Med term Ch4

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Acne

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106 Terms

1

Acne

disorder of the hair follicles and oil glands

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2

Albinism

decreased or absent of melanin on hair, eyes, and skin

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3

Allergy skin test

a check up to test your skin’s reaction

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4

Alopecia

little to full absence of hair where hair should be at

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5

anesthetic

medicine used to prevent pain from surgery

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6

antibiotic

medicines that fight bacterial infections

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7

anti fungal

medicines that kill/prevent fungi growth

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8

antipruritic

help or to check on itching

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9

antiviral

acting against drugs

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10

arrector pili

a microscopic band of muscle tissue that connects the hair to the dermis

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11

autograft

a tissue/organ that is transplanted from another part of the body

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12

basal cell carcinoma

skin cancer

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13

basal layer

innermost layer of the epidermis

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14

biologic

produced from living organisms

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15

biopsy

removed tissue or cell that is tested in a lab

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16

blepharoplasty

operation of the upper and lower eyelids that are joined together

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17

burns

injury of the skin caused by heat

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18

cauterization

technique of burning part of the body or removing it

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19

chemical peel

a procedure that uses a chemical on the top layer of the skin

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20

cicatrix

a scar from formation of fibrous tissue

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21

collagen

protein of the integumentary system

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22

corticosteroid

anti inflammatory medicine

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23

cryosurgery

using extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen or gas

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24

curettage

surgical scraping of the lining of the body catvity

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25

cuticle

a clear skin layer in the bottom edge of fingers or toes

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26

Cyanosis

bluish color in the skin,lips,nail caused from lack of oxygen

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27

cyst

closed sac with liquid on the skin

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28

debridement

procedure of treating a wounded skin

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29

dermabrasion

removal of skin blemishes or imperfections

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30

dermatologist

a branch that focuses on skin health

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31

dermatology technician

a physician who works in a dermatologist office

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32

dermatoplasty

surgical operation on the skin

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33

dermis

the skin

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34

ecchymosis

discoloration on the skin

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35

eczema

condition where patches of the skin is rough, inflamed, and blistered

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36

epidermis

the upper layer of the skin

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37

epithelial tissue

tissue formed to cover an internal/external surface of the body

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38

excisional biopsy

removing a solitary skin lesion

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39

exfoliative cytology

scraping of possible skin cancer

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40

first-degree burn

burn leaving a red mark on the outer skin layer

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41

fissure

a cleft or groove

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42

gangrene

tissue dying from lack of blood flow

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43

gland

group of cells that secretes hormones into the body

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44

hair follicles

produce hair

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45

hair shaft

protein of the hair that helps boost hair from the epidermis

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46

immunosuppressant

drugs to help the body not digest newly ported organs

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47

impetigo

bacterial skin infection that is contagious

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48

incision and drainage (I&D)

treatment for skin and soft tissue abscesses

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49

incisional biopsy

when a small piece is removed from the body

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50

integumentary system

the body system that focus on the skin,hair,and nails

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51

intradermal skin test

another test to determine an allergy

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52

kaposi’s sarcoma

cancer that causes lesions of the soft tissues

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53

keloid

tumors with no malignant potential

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54

keratin

natural fibrous that forms the hair, nails, and skin

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55

laser therapy

treatment that uses strong beams to cut/burn tissue

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56

lesions, cancerous

cell pathological abnormality

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57

lipectomy

excisions of fatty tissue, used in cosmetic procedure

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58

lipids

fats

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59

lipocytes

fat cells

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60

liposuction

removal of fat

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61

lunula

visible portion of the distal nail

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62

macule

flat discolored area of the skin

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63

malignant melanoma

common skin cancer that arises melanin on the upper layer

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64

melanin

what makes everybody have different skin tones

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65

melanocytes

melanin cells

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66

Mohs surgery

method of treating skin cancer

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67

mucous membrane

soft tissue that lines the body canals

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68

nail plate

the nail skin

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69

nail root

the nail found under the surface

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70

nails

infolding of the skin that occurs in the end

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71

needle biopsy

uses samples of cells from your body

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72

nevus

circumscribed lesions of the skin or mucosa

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73

nodule

small firm lumps

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74

oral drugs

drugs used by the mouth

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75

papule

a pimple

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76

perspiration

diaphoresis

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77

petechia

round red spots under the skin

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78

polyp

the lining of the bowls

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79

psoriasis

skin disease marked by red and scaly patches

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80

punch biopsy

punch sized tissue for lab exam

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81

purpura

rash of purple spots on the skin

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82

pustule

small blister or pimple with pus

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83

rhytidectomy

facelift

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84

scabies

contagious skin disease marked by itching

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85

scleroderma

hardening and contraction of the skin

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86

sclerotherapy

treatment of blood vessels

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87

scratch test

test for allergies in a scratched skin

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88

sebaceous glands

gland found in your hair follicles

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89

sebum

sticky oily liquid

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90

second-degree burn

epidermis and part of the dermis being burnt

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91

squamous cell carcinoma

cancer that occurs in the outer part of the epidermis

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92

stratified squamous epithelium

consists of epithelial cells arranged in layers

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93

subcutaneous layer

the layer of tissue under the skin

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94

sweat glands

produces sweat

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95

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

disease where the immune system attacks its own tissue

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96

third-degree burn

burn that destroys most layers of the skin

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97

tinea

fungal infection of the skin

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98

topical drugs

medication applied to the body surface

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99

transdermal drugs

medicine applied through the skin

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100

ulcer

opening sore that is on the epithelial surface

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