Anatomy Exam

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What are organ systems?

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1

What are organ systems?

integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive

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2

What is the integumentary system?

skin

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3

What is the skeletal system?

protects and supports body organs, and provides frameworks the muscles use to cause movement.

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4

What is the muscular system?

Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and ligaments that attach bones together to form joint

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5

What is the nervous system?

Consists of the brain, spinal cord & nerves & it serves as the body's CONTROL SYSTEM

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6

What is the endocrine system?

HORMONES!!

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7

What is the cardiovascular system?

heart and blood vessels

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8

What is the lymphatic system?

Lymph nodes, immune system

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9

What is the respiratory system?

This system keeps the body's cells supplied with oxygen

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10

What is the urinary system?

the excretory (urinary) system helps maintain the water & electrolyte balance in the body.

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11

What is the digestive system?

consists of all organs from mouth to the anus involved in the ingestion and breakdown or processing of food.

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12

What is the reproductive system?

Reproduce offspring- produce male sex cells (sperm) and female sex cells (oocytes)

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13

What is homeostasis?

the ability of an organism to maintain consistent internal environment in response to changing internal or external conditions

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14

What is an example of how humans maintain homeostasis?

body temperature--sweating, sickness--lymphatic system kicks in

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15

What are the three components of homeostatic systems?

Receptor, Control Center, Effector

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16

What is a condyle?

Large, smooth, rounded, oval structure

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17

What is a facet

Small, flat, shallow surface

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18

What is a head?

Prominent, rounded epiphysis

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19

What is a trochlea?

Smooth, grooved, pulleylike process

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20

What is an alveolus?

Deep pit or socket in the maxillae or mandible

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21

What is a Fossa?

Flattened or shallow depression

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22

What is a Sulcus?

Narrow groove

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23

What is a Crest?

Narrow, prominent, ridgelike projection

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24

What is a Epicondyle?

Projection adjacent to a condyle

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25

What is a Line?

Low ridge

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26

What is a process?

Any marked bony prominence

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27

What is a Ramus?

Angular extension of a bone relative to the rest of the structure

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28

What is a Spine?

Pointed, slender process

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29

What is a Trochanter?

Massive, rough projection found only on the femur

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30

What is a Tubercle?

Small, round projection

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31

What is a Tuberosity?

Large, rough projection

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32

What is a Meatus/Canal?

Passageway through the bone

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33

What is a Fissure?

Narrow, slitlike opening through a bone

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34

What is a Foramen?

Rounded passageway through the bone

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35

What is a Sinus?

Cavity or hollow space in a bone

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36

Clavicle

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37

Scapula

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38

Humerus

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39

Carpals

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40

Radius

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41

Metacarpals

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42

Ulna

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43

Phalanges

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44

Os coaxe

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45

Femur

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46

Tarsals

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47

Patella

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48

Tibia

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49

Fibula

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50

Frontal Bone

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51

Parietal Bones

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52

Temporal Bones

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53

Occipital Bone

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54

Sphenoid bone

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55

Ethmoid Bone

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56

Zygomatic Bones

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57

Lacrimal Bones

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58

Nasal Bones

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59

Vomer

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60

Inferior Nasal Conchae

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61

Palatine Bones

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62

Maxillae

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63

Mandible

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64

Malleus

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65

Incus

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66

Stapes

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67

Hyoid Bone

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68

cervical vertebrae

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69

Thoracic Vertebrae

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70

Lumbar Vertebrae

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71

Sacrum

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72

Coccyx

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73

Sternum

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74

Ribs

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75

What are articulating surfaces?

condyle, facet, head, trochlea

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76

What are depressions?

alveolus, fossa, sulcus

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77

What are Projections?

crest, epicondyle, line, process, ramus, spine, trochanter, tubercle, tuberosity

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78

What are openings and spaces?

canal, fissure, foramen, meatus, sinus

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79

What are condyles?

large, smooth, rounded articulating oval structure

<p>large, smooth, rounded articulating oval structure</p>
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80

What are facets?

small, flat, shallow surface

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81

What are heads?

prominent, rounded epiphysis

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82

What are Trochiea?

smooth, grooved, pulley-like process

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83

What is Etiology?

study of the cause of disease

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84

What is Pathogenisis?

development of disease

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85

What is anatomy?

The study of body structure

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86

What is Physiology?

The study of body function

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87

What is Microscopic Anatomy?

deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye

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88

What is Cytology?

study of cells

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89

What is Histology?

study of tissues

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90

What is systematic anatomy?

body structure is studied system by system

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91

What is Regional Anatomy?

specific regions of the body such as the head or chest

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92

What is surface anatomy?

the study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface

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93

What is comparative anatomy?

The comparison of body structures and how they vary among species

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94

What is embryology anatomy?

developmental changes that occur before birth

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95

What is Pathologic Anatomy/Pathology?

examines all anatomic changes resulting from disease

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96

What is radiographic anatomy?

investigates internal structures visualized by scanning procedures

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97

What is cardiovascular physiology?

functions of the heart and blood vessels

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98

What is Neurophysiology?

explains the workings of the nervous system

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99

What is respiratory physiology?

functions of the air passageways and lungs

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100

What is reproductive physiology?

the functioning of reproductive hormones and the reproductive cycle

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