Literature: Midterms Reviewer

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Elegy

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Tags and Description

21st Century Literature

52 Terms

1

Elegy

A lyric poem of sad theme such lamentation for the dead, longing for a missing love, and a grief for things beyond one’s control

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2

Legend

A sub-division of prose which covers a literary work of imaginative narration, either oral or written, fashioned to entertain and to make readers think and more so, to feel

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3

Fable/Pabula

A short prose fiction narrative depicting animal characters which espouses a lesson in life

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4

Blog

A website created to contain and manage user-made or posts that are updated regularly

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5

Text tula

A poem produced and shared through the use of a mobile phones

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6

Rhythm

The recurrence of accented and unaccented syllables in pattern

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7

Simile

Twinkle, twinkle little star,

How I wonder what you are

Up above the world so high,

Like a diamond in the sky.

What figure of speech is used?

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8

Literary devices

It allows the readers to interpret, understand and analyze the examined work when the devices are effectively utilized

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9

Figures of speech

The use of more expressive language applying varieties of words to provide creative and dramatic approach to the meaning being presented

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10

Pre-Colonial Period

It is oral in nature and is full of lessons and ideas about life, its blessings, and its consequences. What period is this?

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11

Riddles

These are statements that contain superficial words, but they function figuratively and as metaphors, and are in the form of questions

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12

Proverbs

These are statements that are considered as wise

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13

Pasyon

It is about the passion (journey and suffering) and the death of Jesus Christ

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14

Japanese Period

The use of the English language was forbidden, and the use of the Filipino language was mandated. What period is this?

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15

Hypertext poetry

A form of digital poetry that uses links using hypertext mark-up. It is a very visual form, and is related to hypertext fiction and visual arts

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16

Chick lit

Written by women, uses strong female characters who are trying to live in the modern world

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17

Flash fiction

A fictional work of extreme brevity that still offers character and plot development. A very short story

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18

Weak

The rich man arrived. He had grown old and feeble; his face was scarred with deep lines.

What does “feeble” mean?

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19

Biographical context

  • Under My Invisible Umbrella by Laurel Fantauzzo is a literary essay that talks about a Filipino-Italian who was born in the United States

  • Because her features are more Italian than Filipina, she had encountered problems with people treating her as “extra special” in the Philippines, but she finds it more isolating than welcoming

  • Fantauzzo’s way of writing reflects a lot about her personal encounters within the Philippines

  • This essay can be best read through the ____ context.

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20

Creative writing

What creative representation of a text is best to produce when you want to recreate a part of a text or change its ending?

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21

Juxtaposition

A literary device used to create deliberate differences for the reader to compare and contrast

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22
  1. Traditional

Which is not a characteristic of 21st Century Literature?

  1. Traditional

  2. Innovative

  3. Creative

  4. New

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23

Metaphor

Hope is the thing with feathers that perches the soul.

Which literary device is used?

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24

Personification

Thousands of ants teamed up to create an army to defend their mound.

Which literary device is used?

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25

Imagery

This literary device is used to stimulate the readers' minds with vivid descriptions and images of the text

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26

Diction

This literary device reflects the tone and mood in and of the text

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27

Creative non-fiction

A factual story that is written using literary devices and techniques

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28

Artistry

It is one of the characteristics of literature that appeals to our sense of beauty

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29

Universality

A great literature is timeless and timely in terms of themes and conditions

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30

Suggestiveness

This is a quality associated with emotional power of literature which move us deeply

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31

Myth

The story of "Bakunawa and the Seven Moons" is an example of ______

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32

Epic

It is a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation

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33

Dead Stars by Paz Marquez Benitez

It is considered as the first successful English short story written in the Philippines during American Period

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34

Jose Garcia Villa

He was considered as the first recipient of the National Artist Award in 1973 for his work Footnote to Youth

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35

Theme

It is the central topic, subject, or message of the story

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36
  1. What is the structure of the text? Is it a narrative?

All questions can be used in analyzing a text through a sociocultural context except _____

  1. What is the prevailing social order?

  2. Who has the power? Who does not?

  3. What is the structure of the text? Is it a narrative?

  4. Is there oppression or class struggle?

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37
  1. Literature mirrors the events of history

Which is the best reason why literature and history are closely interrelated?

  1. Literature mirrors the events of history

  2. The feelings, aspirations, customs, and traditions are also written in literature

  3. Literature has its own history and history has its history

  4. Literature is life and history

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38

Rural area

What is the setting of Footnote to Youth?

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39

Lucio

  • Footnote to Youth

  • Teang regretted not marrying this man

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40
  1. Peer pressure

Which of the following social issues is not shown in Footnote to Youth?

  1. Overpopulation

  2. Early marriages

  3. Teenage pregnancy

  4. Peer pressure

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41
  1. Grief

  • Footnote to Youth

  • Which of the following was not felt by Dodong while Teang was giving birth?

  1. Grief

  2. Excitement

  3. Embarrassment

  4. Nervousness

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42

Esperanza

  • Dead Stars

  • Who was the woman to whom Alfredo Salazar was engaged and eventually married?

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43
  1. Simplicity and tradition; or

  2. Corruption of morals (possible answer)

  • Dead Stars

  • Julia Salas symbolizes the following, except …?

  1. Simplicity and tradition

  2. Corruption of morals

  3. Personal wants/desires

  4. Youthfulness and love

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44

Calle Real

  • Dead Stars

  • Which place symbolizes the realization of truth amidst lies and deceit?

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45

Man vs. Society

  • Dead Stars

  • Alfredo struggled with norms and traditions during his time. What type of conflict does this represent?

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46

Paz Marquez Benitez

Who is the author of Dead Stars?

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47

The father/poor man

  • My Father Goes to Court

  • Who went to the judge to tell the story of an uncle died of laughing?

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48

The judge dismissed the case because of lack of evidence

  • My Father Goes to Court

  • What happened to the poor family at the end of the story?

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49

Happiness is contagious

What is the moral of My Father Goes to Court?

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50

Moved lightly through the air

Now, this rich man’s servants were always frying and cooking something good, and the aroma of the food was wafted down to us form the windows of the big house

What does “wafted” mean?

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51

The spirit of the food was paid with the spirit of the money

  • My Father Goes to Court

  • How did the narrator's father pay the crime his family is accused to?

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52

Carlos Bulosan

Who wrote My Father Goes to Court?

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