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judicial system

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221 Terms

1

judicial system

rechtssysteem

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2

civil law

burgerlijk recht

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3

criminal law

strafrecht

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4

legislative power

wetgevende macht

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5

executive power

uitvoerende macht

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6

judicial power, judiciary

rechterlijke macht

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7

constitution

grondwet

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8

violation, offence, felony/crime

overtreding, misdrijf, misdaad

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9

adjucating judges

zittende magistratuur

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10

law officers who bring prosecutions

staande magistratuur, het parket

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11

Prosecutor's Office

openbaar ministerie

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12

court hearing

hoorzitting, rechtszaak

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13

judgment

oordeel

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14

lower court judgment

vonnis

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15

appeal court judgment

arrest

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16

Judicial Code

Gerechtelijk Wetboek

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17

litigant

litigant/rechtzoekende, procesvoerende (partij)

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18

court of appeal

hof van beroep

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19

Court of Cassation (appeal on points of law)

Hof van Cassatie (cassatieberoep)

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20

judicial area

rechtsgebied

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21

judicial district

gerechtelijk arrondissement

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22

court of first instance

rechtbank van eerste aanleg

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23

labour tribunal

arbeidsrechtbank

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24

commercial court

ondernemingsrechtbank

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25

judicial canton

gerechtelijk kanton

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26

civil magistrate's court

vredegerecht

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27

assize court

hof van assisen

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28

punishable

strafbaar

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29

sentence

vonnis (alg)

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30

imprisonment

gevangenisstraf

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31

community service

werkstraf

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32

fine

(geld)boete

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33

Council of State

Raad van State

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34

Constitutional Court

Grondwettelijk/Constitutioneel Hof

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35

act

wet

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36

decree

decreet

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37

ordinance

ordonnantie

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38

culprit, perpetrator

boosdoener, schuldige, dader, beklaagde

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39

"Gebruik ‘Your honour’ als mogelijk. Alternatieven: Mister/ Madam President, prosecutor"

Directe aanspreking van een magistraat, vb. ‘Mijnheer de procureur’, ‘Mevrouw de rechter’

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40

Claim; charges, indictment

Eis, vordering; aanklacht, tenlastenlegging, beschuldiging (hoger)

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41

Report a crime to the police; file a complaint to the police

Aangifte doen bij de politie

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42

Civil party

Burgerlijke partij

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43

To claim damages; to join/ bring a civil action

Zich burgerlijke partij stellen

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44

Commit (criminal) offences

Plegen van feiten; criminele feiten

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45

Surveillance images; (security) camera images

Bewakingsbeelden

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46

Criminal court

Correctionele rechtbank (= strafrechtbank, eerste aanleg)

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47

Violence; assault

Geweldpleging

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48

To take (swear) the oath

De eed afleggen

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49

Compensation for material damage

Materiële schadevergoeding

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50

Conviction

Veroordeling

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51

Conspiracy (be involved in)

Complot (in een complot zitten)

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52

A sense of guilt

schuldinzicht

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53

Effective prison sentence

Effectieve gevangenisstraf

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54

Assume liability for, take responsibility for

Aansprakelijkheid opnemen

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55

Have a criminal record (disputed reputation)

Ongunstig strafblad

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56

passers-by

voorbijgangers

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57

identity theft

identiteitsfraude, identiteitsdiefstal

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58

credit history

bankgeschiedenis

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59

to freeze/block credit (credit ban)

rekening bevriezen, blokkeren (kredietverbod)

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60

debt collection company

incassobureau

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61

fencing

heling

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62

obsence, crude language

schunning taalgebruik

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63

ransom

losgeld

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64

to be in the dark

in het duister tasten

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65

to express their concern, take action

aan de alarmbel trekken

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66

to confiscate, to seize

in beslag nemen, verbeurdverklaren

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67

a house search

huiszoeking

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68

i represent

ik treed op namens

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69

audacious

gedurfd

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70

notorious

berucht

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71

to be released on probation

voorwaardelijke vrijlating

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72

the rightful owner

de rechtmatige eigenaar

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73

investigating magistrate

onderzoeksrechter

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74

recalcitrance/resistance

weerspannigheid

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75

to uphold someone

iemand staande houden

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76

doctor's note

doktersbriefje

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77

certified

erkend

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78

to fight tooth and nail

zich met hand en tand verdedigen

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79

the public prosecutor's office demands

mijn ambt vordert

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80

a witness

een getuige

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81

a convict, the convicted

de veroordeelde

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82

a jury, a people's jury

volksjury

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83

a trial by jury, a jury trial

assisenzaak

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84

a magistrate

een magistraat

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85

abolition, abolish

afschaffing, afschaffen

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86

advocate for

ijveren voor

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87

a layperson, a layman

een leek

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88

a prosecutor

een parketmagistraat, openbaar aanklager

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89

minor offenders

plegers van lichte misdrijven

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90

zware criminelen

serious criminals

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91

acquittal, to be acquitted

vrijspraak, vrijgesproken worden

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92

stand-by jury members, back-up

reservejuryleden

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93

to be settled

beslecht

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94

sentencing court

strafuitvoeringsrechtbank

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95

a bolita

een bolita (in te slikken eivormig pakket waarin harddrugs gesmokkeld worden)

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96

a drug buyer

een afnemer van drugs

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97

to (body-) search, to frisk (inf)

fouilleren

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98

to impose a sentence/fine

een straf/boete opleggen

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99

to confess one’s guilt (police), to plead guilty (court)

schuld bekennen, een bekentenis afleggen

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100

the hearing in chambers

de raadkamer

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