Terms 11

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The gastrointestinal system takes in and breaks down what to provide energy for the body?

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Ch.11: TheGastrointestinal System-Gastrenterology

269 Terms

1

The gastrointestinal system takes in and breaks down what to provide energy for the body?

food

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2

The first step in turning food to energy is

digestion.

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3

Three types of usable of food fuel:

  • Protein

  • Fat

  • Carbohydrates

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4

The gastrointestinal system is broken into the:

  • Gastrointestinal (GI) tract

  • Accessory organs

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5

Or/o, stomat/o

mouth

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6

Dent/o, odont/o

tooth

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7

Gingiv/o

gums

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8

Chyme

chewed food

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9

After leaving the mouth, food passes through the

esophagus to the stomach.

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10

The _____ secretes chemicals to break down food into smaller parts.

stomach

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11

Gloss/o, lingu/o

tongue

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12

Esophag/o

esophagus

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13

Gastr/o

stomach

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14

Large intestine main function

absorb remaining water

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15

Small intestine main function

chemically breaks down food

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16

Enter/o

intestines

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17

Duoden/o

duodenum

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18

Jejun/o

jejunum

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19

Ile/o

ileum

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20

Col/o, colon/o

colon (large intestine)

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21

Sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

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22

Rect/o

rectum

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23

An/o

anus

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24

Proct/o

anus and rectum

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25

Liver

produces bile

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26

Bile is stored in the _______ and secreted into the small intestine.

gallbladdar

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27

Pancreas

has enzymes to break down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates

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28

Sial/o

saliva

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29

Bil/i, chol/e

bile (gall)

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30

The gastrointestinal organs are located in the

abdomen

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31

The gastrointestinal organs are surrounded by the

peritoneum

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32

Peritoneum

membrane surrounding the gastrointestinal organs

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33

Abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o

abdomen

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34

Cyst/o

bladder

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35

Doch/o

duct

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36

Hepat/o, hepatic/o

liver

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37

Pancreat/o

pancreas

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38

Peritone/o

peritoneum (def)

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39

Gastrointestinal complaints are usually associated with

pain.

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40

Stomatodynia

mouth pain

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41

Esophalgia

esophagus pain

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42

Gastralgia

stomach pain

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43

Cholecystalgia

pain in the gallbladder

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44

Dyspepsia

bad digestion

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45

Emesis

vomiting

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46

Diarrhea

passing of fluid or unformed feces

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47

Constipation

difficulty passing feces

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48

Jaundice

condition with yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, arising from excess of the pigment bilirubin and typically caused by obstruction of the bile duct, by liver disease, or by excessive breakdown of red blood cells.

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49

Dentalgia, odontalgia, odontodynia

tooth pain

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50

Aerodontalgia

tooth pain caused by exposure to air

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51

Gingivalgia

gum pain

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52

Gingivostomatitis

inflammation of the mouth and gums

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53

Stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

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54

Stomatodynia

mouth pain

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55

Aphagia

inability to speak

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56

Esophagalgia

pain in the esophagus

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57

Eupepsia

good digestion

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58

Dyspepsia

bad digestion

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59

Gastralgia, gastrodynia

stomach pain

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60

Hematemesis

vomiting blood

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61

Hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

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62

Dysentery

aka diarrhea

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63

Enterodynia

pain in the intestines

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64

Hemorrhoid

inflammation of the veins surrounding the anus

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65

Rectalgia

rectum pain

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66

Saliva

watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing lubrication for chewing and swallowing, and aiding digestion.

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67

Sialorrhea

excessive salivation

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68

Cholecystalgia

pain in the gallbladder

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69

icterus

aka jaundice

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70

What are the tests regarding the gastrointestinal organs

  • Visual inspection

  • Palpation

  • Laboratory tests

  • Radiologic/ultrasound tests

  • Visual inspection with a camera

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71

Gastromalacia

softening of the stomach

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72

Gastroparesis

partial paralysis of the stomach

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73

Stomatogastric

pertaining to the mouth and stomach

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74

Stomatosis

mouth condition

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75

Gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

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76

Gingivoglossitis

inflammation of the gums and tongue

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77

Glossoplegia

paralysis of the tongue

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78

Odontoclasis

breaking of a tooth

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79

Anophony

sound from the anus

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80

Flatus

passing gas

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81

Hernia

rupture of protrusion of an organ through the wall that normally contains it

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82

Steatorrhea

excessive fat in the feces

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83

Hepatomalacia

softening of the liver

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84

Hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

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85

Hepatoptosis

downward displacement of the liver

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86

Biligenesis

formation of bile

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87

Cholelith

gallstone; literally, a stone in the bile

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88

Pancreatolith

stone in the pancreas

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89

Sialoangiectasis

overexpansion of the salivary glands

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90

Sialolith

stone in the saliva

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91

Sialostenosis

narrowing of the salivary glands

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92

Ascites

retention of fluid in the peritoneum

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93

Cholangiogram

record of the bile vessels

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94

Cholangiography

procedure for mapping the bile vessels

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95

Cholangiopancreatography

procedure for mapping the bile vessels and pancreas

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96

Cholecystogram

record of the bile bladder

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97

Pancreatography

procedure for mapping the pancreas

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98

Fecal occult blood test (FOBT)

test of feces to discover blood not visibly apparent

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99

Nasogastric tube

tube inserted through the nose into the stomach

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100

Dentrifice

a paste or powder for cleaning the teeth

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