rebellion

Proclamation of 1763

England in debt

Colonists angry

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11

Pontiacs Rebellion

Native Americans rebellion after British move into Ohio territory

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12

Proclamation of 1763

Ended salutary neglect

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13

Causes of American Revolution

Taxes by British

Boston Massacre

Anger from colonists

Enlightenment

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14

Sugar Act

Tax on sugar

first tax to make revenue

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15

Stamp Act

Tax on documents

First direct tax on colonists

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16

Declaratory Act

Assured Britains right to tax

Response to backlash over stamp act

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17

Townshend Act

Tax on tea, glass, lead, and paper

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18

Reactions to taxes from colonists

Boycott British goods

Resistance groups

Committees of Correspondence

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19

Sons of Liberty

Resistance group

Boston Tea Party

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20

Women during the lead up to revolution

make own goods

Daughters of Liberty

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21

Homespun movement

Women make their own goods to protest British taxes

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22

Boston Massacre

British troops shoot at colonists

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23

Tea Act

Tax on tea leads to Boston Tea Party

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24

Boston Tea party

Sons of Liberty dump British tea into harbor to protest taxes

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25

Coercive Acts / Intolerable Acts

British reaction to Boston Tea Party

Make colonists pay for tea

Took away liberties

“last straw”

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26

Continental Congresses 1&2

Meeting to discuss revolution

Olive Branch Petition

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27

Olive Branch Petition

Attempt to mend relations with British

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28

Enlightenment

Began in Europe

revolutionary thought

sparked Am Rev

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29

Common Sense

Thomas Payne

Support colonial independence

Individual participation in gov

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30

Declaration of Independence

Declared America’s independence from British in 1776, inspired by John Locke

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31

John Locke

Natural rights

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32

First Continental Congress

in response to intolerable acts

colonies send delegates

list of grievances to king

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33

Second Continental Congress

in response to Lexington and concord

Declaration of independence

Continental army

Washington elected to lead army

established first government

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34

Lexington and Concord

Start of conflict in American revolution

“the shot heard round the world”

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35

Bunker Hill

Proved America capable of defeating British

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36

Saratoga

American victory

Gained support from France

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37

Valley Forge

Low point for Continental army

brutal winter

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38

Yorktown

Final battle of American revolution

British surrender

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39

Patriots

Want independence

from urban areas

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40

Loyalists

Want to stay under British rule

from rural areas (NY, GA)

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41

British Army Advantages

Known as best in the world

access to resources and training

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42

British army disadvantages

ill suited for fights in colonies

in debt from F&I war

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43

American Army advantages

commitment

knowledge of land

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44

American Army disadvantages

lack of supplies and training

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45

Treaty of Paris (1783)

End of war

British gave up land west of colonies

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46

Women in Revolutionary war

cooks

nurses

daughters of liberty

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47

Natives in revolutionary war

supported British

feared land being taken

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48

African Americans in Revolutionary war

American and British armies

many were promised freedom after the war

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49

Articles of confederation

first written government

very weak

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50

Articles of Confederation weaknesses

No executive

no power to tax

9/13 to pass laws

13/13 to amend laws

Unicameral legislature

too much power in states

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51

Articles of Confederation Successes

Land ordinance

Northwest Ordinance

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52

Northwest ordinance

Laid out process from admitting new states

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53

Shay’s rebellion

Showed inability of articles to put down insurrection

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54

Constitutional Convention

Sparked by Shays rebellion

gather to write new constitution

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55

Great Compromise

Virginia + New Jersey Plans

bicameral legislature

House and Senate

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56

3/5 Compromise

3/5 slaves counted toward population for taxing and representation

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57

Separation of Powers

Divide powers into 3 branches

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58

Checks and Balances

each branch checks actions of others

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59

Federalism

Broad powers to national government

Some powers reserved for states

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60

Necessary and Proper Clause

Congress has powers “necessary and proper”

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61

Federalists (pre-constitution)

Supported ratification of constitution as is

Property rights used for voting (only wealthy people)

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62

Anti- Federalists

Opposed constitution

wanted to add a bill of rights

fewer limits on voting

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63

Federalist papers

85 papers written to support ratification of constitution

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64

Constitution ratified

1788, with bill of rights

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65

Republican Motherhood

women should raise sons to be good participants in the republic

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66

George Washington Domestic Issues

Support Whiskey Tax

Support National Bank

Approved Treaty of Greenville

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67

Treaty of Greenville

Washington

Compensate natives for land

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68

Washington Foreign issues

Jay’s treaty with British

Pinkney’s treaty with Spanish

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69

Jay’s Treaty

Wahsington

resolve boundary issues with british

Stop impressment of sailors

remove British troops

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70

Pinkney’s Treaty

Washington

Boundary between Spanish and American lands

America gets access to Mississippi River

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71

Washingtons Precedents

Cabinet of advisors

2 terms

farewell address

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72

Washinton’s Farewell Address

No political parties

Neutral in foreign conflict

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73

Alexander Hamilton

Federalist papers

Secretary of Treasury

federalist

financial plan

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74

Hamiltons Financial Plan

Assumption of state war debts

National bank

National currency

support manufacturing industry

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75

Whiskey rebellion

Put down by George Washington

Showed constitution will last

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76

Thomas Jefferson

Drafted Declaration of Independence

Democratic Republican

3rd president

Secretary of State

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77

Federalists (post -constitution)

Lead by Hamilton

national bank

loose interpretation of constitution

economy based on trade and manufacturing

Want to support British

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78

Democratic-Republicans

Lead by Jefferson

Oppose national bank

Strict interpretation of constitution

economy based on farming

want to support French

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79

John Adams

Second president

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80

John Adams Challenges

Legacy of Washington

political party division

quasi war with france

XYZ affair

Alien and sedition acts

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81

XYZ Affair

French delegates tried to bribe America

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82

Alien and Sedition Acts

John Adams

made it a crime to speak against government

Hard to become an American citizen as an alien

lead to VA+KY resolutions

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83

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

Try to nullify Alien and Sedition acts

states rights should take precedent over national

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84

James Madison

Drafted constitution

Wrote some of the federalist papers

Democratic republican

4th president

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85

Jefferson Revolution of 1800

John Adams lost to Jefferson

first peaceful transfer of power

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