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What are organ systems?
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integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
What is the integumentary system?
What is the skeletal system?
protects and supports body organs, and provides frameworks the muscles use to cause movement.
What is the muscular system?
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and ligaments that attach bones together to form joint
What is the nervous system?
Consists of the brain, spinal cord & nerves & it serves as the body's CONTROL SYSTEM
What is the endocrine system?
What is the cardiovascular system?
heart and blood vessels
What is the lymphatic system?
Lymph nodes, immune system
What is the respiratory system?
This system keeps the body's cells supplied with oxygen
What is the urinary system?
the excretory (urinary) system helps maintain the water & electrolyte balance in the body.
What is the digestive system?
consists of all organs from mouth to the anus involved in the ingestion and breakdown or processing of food.
What is the reproductive system?
Reproduce offspring- produce male sex cells (sperm) and female sex cells (oocytes)
What is homeostasis?
the ability of an organism to maintain consistent internal environment in response to changing internal or external conditions
What is an example of how humans maintain homeostasis?
body temperature--sweating, sickness--lymphatic system kicks in
What are the three components of homeostatic systems?
Receptor, Control Center, Effector
What is a condyle?
Large, smooth, rounded, oval structure
What is a facet
Small, flat, shallow surface
What is a head?
Prominent, rounded epiphysis
What is a trochlea?
Smooth, grooved, pulleylike process
What is an alveolus?
Deep pit or socket in the maxillae or mandible
What is a Fossa?
Flattened or shallow depression
What is a Sulcus?
What is a Crest?
Narrow, prominent, ridgelike projection
What is a Epicondyle?
Projection adjacent to a condyle
What is a Line?
What is a process?
Any marked bony prominence
What is a Ramus?
Angular extension of a bone relative to the rest of the structure
What is a Spine?
Pointed, slender process
What is a Trochanter?
Massive, rough projection found only on the femur
What is a Tubercle?
Small, round projection
What is a Tuberosity?
Large, rough projection
What is a Meatus/Canal?
Passageway through the bone
What is a Fissure?
Narrow, slitlike opening through a bone
What is a Foramen?
Rounded passageway through the bone
What is a Sinus?
Cavity or hollow space in a bone